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data science

Fiza Fatima
| August 15, 2023

Explore the lucrative world of data science careers. Learn about factors influencing data scientist salaries, industry demand, and how to prepare for a high-paying role.



Data scientists are in high demand in today’s tech-driven world. They are responsible for collecting, analyzing, and interpreting large amounts of data to help businesses make better decisions. As the amount of data continues to grow, the demand for data scientists is expected to increase even further. 

According to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, the demand for data scientists is projected to grow 36% from 2021 to 2031, much faster than the average for all occupations. This growth is being driven by the increasing use of data in a variety of industries, including healthcare, finance, retail, and manufacturing. 

Earning Insights Data Scientist Salaries
Earning Insights Data Scientist Salaries – Source: Freepik

Factors Shaping Data Scientist Salaries 

There are a number of factors that can impact the salary of a data scientist, including: 

  • Geographic location: Data scientists in major tech hubs like San Francisco and New York City tend to earn higher salaries than those in other parts of the country. 
  • Experience: Data scientists with more experience typically earn higher salaries than those with less experience. 
  • Education: Data scientists with advanced degrees, such as a master’s or Ph.D., tend to earn higher salaries than those with a bachelor’s degree. 

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  • Industry: Data scientists working in certain industries, such as finance and healthcare, tend to earn higher salaries than those working in other industries. 
  • Job title and responsibilities: The salary for a data scientist can vary depending on the job title and the specific responsibilities of the role. For example, a senior data scientist with a lot of experience will typically earn more than an entry-level data scientist. 

Data Scientist Salaries in 2023 

Data Scientists Salaries
Data Scientists Salaries

To get a better understanding of data scientist salaries in 2023, a study analyzed data from Indeed.com. The study analyzed the salaries for data scientist positions that were posted on Indeed in March 2023. The results of the study are as follows: 

  • Average annual salary: $124,000 
  • Standard deviation: $21,000 
  • Confidence interval (95%): $83,000 to $166,000 

The average annual salary for a data scientist in 2023 is $124,000. However, there is a significant range in salaries, with some data scientists earning as little as $83,000 and others earning as much as $166,000. The standard deviation of $21,000 indicates that there is a fair amount of variation in salaries even among data scientists with similar levels of experience and education. 

The average annual salary for a data scientist in 2023 is significantly higher than the median salary of $100,000 reported by the US Bureau of Labor Statistics for 2021. This discrepancy can be attributed to a number of factors, including the increasing demand for data scientists and the higher salaries offered by tech hubs. 


If you want to get started with Data Science as a career, get yourself enrolled in Data Science Dojo’s Data Science Bootcamp

10 different data science careers in 2023


Data Science Career



Average Salary (USD)




Data Scientist $124,000 $83,000 – $166,000
Machine Learning Engineer $135,000 $94,000 – $176,000
Data Architect $146,000 $105,000 – $187,000
Data Analyst $95,000 $64,000 – $126,000
Business Intelligence Analyst $90,000 $60,000 – $120,000
Data Engineer $110,000 $79,000 – $141,000
Data Visualization Specialist $100,000 $70,000 – $130,000
Predictive Analytics Manager $150,000 $110,000 – $190,000
Chief Data Officer $200,000 $160,000 – $240,000


The data scientist profession is a lucrative one, with salaries that are expected to continue to grow in the coming years. If you are interested in a career in data science, it is important to consider the factors that can impact your salary, such as your geographic location, experience, education, industry, and job title. By understanding these factors, you can position yourself for a high-paying career in data science. 

Top 12 Data Science Memes: For the serious learner who needs a laugh
Ayesha Saleem
| July 18, 2023

Data science, machine learning, artificial intelligence, and statistics can be complex topics. But that doesn’t mean they can’t be fun! Memes and jokes are a great way to learn about these topics in a more light-hearted way.

In this blog, we’ll take a look at some of the best memes and jokes about data science, machine learning, artificial intelligence, and statistics. We’ll also discuss why these memes and jokes are so popular, and how they can help us learn about these topics.

So, whether you’re a data scientist, a machine learning engineer, or just someone who’s interested in these topics, read on for a laugh and a learning experience!


1. Data Science Memes


Data scientist's meme
R and Python languages in Data Science – Meme

As a data scientist, you must be able to relate to the above meme. R is a popular language for statistical computing, while Python is a general-purpose language that is also widely used for data science. They both are the most used languages in data science having their own advantages.


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Here is a more detailed explanation of the two languages:

  • R is a statistical programming language that is specifically designed for data analysis and visualization. It is a powerful language with a wide range of libraries and packages, making it a popular choice for data scientists.
  • Python is a general-purpose programming language that can be used for a variety of tasks, including data science. It is a relatively easy language to learn, and it has a large and active community of developers.

Both R and Python are powerful languages that can be used for data science. The best language for you will depend on your specific needs and preferences. If you are looking for a language that is specifically designed for statistical computing, then R is a good choice. If you are looking for a language that is more versatile and can be used for a variety of tasks, then Python is a good choice.

Here are some additional thoughts on R and Python in data science:

  • R is often seen as the better language for statistical analysis, while Python is often seen as the better language for machine learning. However, both languages can be used for both tasks.
  • R is generally slower than Python, but it is more expressive and has a wider range of libraries and packages.
  • Python is easier to learn than R, but it has a steeper learning curve for statistical analysis.

Ultimately, the best language for you will depend on your specific needs and preferences. If you are not sure which language to choose, I recommend trying both and seeing which one you prefer.

Data scientist's meme
Data scientist’s meme

We’ve been on Twitter for a while now and noticed that there’s always a new tool or app being announced. It’s like the world of tech is constantly evolving, and we’re all just trying to keep up.

Although we are constantly learning about new tools and looking for ways to improve the workflow. But sometimes, it can be a bit overwhelming. There’s just so much information out there, and it’s hard to know which tools are worth your time.

So, what should we do to efficiently learn about evolving technology? We can develop a bit of a filter when it comes to new tools. If you see a tweet about a new tool, first ask yourself: “What problem does this tool solve?” If the answer is something that I’m currently struggling with, then take a closer look.

Also, check out the reviews for the tool. If the reviews are mostly positive, then try it. But if the reviews are mixed, then you can probably pass. Just

Just remember to be selective about the tools you use. Don’t just install every new tool that you see. Instead, focus on the tools that will actually help you be more productive.

And who knows, maybe you’ll even be the one to announce the next big thing!

Enjoying this blog? Read more about —> Data Science Jokes 

2. Machine Learning Meme

Data scientist's meme
Machine learning – Meme

Despite these challenges, machine learning is a powerful tool that can be used to solve a wide range of problems. However, it is important to be aware of the potential for confusion when working with machine learning.

Here are some tips for dealing with confusing machine learning:

  • Find a good resource. There are many good resources available that can help you understand machine learning. These resources can include books, articles, tutorials, and online courses.
  • Don’t be afraid to ask for help. If you are struggling to understand something, don’t be afraid to ask for help from a friend, colleague, or online forum.
  • Take it slow. Machine learning is a complex field, and it takes time to learn. Don’t try to learn everything at once. Instead, focus on one concept at a time and take your time.
  • Practice makes perfect. The best way to learn machine learning is by practicing. Try to build your own machine learning models and see how they perform.

With time and effort, you can overcome the confusion and learn to use machine learning to solve real-world problems.


3. Statistics Meme

Data scientist's meme
Linear regression – Meme

Here are some fun examples to understand about outliers in linear regression models:

Outliers are like weird kids in school. They don’t fit in with the rest of the data, and they can make the model look really strange.
Outliers are like bad apples in a barrel. They can spoil the whole batch, and they can make the model inaccurate.
Outliers are like the drunk guy at a party. They’re not really sure what they’re doing, and they’re making a mess.

So, how do you deal with outliers in linear regression models? There are a few things you can do:

  • You can try to identify the outliers and remove them from the data set. This is a good option if the outliers are clearly not representative of the overall trend.
  • You can try to fit a non-linear regression model to the data. This is a good option if the data does not follow a linear trend.
  • You can try to adjust the model to account for the outliers. This is a more complex option, but it can be effective in some cases.

Ultimately, the best way to deal with outliers in linear regression models depends on the specific data set and the goals of the analysis.


Data scientist's meme
Statistics Meme

4. Programming Language Meme


Data scientist's meme
Java and Python – Meme

Java and Python are two of the most popular programming languages in the world. They are both object-oriented languages, but they have different syntax and semantics.

Here is a simple code written in Java:

And here is the same code written in Python:

As you can see, the Java code is more verbose than the Python code. This is because Java is a statically typed language, which means that the types of variables and expressions must be declared explicitly. Python, on the other hand, is a dynamically typed language, which means that the types of variables and expressions are inferred by the interpreter.

The Java code is also more structured than the Python code. This is because Java is a block-structured language, which means that statements must be enclosed in blocks. Python, on the other hand, is a free-form language, which means that statements can be placed anywhere on a line.

So, which language is better? It depends on your needs. If you need a language that is statically typed and structured, then Java is a good choice. If you need a language that is dynamically typed and free-form, then Python is a good choice.

Here is a light and funny way to think about the difference between Java and Python:

  • Java is like a suit and tie. It’s formal and professional.
  • Python is like a T-shirt and jeans. It’s casual and relaxed.
  • Java is like a German car. It’s efficient and reliable.
  • Python is like a Japanese car. It’s fun and quirky.

Ultimately, the best language for you depends on your personal preferences. If you’re not sure which language to choose, I recommend trying both and seeing which one you like better.


Git pull and Git push - Meme
Git pull and Git push – Meme

Git pull and Git push - Meme

Git pull and git push are two of the most common commands used in Git. They are used to synchronize your local repository with a remote repository.

Git pull fetches the latest changes from the remote repository and merges them into your local repository.

Git push pushes your local changes to the remote repository.

Here is a light and funny way to think about git pull and git push:

  • Git pull is like asking your friend to bring you a beer. You’re getting something that’s already been made, and you’re not really doing anything.
  • Git push is like making your own beer. It’s more work, but you get to enjoy the fruits of your labor.
  • Git pull is like a lazy river. You just float along and let the current take you.
  • Git push is like whitewater rafting. It’s more exciting, but it’s also more dangerous.

Ultimately, the best way to use git pull and git push depends on your needs. If you need to keep your local repository up-to-date with the latest changes, then you should use git pull. If you need to share your changes with others, then you should use git push.

Here is a joke about git pull and git push:

Why did the Git developer cross the road?

To fetch the latest changes.

User Experience Meme

Data scientist's meme
User experience – Meme

Bad user experience (UX) happens when you start off with high hopes, but then things start to go wrong. The website is slow, the buttons are hard to find, and the error messages are confusing. By the end of the experience, you’re just hoping to get out of there as soon as possible.

Here are some examples of bad UX:

  • A website that takes forever to load.
  • A form that asks for too much information.
  • An error message that doesn’t tell you what went wrong.
  • A website that’s not mobile-friendly.

Bad UX can be frustrating and even lead to users abandoning a website or app altogether. So, if you’re designing a user interface, make sure to put the user first and create an experience that’s easy and enjoyable to use.

5. Open AI Memes and Jokes

OpenAI is a non-profit research company that is working to ensure that artificial general intelligence benefits all of humanity. They have developed a number of AI tools that are already making our lives easier, such as:

  • GPT-3: A large language model that can generate text, translate languages, write different kinds of creative content, and answer your questions in an informative way.
  • Dactyl: A robot hand that can learn to perform complex tasks by watching humans do them.
  • Five: A conversational AI that can help you with tasks like booking appointments, making reservations, and finding information.

OpenAI’s work is also leading to the obsolescence of some traditional ways of work. For example, GPT-3 is already being used by some businesses to generate marketing copy, and it is likely that this technology will eventually replace human copywriters altogether.

Here is a light and funny way to think about the impact of OpenAI on our lives:

  • OpenAI is like a genie in a bottle. It can grant us our wishes, but it’s up to us to use its power wisely.
  • OpenAI is like a new tool in the toolbox. It can help us do things that we couldn’t do before, but it’s not going to replace us.
  • OpenAI is like a new frontier. It’s full of possibilities, but it’s also full of risks.

Ultimately, the impact of OpenAI on our lives is still unknown. But one thing is for sure: it’s going to change the world in ways that we can’t even imagine.

Here is a joke about OpenAI:

What do you call a group of OpenAI researchers?

A think tank.

Data scientist's meme
AI – Meme


Data scientist's meme


Data scientist's meme
Open AI – Meme


In addition to being fun, memes and jokes can also be a great way to discuss complex topics in a more accessible way. For example, a meme about the difference between supervised and unsupervised learning can help people who are new to these topics understand the concepts in a more visual way.

Of course, memes and jokes are not a substitute for serious study. But they can be a fun and engaging way to learn about data science, machine learning, artificial intelligence, and statistics.

So next time you’re looking for a laugh, be sure to check out some memes and jokes about data science. You might just learn something!

Sonya Newson
| July 7, 2023

In the technology-driven world we inhabit, two skill sets have risen to prominence and are a hot topic: coding vs data science. At first glance, they may seem like two sides of the same coin, but a closer look reveals distinct differences and unique career opportunities.  

This article aims to demystify these domains, shedding light on what sets them apart, the essential skills they demand, and how to navigate a career path in either field.

What is Coding?

Coding, or programming, forms the backbone of our digital universe. In essence, coding is the process of using a language that a computer can understand to develop software, apps, websites, and more.  

The variety of programming languages, including Python, Java, JavaScript, and C++, cater to different project needs.  Each has its niche, from web development to systems programming. 

  • Python, for instance, is loved for its simplicity and versatility. 
  • JavaScript, on the other hand, is the lifeblood of interactive web pages. 
Coding vs Data Science
Coding vs Data Science

Coding goes beyond just software creation, impacting fields as diverse as healthcare, finance, and entertainment. Imagine a day without apps like Google Maps, Netflix, or Excel – that’s a world without coding! 

What is Data Science? 

While coding builds digital platforms, data science is about making sense of the data those platforms generate. Data Science intertwines statistics, problem-solving, and programming to extract valuable insights from vast data sets.  

This discipline takes raw data, deciphers it, and turns it into a digestible format using various tools and algorithms. Tools such as Python, R, and SQL help to manipulate and analyze data. Algorithms like linear regression or decision trees aid in making data-driven predictions.   

In today’s data-saturated world, data science plays a pivotal role in fields like marketing, healthcare, finance, and policy-making, driving strategic decision-making with its insights. 

Essential Skills for Coding

Coding demands a unique blend of creativity and analytical skills. Mastering a programming language is just the tip of the iceberg. A skilled coder must understand syntax, but also demonstrate logical thinking, problem-solving abilities, and attention to detail. 

Logical thinking and problem-solving are crucial for understanding program flow and structure, as well as debugging and adding features. Persistence and independent learning are valuable traits for coders, given technology’s constant evolution.

Understanding algorithms is like mastering maps, with each algorithm offering different paths to solutions. Data structures, like arrays, linked lists, and trees, are versatile tools in coding, each with its unique capabilities.

Mastering these allows coders to handle data with the finesse of a master sculptor, crafting software that’s both efficient and powerful. But the adventure doesn’t end there.

But fear not, for debugging skills are the secret weapons coders wild to tame these critters.  Like a detective solving a mystery, coders use debugging to follow the trail of these bugs, understand their moves, and fix the disruption they’ve caused. In the end, persistence and adaptability complete a coder’s arsenal. 

Essential Skills for Data Science

Data Science, while incorporating coding, demands a different skill set. Data scientists need a strong foundation in statistics and mathematics to understand the patterns in data.  

Proficiency in tools like Python, R, SQL, and platforms like Hadoop or Spark is essential for data manipulation and analysis. Statistics helps data scientists to estimate, predict and test hypotheses.

Knowledge of Python or R is crucial to implement machine learning models and visualize data. Data scientists also need to be effective communicators, as they often present their findings to stakeholders with limited technical expertise.

Career Paths: Coding vs Data Science

The fields of coding and data science offer exciting and varied career paths. Coders can specialize as front-end, back-end, or full-stack developers, among others. Data science, on the other hand, offers roles as data analysts, data engineers, or data scientists. 

Whether you’re figuring out how to start coding or exploring data science, knowing your career path can help streamline your learning process and set realistic goals. 

Comparison: Coding vs Data Science 

While both coding and data science are deeply intertwined with technology, they differ significantly in their applications, demands, and career implications. 

Coding primarily revolves around creating and maintaining software, while data science is focused on extracting meaningful information from data. The learning curve also varies. Coding can be simpler to begin with, as it requires mastery of a programming language and its syntax.  

Data science, conversely, needs a broader skill set including statistics, data manipulation, and knowledge of various tools. However, the demand and salary potential in both fields are highly promising, given the digitalization of virtually every industry. 

Choosing Between Coding and Data Science 

Coding vs data science depends largely on personal interests and career aspirations. If building software and apps appeals to you, coding might be your path. If you’re intrigued by data and driving strategic decisions, data science could be the way to go. 

It’s also crucial to consider market trends. Demand in AI, machine learning, and data analysis is soaring, with implications for both fields. 

Transitioning from Coding to Data Science (and vice versa)

Transitions between coding and data science are common, given the overlapping skill sets.    

Coders looking to transition into data science may need to hone their statistical knowledge, while data scientists transitioning to coding would need to deepen their understanding of programming languages. 

Regardless of the path you choose, continuous learning and adaptability are paramount in these ever-evolving fields. 


In essence, coding vs data science or both are crucial gears in the technology machine.  Whether you choose to build software as a coder or extract insights as a data scientist, your work will play a significant role in shaping our digital world.  

So, delve into these exciting fields and discover where your passion lies. 

Why every employee should learn data science: The business case 101
Ayesha Saleem
| June 27, 2023

In today’s rapidly changing world, organizations need employees who can keep pace with the ever-growing demand for data analysis skills. With so much data available, there is a significant opportunity for organizations to harness the power of this data to improve decision-making, increase productivity, and enhance overall performance. In this blog post, we explore the business case for why every employee in an organization should learn data science. 

The importance of data science in the workplace 

Data science is a rapidly growing field that is revolutionizing the way organizations operate. Data scientists use statistical models, machine learning algorithms, and other tools to analyze and interpret data, helping organizations make better decisions, improve performance, and stay ahead of the competition. With the growth of big data, the demand for data science skills has skyrocketed, making it a critical skill for all employees to have. 

The benefits of learning data science for employees 

There are many benefits to learning data science for employees, including improved job satisfaction, increased motivation, and greater efficiency in processes3 By learning data science, employees can gain valuable skills that will make them more valuable to their organizations and improve their overall career prospects. 

Uses of data science in different areas of the business 

Data Science can be applied in various areas of business, including marketing, finance, human resources, healthcare, and government programs. Here are some examples of how data science can be used in different areas of business: 

  • Marketing: Data Science can be used to determine which product is most likely to sell. It provides insights, drives efficiency initiatives, and informs forecasts. 
  • Finance: Data Science can aid in stock trading and risk management. It can also make predictive modeling more accurate. 
  • Operations: Data Science applications can be used for any industry that generates data. A healthcare company might gather historical data on previous diagnoses, treatments and patient responses over years and use machine learning technologies to understand the different factors that might affect unique areas of treatments and human conditions 

Improved employee satisfaction 

One of the biggest benefits of learning data science is improved job satisfaction. With the ability to analyze and interpret data, employees can make better decisions, collaborate more effectively, and contribute more meaningfully to the success of the organization. Additionally, data science skills can help organizations provide a better work-life balance to their employees, making them more satisfied and engaged in their work. 

Increased motivation and efficiency 

Another benefit of learning data science is increased motivation and efficiency. By having the skills to analyze and interpret data, employees can identify inefficiencies in processes and find ways to improve them, leading to financial gain for the organization. Additionally, employees who have data science skills are better equipped to adopt new technologies and methods, increasing their overall capacity for innovation and growth. 

Opportunities for career advancement 

For employees looking to advance their careers, learning data science can be a valuable investment. Data science skills are in high demand across a wide range of industries, and employees with these skills are well-positioned to take advantage of these opportunities. Additionally, data science skills are highly transferable, making them valuable for employees who are looking to change careers or pursue new opportunities. 

Access to free online education platforms 

Fortunately, there are many free online education platforms available for those who want to learn data science. For example, websites like KDNuggets offer a listing of available data science courses, as well as free course curricula that can be used to learn data science. Whether you prefer to learn by reading, taking online courses, or using a traditional education plan, there is an option available to help you learn data science. 


In conclusion, learning data science is a valuable investment for all employees. With its ability to improve job satisfaction, increase motivation and efficiency, and provide opportunities for career advancement, it is a critical skill for employees in today’s rapidly changing world. With access to free online education 

Enrolling in Data Science Dojo’s enterprise training program will provide individuals with comprehensive training in data science and the necessary resources to succeed in the field.

To learn more about the program, visit https://datasciencedojo.com/data-science-for-business/

Exploring the power of Python Requests library for HTTP requests and real-world scenarios
Areesha Afzal
| June 13, 2023

The Python Requests library is the go-to solution for making HTTP requests in Python, thanks to its elegant and intuitive API that simplifies the process of interacting with web services and consuming data in the application.

With the Requests library, you can easily send a variety of HTTP requests without worrying about the underlying complexities. It is a human-friendly HTTP Library that is incredibly easy to use, and one of its notable benefits is that it eliminates the need to manually add the query string to the URL.

Requests library
Requests library

HTTP Methods

When an HTTP request is sent, it returns a Response Object containing all the data related to the server’s response to the request. The Response object encapsulates a variety of information about the response, including the content, encoding, status code, headers, and more.

GET is one of the most frequently used HTTP methods, as it enables you to retrieve data from a specified resource. To make a GET request, you can use the requests.get() method.

>> response = requests.get(‘https://api.github.com’)

The simplicity of Requests’ API means that all forms of HTTP requests are straightforward. For example, this is how you make an HTTP POST request:

>> r = requests.post(‘https://httpbin.org/post’, data={‘key’: ‘value’})

POST requests are commonly used when submitting data from forms or uploading files. These requests are intended for creating or updating resources, and allow larger amounts of data to be sent in a single request. This is an overview of what Request can do.

Real-world applications

Requests library’s simplicity and flexibility make it a valuable tool for a wide range of web-related tasks in Python, here are few basic applications of requests library:

1. Web scraping:

Web scraping involves extracting data from websites by fetching the HTML content of web pages and then parsing and analyzing that content to extract specific information. The Requests library is used to make HTTP requests to the desired web pages and retrieve the HTML content. Once the HTML content is obtained, you can use libraries like BeautifulSoup to parse the HTML and extract the relevant data.

2. API integration:

Many web services and platforms provide APIs that allow you to retrieve or manipulate data. With the Requests library, you can make HTTP requests to these APIs, send parameters, headers, and handle the responses to integrate external data into your Python applications. We can also integrate the OpenAI ChatGPT API with the Requests library by making HTTP POST requests to the API endpoint and send the conversation as input to receive model-generated responses.

3. File download/upload:

You can download files from URLs using the Requests library. It supports streaming and allows you to efficiently download large files. Similarly, you can upload files to a server by sending multipart/form-data requests. requests.get() method is used to send a GET request to the specified URL to download large files, whereas, requests.post() method is used to send a POST request to the specified URL for uploading a file, you can easily retrieve files from URLs or send files to a server. This is useful for tasks such as downloading images, PDFs, or other resources from the web or uploading files to web applications or APIs that support file uploads.

4. Data collection and monitoring:

Requests can be used to fetch data from different sources at regular intervals by setting up a loop to fetch data periodically. This is useful for data collection, monitoring changes in web content, or tracking real-time data from APIs.

5. Web testing and automation:

Requests can be used for testing web applications by simulating various HTTP requests and verifying the responses. The Requests library enables you to automate web tasks such as logging into websites, submitting forms, or interacting with APIs. You can send the necessary HTTP requests, handle the responses, and perform further actions based on the results. This helps in streamlining testing processes, automating repetitive tasks, and interacting with web services programmatically.

6. Authentication and session management:

Requests provides built-in support for handling different types of authentication mechanisms, including Basic Auth, OAuth, and JWT, allowing you to authenticate and manage sessions when interacting with web services or APIs. This allows you to interact securely with web services and APIs that require authentication for accessing protected resources.

7. Proxy and SSL handling

Requests provides built-in support for working with proxies, enabling you to route your requests through different IP addresses, by passing the ‘proxies’ parameter with the proxy dictionary to the request method, you can route the request through the specified proxy, if your proxy requires authentication, you can include the username and password in the proxy URL. It also handles SSL/TLS certificates and allows you to verify or ignore SSL certificates during HTTPS requests, this flexibility enables you to work with different network configurations and ensure secure communication while interacting with web services and APIs.

8. Microservices and serverless architecture

In microservices or serverless architectures, where components communicate over HTTP, the Requests library can be used to make requests between different services, establish communication between different services, retrieve data from other endpoints, or trigger actions in external services. This allows for seamless integration and collaboration between components in a distributed architecture, enabling efficient data exchange and service orchestration.

Best practices for using the Requests library

Here are some of the practices that are needed to be followed to make good use of Requests Library.

1. Use session objects

Session object persists parameters and cookies across multiple requests being made. It allows connection pooling which means that instead of creating a new connection every time you make a request, it holds onto the existing connection and saves time. In this way, it helps to gain significant performance improvements.

2. Handle errors and exceptions

It is important to handle errors and exceptions while making requests. The errors can include problems with the network, issues on the server, or receiving unexpected or invalid responses. You can handle these errors using try-except block and the exception classes in the Requests library.

By using try-except block, you can anticipate potential errors and instruct the program on how to handle them. In case of built-in exception classes you can catch specific exceptions and handle them accordingly. For example, you can catch a network-related error using the requests.exceptions.RequestException class, or handle server errors with the requests.exceptions.HTTPError class.

3. Configure headers and authentication

The Requests library offers powerful features for configuring headers and handling authentication during HTTP requests. HTTP headers serve an important purpose in communicating specific instructions and information between a client (such as a web browser or an API consumer) and a server. These headers are particularly useful for tailoring the server’s response according to the client’s needs.

One common use case for HTTP headers is to specify the desired format of the response. By including an appropriate header, you can indicate to the server the preferred format, such as JSON or XML, in which you would like to receive the data. This allows the server to tailor the response accordingly, ensuring compatibility with your application or system.

Headers are also instrumental in providing authentication credentials. The Requests library supports various authentication methods, such as Basic Auth, OAuth, or using API keys.
It is crucial to ensure that you include necessary headers and provide the required authentication credentials while interacting with web services, it helps you to establish secure and successful communication with the server.

4. Leverage response handling

The Response object that is received after making a request using Requests library, you need to handle and process the response data effectively. There are various methods to access and extract the required information from the response.
For example, parsing JSON data, accessing headers, and handling binary data.

5. Utilize timeout

When making requests to a remote server using methods like ‘requests.get’ or ‘requests.put’, it is important to consider potential for long response times or connectivity issues. Without a timeout parameter, these requests may hang for an extended period, which can be problematic for backend systems that require prompt data processing and responses.
For this purpose, it is recommended to set a timeout when making the HTTP requests using the timeout parameter, it helps to prevent the code from hanging indefinitely and raise the TimeoutException indicating that request has taken longer tie than the specified timeout period.

Overall, the requests library provides a powerful and flexible API for interacting with web services and APIs, making it a crucial tool for any Python developer working with web data.

Wrapping up

As we wrap up this blog, it is clear that the Requests library is an invaluable tool for any developer working with HTTP-based applications. Its ease of use, flexibility, and extensive functionality makes it an essential component in any developer’s toolkit

Whether you’re building a simple web scraper or a complex API client, Requests provides a robust and reliable foundation on which to build your application. Its practical usefulness cannot be overstated, and its widespread adoption within the developer community is a testament to its power and flexibility.

In summary, the Requests library is an essential tool for any developer working with HTTP-based applications. Its intuitive API, extensive functionality, and robust error handling make it a go-to choice for developers around the world.


10 best data science bootcamps in 2023
Ruhma Khawaja
| June 9, 2023

The job market for data scientists is booming. In fact, the demand for data experts is expected to grow by 36% between 2021 and 2031, significantly higher than the average for all occupations. This is great news for anyone who is interested in a career in data science.

According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, the job outlook for data science is estimated to be 36% between 2021–31, significantly higher than the average for all occupations, which is 5%. This makes it an opportune time to pursue a career in data science. 

Data Science Bootcamp
Data Science Bootcamp

What are Data Science Bootcamps? 

Data science boot camps are intensive, short-term programs that teach students the skills they need to become data scientists. These programs typically cover topics such as data wrangling, statistical inference, machine learning, and Python programming. 

  • Short-term: Bootcamps typically last for 3-6 months, which is much shorter than traditional college degrees. 
  • Flexible: Bootcamps can be completed online or in person, and they often offer part-time and full-time options. 
  • Practical experience: Bootcamps typically include a capstone project, which gives students the opportunity to apply the skills they have learned. 
  • Industry-focused: Bootcamps are taught by industry experts, and they often have partnerships with companies that are hiring data scientists. 

Top 10 Data Science Bootcamps

Without further ado, here is our selection of the most reputable data science boot camps.  

1. Data Science Dojo Data Science Bootcamp

  • Delivery Format: Online and In-person
  • Tuition: $2,659 to $4,500
  • Duration: 16 weeks
Data Science Dojo Bootcamp
Data Science Dojo Bootcamp

Data Science Dojo Bootcamp is an excellent choice for aspiring data scientists. With 1:1 mentorship and live instructor-led sessions, it offers a supportive learning environment. The program is beginner-friendly, requiring no prior experience. Easy installments with 0% interest options make it the top affordable choice. Rated as an impressive 4.96, Data Science Dojo Bootcamp stands out among its peers. Students learn key data science topics, work on real-world projects, and connect with potential employers. Moreover, it prioritizes a business-first approach that combines theoretical knowledge with practical, hands-on projects. With a team of instructors who possess extensive industry experience, students have the opportunity to receive personalized support during dedicated office hours.

2. Springboard Data Science Bootcamp

  • Delivery Format: Online
  • Tuition: $14,950
  • Duration: 12 months long
Springboard Data Science Bootcamp
Springboard Data Science Bootcamp

Springboard’s Data Science Bootcamp is a great option for students who want to learn data science skills and land a job in the field. The program is offered online, so students can learn at their own pace and from anywhere in the world. The tuition is high, but Springboard offers a job guarantee, which means that if you don’t land a job in data science within six months of completing the program, you’ll get your money back.

3. Flatiron School Data Science Bootcamp

  • Delivery Format: Online or On-campus (currently online only)
  • Tuition: $15,950 (full-time) or $19,950 (flexible)
  • Duration: 15 weeks long
Flatiron School Data Science Bootcamp
Flatiron School Data Science Bootcamp

Next on the list, we have Flatiron School’s Data Science Bootcamp. The program is 15 weeks long for the full-time program and can take anywhere from 20 to 60 weeks to complete for the flexible program.
Students have access to a variety of resources, including online forums, a community, and one-on-one mentorship.

4. Coding Dojo Data Science Bootcamp Online Part-Time

  • Delivery Format: Online
  • Tuition: $11,745 to $13,745
  • Duration: 16 to 20 weeks
Coding Dojo Data Science Bootcamp Online Part-Time
Coding Dojo Data Science Bootcamp Online Part-Time

Coding Dojo’s online bootcamp is open to students with any background and does not require a four-year degree or Python programming experience. Students can choose to focus on either data science and machine learning in Python or data science and visualization. It offers flexible learning options, real-world projects, and a strong alumni network. However, it does not guarantee a job, requires some prior knowledge, and is time-consuming.

5. CodingNomads Data Science and Machine Learning Course

  • Delivery Format: Online
  • Tuition: Membership: $9/month, Premium Membership: $29/month, Mentorship: $899/month
  • Duration: Self-paced
CodingNomads Data Science Course
CodingNomads Data Science Course

CodingNomads offers a data science and machine learning course that is affordable, flexible, and comprehensive. The course is available in three different formats: membership, premium membership, and mentorship. The membership format is self-paced and allows students to work through the modules at their own pace. The premium membership format includes access to live Q&A sessions. The mentorship format includes one-on-one instruction from an experienced data scientist. CodingNomads also offers scholarships to local residents and military students.

6. Udacity School of Data Science

  • Delivery Format: Online
  • Tuition: $399/month
  • Duration: Depends on the program
Udacity School of Data Science
Udacity School of Data Science

Udacity offers multiple data science bootcamps, including data science for business leaders, data project managers and more. It offers frequent start dates throughout the year for its data science programs. These programs are self-paced and involve real-world projects and technical mentor support. Students can also receive LinkedIn profile and GitHub portfolio reviews from Udacity’s career services. However, it is important to note that there is no job guarantee, so students should be prepared to put in the work to find a job after completing the program.

7. LearningFuze Data Science Bootcamp

  • Delivery Format: Online and in person
  • Tuition: $5,995 per module
  • Duration: Multiple formats
LearningFuze Data Science Bootcamp
LearningFuze Data Science Bootcamp

LearningFuze offers a data science boot camp through a strategic partnership with Concordia University Irvine. Offering students the choice of live online or in-person instruction, the program gives students ample opportunities to interact one-on-one with their instructors. LearningFuze also offers partial tuition refunds to students who are unable to find a job within six months of graduation.

The program’s curriculum includes modules in machine learning and deep learning and artificial intelligence. However, it is essential to note that there are no scholarships available, and the program does not accept the GI Bill.

8. Thinkful Data Science Bootcamp

  • Delivery Format: Online
  • Tuition: $16,950
  • Duration: 6 months
Thinkful Data Science Bootcamp
Thinkful Data Science Bootcamp

Thinkful offers a data science boot camp which is best known for its mentorship program. It caters to both part-time and full-time students. Part-time offers flexibility with 20-30 hours per week, taking 6 months to finish. Full-time is accelerated at 50 hours per week, completing in 5 months. Payment plans, tuition refunds, and scholarships are available for all students. The program has no prerequisites, so both fresh graduates and experienced professionals can take this program.

9. Brain Station Data Science Course Online

  • Delivery Format: Online
  • Tuition: $9,500 (part time); $16,000 (full time)
  • Duration: 10 weeks
Brain Station Data Science Course Online
Brain Station Data Science Course Online

BrainStation offers an immersive and hands-on data science boot camp that is both comprehensive and affordable. Industry experts teach the program and includes real-world projects and assignments. BrainStation has a strong job placement rate, with over 90% of graduates finding jobs within six months of completing the program. However, the program is expensive and can be demanding. Students should carefully consider their financial situation and time commitment before enrolling in the program.

10. BloomTech Data Science Bootcamp

  • Delivery Format: Online
  • Tuition: $19,950
  • Duration: 6 months
BloomTech Data Science Bootcamp
BloomTech Data Science Bootcamp

BloomTech offers a data science bootcamp covers a wide range of topics, including statistics, predictive modeling, data engineering, machine learning, and Python programming. BloomTech also offers a 4-week fellowship at a real company, which gives students the opportunity to gain work experience. BloomTech has a strong job placement rate, with over 90% of graduates finding jobs within six months of completing the program. The program is expensive and requires a significant time commitment, but it is also very rewarding.

What to expect in a data science bootcamp?

A data science bootcamp is a short-term, intensive program that teaches you the fundamentals of data science. While the curriculum may be comprehensive, it cannot cover the entire field of data science.

Therefore, it is important to have realistic expectations about what you can learn in a bootcamp. Here are some of the things you can expect to learn in a data science bootcamp:

  • Data science concepts: This includes topics such as statistics, machine learning, and data visualization.
  • Hands-on projects: You will have the opportunity to work on real-world data science projects. This will give you the chance to apply what you have learned in the classroom.
  • A portfolio: You will build a portfolio of your work, which you can use to demonstrate your skills to potential employers.
  • Mentorship: You will have access to mentors who can help you with your studies and career development.
  • Career services: Bootcamps typically offer career services, such as resume writing assistance and interview preparation.

Wrapping up

All and all, data science bootcamps can be a great way to learn the fundamentals of data science and gain the skills you need to launch a career in this field. If you are considering a boot camp, be sure to do your research and choose a program that is right for you.

Saptarshi Sen
| June 7, 2023

The digital age has resulted in the generation of enormous amounts of data daily, ranging from social media interactions to online shopping habits. It is estimated that every day, 2.5 quintillion bytes of data are created. Although this may seem daunting, it provides an opportunity to gain valuable insights into consumer behavior, patterns, and trends.

Big data and data science in the digital age
Big data and data science in the digital age

This is where data science plays a crucial role. In this article, we will delve into the fascinating realm of Data Science and examine why it is fast becoming one of the most in-demand professions. 

What is data science? 

Data Science is a field that encompasses various disciplines, including statistics, machine learning, and data analysis techniques to extract valuable insights and knowledge from data. The primary aim is to make sense of the vast amounts of data generated daily by combining statistical analysis, programming, and data visualization.

It is divided into three primary areas: data preparation, data modeling, and data visualization. Data preparation entails organizing and cleaning the data, while data modeling involves creating predictive models using algorithms. Finally, data visualization involves presenting data in a way that is easily understandable and interpretable. 

Importance of data science 

The application is not limited to just one industry or field. It can be applied in a wide range of areas, from finance and marketing to sports and entertainment. For example, in the finance industry, it is used to develop investment strategies and detect fraudulent transactions. In marketing, it is used to identify target audiences and personalize marketing campaigns. In sports, it is used to analyze player performance and develop game strategies.

It is a critical field that plays a significant role in unlocking the power of big data in today’s digital age. With the vast amount of data being generated every day, companies and organizations that utilize data science techniques to extract insights and knowledge from data are more likely to succeed and gain a competitive advantage. 

Skills required for data science 

It is a multi-faceted field that necessitates a range of competencies in statistics, programming, and data visualization.

Proficiency in statistical analysis is essential for Data Scientists to detect patterns and trends in data. Additionally, expertise in programming languages like Python or R is required to handle large data sets. Data Scientists must also have the ability to present data in an easily understandable format through data visualization.

A sound understanding of machine learning algorithms is also crucial for developing predictive models. Effective communication skills are equally important for Data Scientists to convey their findings to non-technical stakeholders clearly and concisely. 

If you are planning to add value to your data science skillset, check out ourPython for Data Sciencetraining.  

What are the initial steps to begin a career in Data Science? 

To start a  career, it is crucial to establish a solid foundation in statistics, programming, and data visualization. This can be achieved through online courses and programs, such as data. To begin a career in data science, there are several initial steps you can take:

  • Gain a strong foundation in mathematics and statistics: A solid understanding of mathematical concepts such as linear algebra, calculus, and probability is essential in data science.
  • Learn programming languages: Familiarize yourself with programming languages commonly used in data science, such as Python or R.
  • Acquire knowledge of machine learning: Understand different algorithms and techniques used for predictive modeling, classification, and clustering.
  • Develop data manipulation and analysis skills: Gain proficiency in using libraries and tools like pandas and SQL to manipulate, preprocess, and analyze data effectively.
  • Practice with real-world projects: Work on practical projects that involve solving data-related problems.
  • Stay updated and continue learning: Engage in continuous learning through online courses, books, tutorials, and participating in data science communities.

Science training courses 

To further develop your skills and gain exposure to the community, consider joining Data Science communities and participating in competitions. Building a portfolio of projects can also help showcase your abilities to potential employers. Lastly, seeking internships can provide valuable hands-on experience and allow you to tackle real-world Data Science challenges. 


The significance cannot be overstated, as it has the potential to bring about substantial changes in the way organizations operate and make decisions. However, this field demands a distinct blend of competencies, such as expertise in statistics, programming, and data visualization 

12 essential SQL concepts for data scientists: Tips and examples
Ayesha Saleem
| April 24, 2023

SQL (Structured Query Language) is an important tool for data scientists. It is a programming language used to manipulate data stored in relational databases. Mastering SQL concepts allows a data scientist to quickly analyze large amounts of data and make decisions based on their findings. Here are some essential SQL concepts that every data scientist should know:

First, understanding the syntax of SQL statements is essential in order to retrieve, modify or delete information from databases. For example, statements like SELECT and WHERE can be used to identify specific columns and rows within the database that need attention. A good knowledge of these commands can help a data scientist perform complex operations with ease.

Second, developing an understanding of database relationships such as one-to-one or many-to-many is also important for a data scientist working with SQL.

Here’s an interesting read about Top 10 SQL commands

Let’s dive into some of the key SQL concepts that are important to learn for a data scientist.  

1. Formatting Strings

We are all aware that cleaning up the raw data is necessary to improve productivity overall and produce high-quality decisions. In this case, string formatting is crucial and entails editing the strings to remove superfluous information. For transforming and manipulating strings, SQL provides a large variety of string methods. When combining two or more strings, CONCAT is utilized. The user-defined values that are frequently required in data science can be substituted for the null values using COALESCE. Tiffany Payne  

2. Stored Methods

We can save several SQL statements in our database for later use thanks to stored procedures. When invoked, it allows for reusability and has the ability to accept argument values. It improves performance and makes modifications simpler to implement. For instance, we’re attempting to identify all A-graded students with majors in data science. Keep in mind that CREATE PROCEDURE must be invoked using EXEC in order to be executed, exactly like the function definition. Paul Somerville 

3. Joins

Based on the logical relationship between the tables, SQL joins are used to merge the rows from various tables. In an inner join, only the rows from both tables that satisfy the specified criteria are displayed. In terms of vocabulary, it can be described as an intersection. The list of pupils who have signed up for sports is returned. Sports ID and Student registration ID are identical, please take note. Left Join returns every record from the LEFT table, while Right Join only shows the matching entries from the RIGHT table. Hamza Usmani 

4. Subqueries

Knowing how to utilize subqueries is crucial for data scientists because they frequently work with several tables and can use the results of one query to further limit the data in the primary query. The nested or inner query is another name for it. The subquery is conducted before the main query and needs to be surrounded in parenthesis. It is referred to as a multi-line subquery and requires the use of multi-line operators if it returns more than one row. Tiffany Payne 

5. Left Joins vs Inner Joins

It’s easy to confuse left joins and inner joins, especially for those who are still getting their feet wet with SQL or haven’t touched the language in a while. Make sure that you have a complete understanding of how the various joins produce unique outputs. You will likely be asked to do some kind of join in a significant number of interview questions, and in certain instances, the difference between a correct response and an incorrect one will depend on which option you pick. Tom Miller 

6. Manipulation of dates and times

There will most likely be some kind of SQL query using date-time data, and you should prepare for it. For instance, one of your tasks can be to organize the data into groups according to the months or to change the format of a variable from DD-MM-YYYY to only the month. You should be familiar with the following functions:


Olivia Tonks 

7. Procedural Data Storage 

Using stored procedures, we can compile a series of SQL commands into a single object in the database and call it whenever we need it. It allows for reusability and when invoked, can take in values for its parameters. It improves efficiency and makes it simple to implement new features. Using this method, we can identify the students with the highest GPAs who have declared a particular major. One goal is to identify all A-students whose major is Data Science. It’s important to remember that, like a function declaration, calling a CREATE PROCEDURE with EXEC is necessary for the procedure to be executed. Nely Mihaylova 

8. Connecting SQL to Python or R 

A developer who is fluent in a statistical language, like Python or R, may quickly and easily use the packages of
language to construct machine learning models on a massive dataset stored in a relational database management system. A programmer’s employment prospects will improve dramatically if they are fluent in both these statistical languages and SQL. Data analysis, dataset preparation, interactive visualizations, and more may all be accomplished in SQL Server with the help of Python or R. Rene Delgado  

9. Features of windows

In order to apply aggregate and ranking functions over a specific window, window functions are used (set of rows). When defining a window with a function, the OVER clause is utilized. The OVER clause serves dual purposes:

– Separates rows into groups (PARTITION BY clause is used).
– Sorts the rows inside those partitions into a specified order (ORDER BY clause is used).
– Aggregate window functions refer to the application of aggregate
functions like SUM(), COUNT(), AVERAGE(), MAX(), and MIN() over a specific window (set of rows). Tom Hamilton Stubber  

10. The emergence of Quantum ML

With the use of quantum computing, more advanced artificial intelligence and machine learning models might be created. Despite the fact that true quantum computing is still a long way off, things are starting to shift as a result of the cloud-based quantum computing tools and simulations provided by Microsoft, Amazon, and IBM. Combining ML and quantum computing has the potential to greatly benefit enterprises by enabling them to take on problems that are currently insurmountable. Steve Pogson 

11. Predicates

Predicates occur from your WHERE, HAVING, and JOIN clauses. They limit the amount of data that has to be processed to run your query. If you say SELECT DISTINCT customer_name FROM customers WHERE signup_date = TODAY() that’s probably a much smaller query than if you run it without the WHERE clause because, without it, we’re selecting every customer that ever signed up!

Data science sometimes involves some big datasets. Without good predicates, your queries will take forever and cost a ton on the infra bill! Different data warehouses are designed differently, and data architects and engineers make different decisions about to lay out the data for the best performance. Knowing the basics of your data warehouse, and how the tables you’re using are laid out, will help you write good predicates that save your company a lot of money during the year, and just as importantly, make your queries run much faster.

For example, a query that runs quickly but simply touches a huge amount of data in Bigquery can be really expensive if you’re using on-demand pricing which scales with the amount of data touched by the query. The same query can be really cheap if you’re using Bigquery’s Flat-rate pricing or Snowflake, both of which are affected by how long your query takes to run, not how much data is fed into it. Kyle Kirwan 

12. Query Syntax

This is what makes SQL so powerful and much easier than coding individual statements for every task we want to complete when extracting data from a database. Every query starts with one or more clauses such as SELECT, FROM, or WHERE – each clause gives us different capabilities; SELECT allows us to define which columns we’d like returned in the results set; FROM indicates which table name(s) we should get our data from; WHERE allows us to specify conditions that rows must meet for them to be included in our result set etcetera! Understanding how all these clauses work together will help you write more effective and efficient queries quickly, allowing you to do better analysis faster! John Smith 

Elevate your business with essential SQL concepts 

AI and machine learning, which have been rapidly emerging, are quickly becoming one of the top trends in technology. Developments in AI and machine learning are being seen all over the world, from big businesses to small startups.

Businesses utilizing these two technologies are able to create smarter systems for their customers and employees, allowing them to make better decisions faster.

These advancements in artificial intelligence and machine learning are helping companies reach new heights with their products or services by providing them with more data to help inform decision-making processes.

Additionally, AI and machine learning can be used to automate mundane tasks that take up valuable time. This could mean more efficient customer service or even automated marketing campaigns that drive sales growth through
real-time analysis of consumer behavior. Rajesh Namase

Discover the power of Python for data science with Data Science Dojo
Ayesha Saleem
| April 4, 2023

Are you interested in learning Python for Data Science? Look no further than Data Science Dojo’s Introduction to Python for Data Science course. This instructor-led live training course is designed for individuals who want to learn how to use Python to perform data analysis, visualization, and manipulation. 

Python is a powerful programming language used in data science, machine learning, and artificial intelligence. It is a versatile language that is easy to learn and has a wide range of applications. In this course, you will learn the basics of Python programming and how to use it for data analysis and visualization. 

Learn the basics of Python programming and how to use it for data analysis and visualization in Data Science Dojo’s Introduction to Python for Data Science course. This instructor-led live training course is designed for individuals who want to learn how to use Python to perform data analysis, visualization, and manipulation. 

Why learn Python for data science? 

Python is a popular language for data science because it is easy to learn and use. It has a large community of developers who contribute to open-source libraries that make data analysis and visualization more accessible. Python is also an interpreted language, which means that you can write and run code without the need for a compiler. 

Python has a wide range of applications in data science, including: 

  • Data analysis: Python is used to analyze data from various sources such as databases, CSV files, and APIs. 
  • Data visualization: Python has several libraries that can be used to create interactive and informative visualizations of data. 
  • Machine learning: Python has several libraries for machine learning, such as scikit-learn and TensorFlow. 
  • Web scraping: Python is used to extract data from websites and APIs.
Python for data science
Python for Data Science – Data Science Dojo

Python for Data Science Course Outline 

Data Science Dojo’s Introduction to Python for Data Science course covers the following topics: 

  • Introduction to Python: Learn the basics of Python programming, including data types, control structures, and functions. 
  • NumPy: Learn how to use the NumPy library for numerical computing in Python. 
  • Pandas: Learn how to use the Pandas library for data manipulation and analysis. 
  • Data visualization: Learn how to use the Matplotlib and Seaborn libraries for data visualization. 
  • Machine learning: Learn the basics of machine learning in Python using sci-kit-learn. 
  • Web scraping: Learn how to extract data from websites using Python. 
  • Project: Apply your knowledge to a real-world Python project. 

Python is an important programming language in the data science field and learning it can have significant benefits for data scientists. Here are some key points and reasons to learn Python for data science, specifically from Data Science Dojo’s instructor-led live training program:

  • Python is easy to learn: Compared to other programming languages, Python has a simpler and more intuitive syntax, making it easier to learn and use for beginners. 
  • Python is widely used: Python has become the preferred language for data science and is used extensively in the industry by companies such as Google, Facebook, and Amazon. 
  • Large community: The Python community is large and active, making it easy to get help and support. 
  • A comprehensive set of libraries: Python has a comprehensive set of libraries specifically designed for data science, such as NumPy, Pandas, Matplotlib, and Scikit-learn, making data analysis easier and more efficient. 
  • Versatile: Python is a versatile language that can be used for a wide range of tasks, from data cleaning and analysis to machine learning and deep learning. 
  • Job opportunities: As more and more companies adopt Python for data science, there is a growing demand for professionals with Python skills, leading to more job opportunities in the field. 

Data Science Dojo’s instructor-led live training program provides a structured and hands-on learning experience to master Python for data science. The program covers the fundamentals of
Python programming, data cleaning and analysis, machine learning, and deep learning, equipping learners with the necessary skills to solve real-world data science problems.  

By enrolling in the program, learners can benefit from personalized instruction, hands-on practice, and collaboration with peers, making the learning process more effective and efficient 

Some common questions asked about the course 

  • What are the prerequisites for the course? 

The course is designed for individuals with little to no programming experience. However, some familiarity with programming concepts such as variables, functions, and control structures is helpful. 

  • What is the format of the course? 

The course is an instructor-led live training course. You will attend live online classes with a qualified instructor who will guide you through the course material and answer any questions you may have. 

  • How long is the course? 

The course is four days long, with each day consisting of six hours of instruction. 


If you’re interested in learning Python for Data Science, Data Science Dojo’s Introduction to Python for Data Science course is an excellent place to start. This course will provide you with a solid foundation in Python programming and teach you how to use Python for data analysis, visualization, and manipulation.  

With its instructor-led live training format, you’ll have the opportunity to learn from an experienced instructor and interact with other students. Enroll today and start your journey to becoming a data scientist with Python.

register now

Discover the power of Python for data science: A 6-step roadmap for beginners
Ali Haider Shalwani
| March 8, 2023

Python has become a popular programming language in the data science community due to its simplicity, flexibility, and wide range of libraries and tools. With its powerful data manipulation and analysis capabilities, Python has emerged as the language of choice for data scientists, machine learning engineers, and analysts.    

By learning Python, you can effectively clean and manipulate data, create visualizations, and build machine-learning models. It also has a strong community with a wealth of online resources and support, making it easier for beginners to learn and get started.   

This blog will navigate your path via a detailed roadmap along with a few useful resources that can help you get started with it.   

Python Roadmap for Data Science Beginners
              Python Roadmap for Data Science Beginners – Data Science Dojo

Step 1. Learn the basics of Python programming  

Before you start with data science, it’s essential to have a solid understanding of its programming concepts. Learn about basic syntax, data types, control structures, functions, and modules.  

Step 2. Familiarize yourself with essential data science libraries   

Once you have a good grasp of Python programming, start with essential data science libraries like NumPy, Pandas, and Matplotlib. These libraries will help you with data manipulation, data analysis, and visualization.   

This blog lists some of the top Python libraries for data science that can help you get started.  

Step 3. Learn statistics and mathematics  

To analyze and interpret data correctly, it’s crucial to have a fundamental understanding of statistics and mathematics.   This short video tutorial can help you to get started with probability.   

Additionally, we have listed some useful statistics and mathematics books that can guide your way, do check them out!  

Step 4. Dive into machine learning  

Start with the basics of machine learning and work your way up to advanced topics. Learn about supervised and unsupervised learning, classification, regression, clustering, and more.   

This detailed machine-learning roadmap can get you started with this step.   

Step 5. Work on projects  

Apply your knowledge by working on real-world data science projects. This will help you gain practical experience and also build your portfolio. Here are some Python project ideas you must try out!  

Step 6. Keep up with the latest trends and developments 

Data science is a rapidly evolving field, and it’s essential to stay up to date with the latest developments. Join data science communities, read blogs, attend conferences and workshops, and continue learning.  

Our weekly and monthly data science newsletters can help you stay updated with the top trends in the industry and useful data science & AI resources, you can subscribe here.   

Additional resources   

  1. Learn how to read and index time series data using Pandas package and how to build, predict or forecast an ARIMA time series model using Python’s statsmodels package with this free course. 
  2. Explore this list of top packages and learn how to use them with this short blog. 
  3. Check out our YouTube channel for Python & data science tutorials and crash courses, it can surely navigate your way.

By following these steps, you’ll have a solid foundation in Python programming and data science concepts, making it easier for you to pursue a career in data science or related fields.   

For an in-depth introduction do check out our Python for Data Science training, it can help you learn the programming language for data analysis, analytics, machine learning, and data engineering. 

Wrapping up

In conclusion, Python has become the go-to programming language in the data science community due to its simplicity, flexibility, and extensive range of libraries and tools.

To become a proficient data scientist, one must start by learning the basics of Python programming, familiarizing themselves with essential data science libraries, understanding statistics and mathematics, diving into machine learning, working on projects, and keeping up with the latest trends and developments.

With the numerous online resources and support available, learning Python and data science concepts has become easier for beginners. By following these steps and utilizing the additional resources, one can have a solid foundation in Python programming and data science concepts, making it easier to pursue a career in data science or related fields.

Introducing the trio of software development, project management, and data science
Seif Sekalala
| January 24, 2023

In this blog post, the author introduces the new blog series about the titular three main disciplines or knowledge domains of software development, project management, and data science. Amidst the mercurial evolving global digital economy, how can job-seekers harness the lucrative value of those fields–esp. data science, vis-a-vis improving their employability?



To help us launch this blog series, I will gladly divulge two embarrassing truths. These are: 

  1. Despite my marked love of LinkedIn, and despite my decent / above-average levels of general knowledge, I cannot keep up with the ever-changing statistics or news reports vis-a-vis whether–at any given time, the global economy is favorable to job-seekers, or to employers, or is at equilibrium for all parties–i.e., governments, employers, and workers.
  2. Despite having rightfully earned those fancy three letters after my name, as well as a post-graduate certificate from the U. New Mexico & DS-Dojo, I (used to think I) hate math, or I (used to think I) cannot learn math; not even if my life depended on it!



Following my undergraduate years of college algebra and basic discrete math–and despite my hatred of mathematics since 2nd grade (chief culprit: multiplication tables!), I had fallen in love (head-over-heels indeed!) with the interdisciplinary field of research methods. And sure, I had lucked out in my Masters (of Arts in Communication Studies) program, as I only had to take the qualitative methods course.


Data Science Blog Series
A Venn-diagram depicting the disciplines/knowledge-domains of the new blog series.


But our instructor couldn’t really teach us about interpretive methods, ethnography, and qualitative interviewing etc., without at least “touching” on quantitative interviewing/surveys, quantitative data-analysis–e.g. via word counts, content-analysis, etc.

Fast-forward; year: 2012. Place: Drexel University–in Philadelphia, for my Ph.D. program (in Communication, Culture, and Media). This time, I had to face the dreaded mathematics/statistics monster. And I did, but grudgingly.

Let’s just get this over with, I naively thought; after all, besides passing this pesky required pre-qualifying exam course, who needs stats?!


About software development:

Fast-forward again; year: 2020. Place(s): Union, NJ and Wenzhou, Zhejiang Province; Hays, KS; and Philadelphia all over again. Five years after earning the Ph.D., I had to reckon with an unfair job loss, and chaotic seesaw-moves between China and the USA, and Philadelphia and Kansas, etc. 

Thus, one thing led to another, and soon enough, I was practicing algorithms and data-structures, learning about the basic “trouble-trio” of web-development–i.e., HTML, CSS, and JavaScript, etc.! 


Read more about Programming Languages


But like many other folks who try this route, I soon came face-to-face with that oh-so-debilitative monster: self-doubt! No way, I thought. I’m NOT cut out to be a software-engineer! I thus dropped out of the bootcamp I had enrolled in and continued my search for a suitable “plan-B” career.


About project management:

Eventually (around mid/late-2021), I discovered the interdisciplinary field of project management. Simply defined (e.g. by Te Wu, 2020; link), project management is

“A time-limited, purpose-driven, and often unique endeavor to create an outcome, service, product, or deliverable.”

One can also break down the constituent conceptual parts of the field (e.g. as defined by Belinda Goodrich, 2021; link) as: 

  • Project life cycle, 
  • Integration, 
  • Scope, 
  • Schedule, 
  • Cost, 
  • Quality, 
  • Resources, 
  • Communications, 
  • Risk, 
  • Procurement, 
  • Stakeholders, and 
  • Professional responsibility / ethics. 


Ah…yes! I had found my sweet spot, indeed. or, so I thought. 


Hard truths:

Eventually, I experienced a series of events that can be termed “slow-motion epiphanies” and hard truths. Among many, below are three prime examples.


Hard Truth 1: The quantifiability of life:

For instance, among other “random” models: one can generally presume–with about 95% certainty (ahem!)–that most of the phenomena we experience in life can be categorized under three broad classes:


  1. Phenomena we can easily describe and order, using names (nominal variables);
  2. Phenomena we can easily group or measure in discrete and evenly-spaced amounts (ordinal variables);
  3. And phenomena that we can measure more accurately, and which: i)–is characterized by trait number two above, and ii)–has a true 0 (e.g., Wrench et Al; link).


Hard Truth 2: The probabilistic essence of life:

Regardless of our spiritual beliefs, or whether or not we hate math/science, etc., we can safely presume that the universe we live in is more or less a result of probabilistic processes (e.g., Feynman, 2013). 


Hard truth 3: What was that? “Show you the money (!),” you demanded? Sure! But first, show me your quantitative literacy, and critical-thinking skills!

And finally, related to both the above realizations: while it is true indeed that there are no guarantees in life, we can nonetheless safely presume that professionals can improve their marketability by demonstrating their critical-thinking-, as well as quantitative literacy skills.


Bottomline; The value of data science:

Overall, the above three hard truths are prototypical examples of the underlying rationale(s) for this blog series. Each week, DS-Dojo will present our readers with some “food for thought” vis-a-vis how to harness the priceless value of data science and various other software-development and project-management skills / (sub-)topics. 


No, dear reader; please do not be fooled by that “OmG, AI is replacing us (!)” fallacy. Regardless of how “awesome” all these new fancy AI tools are, the human touch is indispensable!

Mastering Exploratory Data Analysis (EDA): A comprehensive guide
Shehryar Mallick
| January 21, 2023

In this blog, we will discuss exploratory data analysis, also known as EDA, and why it is important. We will also be sharing code snippets so you can try out different analysis techniques yourself. So, without any further ado let’s dive right in. 

What is Exploratory Data Analysis (EDA)? 

“The greatest value of a picture is when it forces us to notice what we never expected to see.”  John Tukey, American Mathematician 

A core skill to possess for someone who aims to pursue data science, data analysis or affiliated fields as a career is exploratory data analysis (EDA). To put it simply, the goal of EDA is to discover underlying patterns, structures, and trends in the datasets and drive meaningful insights from them that would help in driving important business decisions. 

The data analysis process enables analysts to gain insights into the data that can inform further analysis, modeling, and hypothesis testing.  

EDA is an iterative process of conglomerative activities which include data cleaning, manipulation and visualization. These activities together help in generating hypotheses, identifying potential data cleaning issues, and informing the choice of models or modeling techniques for further analysis. The results of EDA can be used to improve the quality of the data, to gain a deeper understanding of the data, and to make informed decisions about which techniques or models to use for the next steps in the data analysis process. 

Often it is assumed that EDA is to be performed only at the start of the data analysis process, however the reality is in contrast to this popular misconception, as stated EDA is an iterative process and can be revisited numerous times throughout the analysis life cycle if need may arise.  

In this blog while highlighting the importance and different renowned techniques of EDA we will also show you examples with code so you can try them out yourselves and better comprehend what this interesting skill is all about. 


Note: the dataset used for this purpose can be found at: https://www.kaggle.com/datasets/raniahelmy/no-show-investigate-dataset  

Want to see some exciting visuals that we can create from this dataset? DSD got you covered! Visit the link  

Importance of EDA: 

One of the key advantages of EDA is that it allows you to develop a deeper understanding of your data before you begin modelling or building more formal, inferential models. This can help you identify  

  • Important variables,  
  • Understand the relationships between variables, and  
  • Identify potential issues with the data, such as missing values, outliers, or other problems that might affect the accuracy of your models. 

Another advantage of EDA is that it helps in generating new insights which may incur associated hypotheses, those hypotheses then can be tested and explored to gain a better understanding of the dataset. 

Finally, EDA helps you uncover hidden patterns in a dataset that were not comprehensible to the naked eye, these patterns often lead to interesting factors that one couldn’t even think would affect the target variable. 

Want to start your EDA journey, well you can always get yourself registered at Data Science Bootcamp.  

Common EDA techniques: 

The technique you employ for EDA is intertwined with the task at hand, many times you would not require implementing all the techniques, on the other hand there would be times that you’ll need accumulation of the techniques to gain valuable insights. To familiarize you with a few we have listed some of the popular techniques that would help you in EDA. 


One of the most popular and effective ways to explore data is through visualization. Some popular types of visualizations include histograms, pie charts, scatter plots, box plots and much more. These can help you understand the distribution of your data, identify patterns, and detect outliers. 

Below are a few examples on how you can use visualization aspect of EDA to your advantage: 


The histogram is a kind of visualization that shows the frequencies of each category in a dataset. 

Data- Histogram


The above graph shows us the number of responses belonging to different age groups and they have been partitioned based on how many came to the appointment and how many did not show up. 

Pie Chart: 

A pie chart is a circular image, it is usually used for a single feature to indicate how the data of that feature are distributed, commonly represented in percentages. 

Pie chart- Data

Pie chart
Pie Chart


The pie chart shows the distribution that 20.2% of the total data comprises of individuals who did not show up for the appointment while 79.8% of individuals did show up. 

Box Plot: 

Box plot is also an important kind of visualization that is used to check how the data is distributed, it shows the five number summary of the dataset, which is quite useful in many aspects such as checking if the data is skewed, or detecting the outliers etc.  

box plot - data

Box plot
Box Plot


The box plot shows the distribution of the Age column, segregated on the basis of individuals who showed and did not show up for the appointments. 

Descriptive statistics:  

Descriptive statistics are a set of tools for summarizing data in a way that is easy to understand. Some common descriptive statistics include mean, median, mode, standard deviation, and quartiles. These can provide a quick overview of the data and can help identify the central tendency and spread of the data.

data frame - descriptive statistics

descriptive statistics
Descriptive statistics


Grouping and aggregating:  

One way to explore a dataset is by grouping the data by one or more variables, and then aggregating the data by calculating summary statistics. This can be useful for identifying patterns and trends in the data. 

groupby - data

grouping and aggregation of data
Grouping and Aggregation of Data


Data cleaning:  

Exploratory data analysis also includes cleaning data, it may be necessary to handle missing values, outliers, or other data issues before proceeding with further analysis.  

data cleaning - data frame Data Cleaning


As you can see, fortunately this dataset did not have any missing value. 

Correlation analysis: 

Correlation analysis is a technique for understanding the relationship between two or more variables. You can use correlation analysis to determine the degree of association between variables, and whether the relationship is positive or negative. 

correlation analysis - data frame

correlation analysis
Correlation Analysis

The heatmap indicates to what extent different features are correlated to each other, with 1 being highly correlated and 0 being no correlation at all. 

Types of EDA: 

There are a few different types of exploratory data analysis (EDA) that are commonly used, depending on the nature of the data and the goals of the analysis. Here are a few examples: 

Univariate EDA:  

Univariate EDA, short for univariate exploratory data analysis, examines the properties of a single variable by techniques such as histograms, statistics of central tendency and dispersion, and outliers detection. This approach helps understand the basic features of the variable and uncover patterns or trends in the data. 

Pie 2 - data frame

Alcoholism - pie chart
Alcoholism – Pie Chart


The pie chart indicates what percentage of individuals from the total data are identified as alcoholic. 

data frame alcoholism

alcoholism data
Alcoholism data

Bivariate EDA:  

This type of EDA is used to analyse the relationship between two variables. It includes techniques such as creating scatter plots and calculating correlation coefficients and can help you understand how two variables are related to each other.
bivariate data frame

Bivariate data chart
Bivariate data chart


The bar chart shows what percentage of individuals are alcoholic or not and whether they showed up for the appointment or not. 

Multivariate EDA:  

This type of EDA is used to analyze the relationships between three or more variables. It can include techniques such as creating multivariate plots, running factor analysis, or using dimensionality reduction techniques such as PCA to identify patterns and structure in the data.

Multivariate data frame

Multivariate data chart
Multivariate data chart

The above visualization is distplot of kind, bar, it shows what percentage of individuals belong to one of the possible four combinations diabetes and hypertension, moreover they are segregated on the basis of gender and whether they showed up for appointment or not.  

Time-series EDA:  

This type of EDA is used to understand patterns and trends in data that are collected over time, such as stock prices or weather patterns. It may include techniques such as line plots, decomposition, and forecasting. 

time series data frame

Time series data chart
Time Series Data Chart


This kind of chart helps us gain insight of the time when most appointments were scheduled to happen, as you can see around 80k appointments were made for the month of May.

Spatial EDA:  

This type of EDA deals with data that have a geographic component, such as data from GPS or satellite imagery. It can include techniques such as creating choropleth maps, density maps, and heat maps to visualize patterns and relationships in the data.

Spatial data frame

Spatial data chart
Spatial data chart


In the above map, the size of the bubble indicates the number of appointments booked in a particular neighborhood while the hue indicates the percentage of individuals who did not show up for the appointment.  

Popular libraries for EDA: 

Following is a list of popular libraries that python has to offer which you can use for Exploratory Data Analysis.   

  1. Pandas: This library offers efficient, adaptable, and clear data structures meant to simplify handling “relational” or “labelled” data. It is a useful tool for manipulating and organizing data. 
  2. NumPy: This library provides functionality for handling large, multi-dimensional arrays and matrices of numerical data. It also offers a comprehensive set of high-level mathematical operations that can be applied to these arrays. It is a dependency for various other libraries, including Pandas, and is considered a foundational package for scientific computing using Python. 
  3. Matplotlib: Matplotlib is a Python library used for creating plots and visualizations, utilizing NumPy. It offers an object-oriented interface for integrating plots into applications using various GUI toolkits such as Tkinter, wxPython, Qt, and GTK. It has a diverse range of options for creating static, animated, and interactive plots. 
  4. Seaborn: This library is built on top of Matplotlib and provides a high-level interface for drawing statistical graphics. It’s designed to make it easy to create beautiful and informative visualizations, with a focus on making it easy to understand complex datasets. 
  5. Plotly: This library is a data visualization tool that creates interactive, web-based plots. It works well with the pandas library and it’s easy to create interactive plots with zoom, hover, and other features. 
  6. Altair: is a declarative statistical visualization library for Python. It allows you to quickly and easily create statistical graphics in a simple, human-readable format. 



In conclusion, Exploratory Data Analysis (EDA) is a crucial skill for data scientists and analysts, which includes data cleaning, manipulation, and visualization to discover underlying patterns and trends in the data. It helps in generating new insights, identifying potential issues and informing the choice of models or techniques for further analysis.

It is an iterative process that can be revisited throughout the data analysis life cycle. Overall, EDA is an important skill that can inform important business decisions and generate valuable insights from data. 


In-person data science bootcamps are returning to Data Science Dojo
Nathan Piccini
| January 20, 2023

Bellevue, Washington (January 11, 2023) – The following statement was released today by Data Science Dojo, through its Marketing Manager Nathan Piccini, in response to questions about future in-person bootcamps: 

“They’re back.” 



Shahid Jamil
| January 19, 2023

In this blog, we will explore some of the difficulties you may face while animating data science and machine learning videos in Adobe After Effects and how to overcome them. 


Debunking the myths of Data Science: Clearing up top 7 misconceptions
Hudaiba Soomro
| January 10, 2023

Data science myths are one of the main obstacles preventing newcomers from joining the field. In this blog, we bust some of the biggest myths shrouding the field. 


The US Bureau of Labor Statistics predicts that data science jobs will grow up to 36% by 2031. There’s a clear market need for the field and its popularity only increases by the day. Despite the overwhelming interest data science has generated, there are many myths preventing new entry into the field.  

data science myths
Top 7 data science myths



Data science myths, at their heart, follow misconceptions about the field at large. So, let’s dive into unveiling these myths. 


1. All data roles are identical 

 It’s a common data science myth that all data roles are the same. So, let’s distinguish between some common data roles – data engineer, data scientist, and data analyst. A data engineer focuses on implementing infrastructure for data acquisition and data transformation to ensure data availability to other roles. 

A data analyst, however, uses data to report any observed trends and patterns to report. Using both the data and the analysis provided by a data engineer and a data analyst, a data scientist works on predictive modeling, distinguishing signals from noise, and deciphering causation from correlation.  

Finally, these are not the only data roles. Other specialized roles such as data architects and business analysts also exist in the field. Hence, a variety of roles exist under the umbrella of data science, catering to a variety of individual skill sets and market needs. 


2. Graduate studies are essential 

 Another myth preventing entry into the data science field is that you need a master’s or Ph.D. degree. This is also completely untrue.  

In busting the last myth, we saw how data science is a diverse field welcoming various backgrounds and skill sets. As such, a Ph.D. or master’s degree is only valuable for specific data science roles. For instance, higher education is useful in pursuing research in data science.  

However, if you’re interested in working on real-life complex data problems using data analytics methods such as deep learning, only knowledge of those methods is necessary. And so, rather than a master’s or Ph.D. degree, acquiring specific valuable skills can come in handier in kickstarting your data science career.  


3. Data scientists will be replaced by artificial intelligence   

As artificial intelligence advances, a common misconception arises that AI will replace all human intelligent labor. This misconception has also found its way into data science forming one of the most popular myths that AI will replace data scientists.  

This is far from the truth because. Today’s AI systems, even the most advanced ones, require human guidance to work. Moreover, the results produced by them are only useful when analyzed and interpreted in the context of real-world phenomena, which requires human input. 

So, even as data science methods head towards automation, it’s data scientists who shape the research questions, devise the analytic procedures to be followed, and lastly, interpret the results.  

Read about: 2023 AI and Machine Learning trends


4. Data scientists are expert coders 

 Being a data scientist does not translate into being an expert programmer! Programming tasks are only one component of the data science field, and these too, vary from one data science subfield to another.  

For example, a business analyst would require a strong understanding of business, and familiarity with visualization tools, while minimal coding knowledge would suffice. At the same time, a machine learning engineer would require extensive knowledge of Python.  

In conclusion, the extent of programming knowledge depends on where you want to work across the broad spectrum of the data science field.  


5. Learning a tool is enough to become a data scientist  

Knowing a particular programming language, or a data visualization tool is not all you need to become a data scientist. While familiarity with tools and programming languages certainly helps, this is not the foundation of what makes a data scientist. 

So, what makes a good data science profile? That, really, is a combination of various skills, both technical and non-technical. On the technical end, there are mathematical concepts, algorithms, data structures, etc. While on the non-technical end there are business skills and understanding of various stakeholders in a particular situation.  

To conclude, a tool can be an excellent way to implement data science skills. However, it isn’t what will teach you the foundations or the problem-solving aspect of data science. 


6. Data scientists only work on predictive modeling 

Another myth! Very few people would know that data scientists spend nearly 80% of their time on data cleaning and transforming before working on data modeling. In fact, bad data is the major cause of productivity levels not being up to par in data science companies. This requires significant focus on producing good quality data in the first place. 

This is especially true when data scientists work on problems involving big data. These problems involve multiple steps of which data cleaning and transformations are key. Similarly, data from multiple sources and raw data can contain junk that needs to be carefully removed so that the model runs smoothly.   

So, unless we find a quick-fix solution to data cleaning and transformation, it’s a total myth that data scientists only work on predictive modeling.  


7. Transitioning to data science is impossible 

Data science is a diverse and versatile field welcoming a multitude of background skill sets. While technical knowledge of algorithms, probability, calculus, and machine learning can be great, non-technical knowledge such as business skills or social sciences can also be useful for a data science career. 

 At its heart, data science involves complex problem solving involving multiple stakeholders. For a data-driven company, a data scientist from a purely technical background could be valuable but so could one from a business background who can better interpret results or shape research questions. 

 And so, it’s a total myth that transitioning to data science from another field is impossible. 


Unleash the power of Data Science: A comprehensive review of Data Science Dojo’s Bootcamp
Seif Sekalala
| January 6, 2023

Get a behind-the-scenes look at Data Science Dojo’s intensive data science Bootcamp. Learn about the course curriculum, instructor quality, and overall experience in our comprehensive review.

“The more I learn, the more I realize what I don’t know”

(A quote by Raja Iqbal, CEO of DS-Dojo)

In our current era, the terms “AI”, “ML”, “analytics”–etc., are indeed THE “buzzwords” du jour. And yes, these interdisciplinary subjects/topics are **very** important, given our ever-increasing computing capabilities, big-data systems, etc. 

The problem, however, is that **very few** folks know how to teach these concepts! But to be fair, teaching in general–even for the easiest subjects–is hard. In any case, **this**–the ability to effectively teach the concepts of data-science–is the genius of DS-Dojo. Raja and his team make these concepts considerably easy to grasp and practice, giving students both a “big picture-,” as well as a minutiae-level understanding of many of the necessary details. 

Learn more about the Data Science Bootcamp course offered by Data Science Dojo

Still, a leery prospective student might wonder if the program is worth their time, effort, and financial resources. In the sections below, I attempt to address this concern, elaborating on some of the unique value propositions of DS-Dojo’s pedagogical methods.

Data Science Bootcamp Review - Data Science Dojo
Data Science Bootcamp Review – Data Science Dojo

The More Things Change

Data Science enthusiasts today might not realize it, but many of the techniques–in their basic or other forms–have been around for decades. Thus, before diving into the details of data-science processes, students are reminded that long before the terms “big data,” AI/ML and others became popularized, various industries had all utilized techniques similar to many of today’s data-science models. These include (among others): insurance, search-engines, online shopping portals, and social networks. 

This exposure helps Data-Science Dojo students consider the numerous creative ways of gathering and using big-data from various sources–i.e. directly from human activities or information, or from digital footprints or byproducts of our use of online technologies.


The big picture of the Data Science Bootcamp

As for the main curriculum contents, first, DS-Dojo students learn the basics of data exploration, processing/cleaning, and engineering. Students are also taught how to tell stories with data. After all, without predictive or prescriptive–and other–insights, big data is useless.

The bootcamp also stresses the importance of domain knowledge, and relatedly, an awareness of what precise data-points should be sought and analyzed. DS-Dojo also trains students to critically assess: why, and how should we classify data? Students also learn the typical data-collection, processing, and analysis pipeline, i.e.:

  1. Influx
  2. Collection
  3. Preprocessing
  4. Transformation
  5. Data-mining
  6. And finally, interpretation and evaluation.

However, any aspiring (good) data scientist should disabuse themselves of the notion that the process doesn’t present challenges. Au contraire, there are numerous challenges; e.g. (among others):

  1. Scalability
  2. Dimensionality
  3. Complex and heterogeneous data
  4. Data quality
  5. Data ownership and distribution, 
  6. Privacy, 
  7. Reaction time.


Deep dives

Following the above coverage of the craft’s introductory processes and challenges, DS-Dojo students are then led earnestly into the deeper ends of data-science characteristics and features. For instance, vis-a-vis predictive analytics, how should a data-scientist decide when to use unsupervised learning, versus supervised learning? Among other considerations, practitioners can decide using the criteria listed below.


Unsupervised Learning…Vs. … >> << …Vs. …Supervised Learning
>> Target values unknown >> Targets known
>> Training data unlabeled >> Data labeled
>> Goal: discover information hidden in the data >> Goal: Find a way to map attributes to target value(s)
>> Clustering >> Classification and regression


Read more about the supervised and unsupervised learning


Overall, the main domains covered by DS-Dojo’s data-science bootcamp curriculum are:

  • An introduction/overview of the field, including the above-described “big picture,” as well as visualization, and an emphasis on story-telling–or, stated differently, the retrieval of actual/real insights from data;
  • Overview of classification processes and tools
  •  Applications of classification
  • Unsupervised learning; 
  • Regression;
  • Special topics–e.g., text-analysis
  • And “last but [certainly] not least,” big-data engineering and distribution systems. 



In addition to the above-described advantageous traits, data-science enthusiasts, aspirants, and practitioners who join this program will be pleasantly surprised with the bootcamp’s de-emphasis on specific tools/approaches.  In other words, instead of using doctrinaire approaches that favor only Python, or R, Azure, etc., DS-Dojo emphasizes the need for pragmatism; practitioners should embrace the variety of tools at our disposal.

“Whoo-Hoo! Yes, I’m a Data Scientist!”

By the end of the bootcamp, students might be tempted to adopt the above stance–i.e., as stated above (as this section’s title/subheading). But as a proud alumnus of the program, I would cautiously respond: “Maybe!” And if you have indeed mastered the concepts and tools, congratulations!

But strive to remember that the most passionate data-science practitioners possess a rather paradoxical trait: humility, and an openness to lifelong learning. As Raja Iqbal, CEO of DS-Dojo pointed out in one of the earlier lectures: The more I learn, the more I realize what I don’t know. Happy data-crunching!


register now

Maximize your blog’s reach: A guide to writing an SEO optimized blog for data science and analytics
Ayesha Saleem
| January 5, 2023

Writing an SEO optimized blog is important because it can help increase the visibility of your blog on search engines, such as Google. When you use relevant keywords in your blog, it makes it easier for search engines to understand the content of your blog and to determine its relevance to specific search queries.

Consequently, your blog is more likely to rank higher on search engine results pages (SERPs), which can lead to more traffic and potential readers for your blog.

In addition to increasing the visibility of your blog, SEO optimization can also help to establish your blog as a credible and trustworthy source of information. By using relevant keywords and including external links to reputable sources, you can signal to search engines that your content is high-quality and valuable to readers.

SEO optimized blog
SEO optimized blog on data science and analytics

5 things to consider for writing a top-performing blog

A successful blog reflects top-quality content and valuable information put together in coherent and comprehensible language to hook the readers.

The following key points can assist to strengthen your blog’s reputation and authority, resulting in more traffic and readers in the long haul.


SEO search word connection - Top performing blog
SEO search word connection – Top performing blog


1. Handpick topics from industry news and trends: One way to identify popular topics is to stay up to date on the latest developments in the data science and analytics industry. You can do this by reading industry news sources and following influencers on social media.


2.  Use free – keyword research tools: Do not panic! You are not required to purchase any keyword tool to accomplish this step. Simply enter your potential blog topic on search engine such as Google and check out the top trending write-ups available online.

This helps you identify popular keywords related to data science and analytics. By analyzing search volume and competition for different keywords, you can get a sense of what topics are most in demand.


3. Look for the untapped information in the market: Another way to identify high-ranking blog topics is to look for areas where there is a lack of information or coverage. By filling these gaps, you can create content that is highly valuable and unique to your audience.


4. Understand the target audience: When selecting a topic, it’s also important to consider the interests and needs of your target audience. Check out the leading tech discussion forums and groups on Quora, LinkedIn, and Reddit to get familiar with the upcoming discussion ideas. What are they most interested in learning about? What questions do they have? By addressing these issues, you can create content that resonates with your readers.


5. Look into the leading industry websites: Finally, take a look at what other data science and analytics bloggers are writing about. From these acknowledged websites of the industry, you can get ideas for topics that help you identify areas where you can differentiate yourself from the competition


Recommended blog structure for SEO:

Overall, SEO optimization is a crucial aspect of blog writing that can help to increase the reach and impact of your content. The correct flow of your blog can increase your chances of gaining visibility and reaching a wider audience. Following are the step-by-step guidelines to write an SEO optimized blog on data science and analytics:


Blog structure
Recommended blog structure Source: Pinterest


1. Choose relevant and targeted keywords:

Identify the keywords that are most relevant to your blog topic. Some of the popular keywords related to data science topics can be:

  • Big Data
  • Business Intelligence (BI)
  • Cloud Computing
  • Data Analytics
  • Data Exploration
  • Data Management

These are some of the keywords that are commonly searched by your target audience. Incorporate these keywords into your blog title, headings, and throughout the body of your post. Read the beginner’s guide to keyword research by Moz.

2. Use internal and external links:

Include internal links to other pages or blog posts on the website you are publishing your blog, and external links to reputable sources to support your content and improve its credibility.

3. Use header tags:

Use header tags (H1, H2, H3, etc.) to structure your blog post and signal to search engines the hierarchy of your content. Here is an example of a blog with the recommended header tags and blog structure:


4. Use alt text for images:

Add alt text to your images to describe their content and improve the accessibility of your blog. Alt text is used to describe the content of an image on a web page. It is especially important for people who are using screen readers to access your website, as it provides a text-based description of the image for them.

Alt text is also used by search engines to understand the content of images and to determine the relevance of a web page to a specific search query.

5. Use a descriptive and keyword-rich URL:

Make sure your blog post URL accurately reflects the content of your post and includes your targeted keywords. For example, if the target keyword for your blog is data science books, then the URL must include the keyword in it such as “top-data-science-books“.

6. Write a compelling meta description:

The meta description is the brief summary that appears in the search results below your blog title. Use it to summarize the main points of your blog post and include your targeted keywords. For the blog topic: Top 6 data science books to learn in 2023, the meta description can be:

“Looking to up your data science game in 2023? Check out our list of the top 6 data science books to read this year. From foundational concepts to advanced techniques, these books cover a wide range of topics and will help you become a well-rounded data scientist.”


Share your data science insights with the world

If this blog helped you learn writing a search engine friendly blog, then without waiting a further, choose the topic of your choice and start writing. We offer a platform to industry experts and knowledge geeks to evoke their ideas and share them with a million plus community of data science enthusiasts across the globe.


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A Data Science approach to boost eCommerce sales
Tim Robinson
| December 28, 2022

Every eCommerce business depends on information to improve its sales. Data science can source, organize and visualize information. It also helps draw insights about customers, marketing channels, and competitors.


Every piece of information can serve different purposes. You can use data science to improve sales, customer service, user experience, marketing campaigns, purchase journeys, and more.


How to use Data Science to boost eCommerce sales

Sales in eCommerce depend on a variety of factors. You can use data to optimize each step in a customer’s journey to gain conversions and enhance revenue from each conversion.

Analyze Consumer Behavior

Data science can help you learn a lot about the consumer. Understanding consumer behavior is crucial for eCommerce businesses as it dictates the majority of their decisions.


Consumer behavior analysis is all about understanding the relationship between things you can do and customers’ reactions to them. This analysis requires data science as well as psychology. The end goal is not just understanding consumer behavior, but predicting it.


For example, if you have an eCommerce store for antique jewelry, you will want to understand what type of people buy antique jewelry, where they search for it, how they buy it, what information they seek before purchasing, what occasions they buy it for, and so on.



buyer journey
Buyer journey using different platforms – Source


You can extract data on consumer behavior on your website, social media, search engines, and even other eCommerce websites. This data will help you understand customers and predict their behavior. This is crucial for audience segmentation.


Data science can help segment audiences based on demographics, characteristics, preferences, shopping patterns, spending habits, and more. You create different strategies to convert audiences of different segments.


Audience segments play a crucial role in designing purchase journeys, starting from awareness campaigns all the way to purchase and beyond.


Optimize digital marketing for better conversion

You need insights from data analytics to make important marketing decisions. Customer acquisition information can tell you where the majority of your audience comes from. You can also identify which sources give you maximum conversions.


You can then use data to improve the performance of your weak sources and reinforce the marketing efforts of high-performing sources. Either way, you can ensure that your marketing efforts are helping your bottom line.


Once you have locked down your channels of marketing, data science can help you improve results from marketing campaigns. You can learn what type of content or ads perform the best for your eCommerce website.


Data science will also tell you when the majority of your audience is online on the channel and how they interact with your content. Most marketers try to fight the algorithms to win. But with data science, you can uncover the secrets of social media algorithms to maximize your conversions.


Suggest products for upselling & cross-selling

Upselling & Cross-selling are some of the most common sales techniques employed by ecommerce platforms. Data science can help make them more effective. With Market Basket or Affinity Analysis, data scientists can identify relationships between different products. 


By analyzing such information of past purchases and shopping patterns you can derive criteria for upselling and cross-selling. The average amount they spend on a particular type of product tells you how high you can upsell. If the data says that customers are more likely to purchase a particular brand, design, or color; you can upsell accordingly. 



Related products recommendations
Related products recommendations – Source


Similarly, you can offer relevant cross-selling suggestions based on customers’ data. Each product opens numerous cross-selling options.


Instead of offering general options, you can use data from various sources to offer targeted suggestions. You can give suggestions based on individual customers’ preferences. For instance, A customer is more likely to click on a suggestion saying “A Red Sweater to go with your Blue Jeans’ ‘ if their previous purchase shows an inclination for the color red.


This way data science can help increase probability of upsold & cross-sold purchases so that eCommerce businesses get more revenue from their customers.

Analyze consumer feedback

Consumers provide feedback in a variety of ways, some of which can only be understood by learning data science. It is not just about reviews and ratings. Customers speak about their experience through social media posts, social shares, and comments as well.

Feedback data can be extracted from several places and usually comes in large volumes. Data scientists use techniques like text analytics, computational linguistics, and natural language processing to analyze this data.

data visualization dashboard
Data visualization dashboard – Source


For instance, you can compare the percentage of positive words and negative words used in reviews to get a general idea about customer satisfaction.


But feedback analysis does not stop with language. Consumer feedback is also hidden in metrics like time spent on page, CTR, cart abandonment, clicks on page, heat maps and so on. Data on such sublime behaviors can tell you more about the customer’s experience with your eCommerce website than reviews, ratings and feedback forms.


This information helps you identify problem areas that cause your customers to turn away from a purchase.

Personalize customer experience

To create a personalized experience, you need information about the customer’s behavior, previous purchases, and social activity. This information is scattered across the web, and you need lessons in data science to bring it to one place. But, more importantly, data science helps you draw insights from information.


With this insight you can create different journeys for different customer segments. You utilize data points to map a sequence of options that would lead a customer to conversion. 80% customers are more likely to purchase if the eCommerce website offers a personalized experience.


For example: Your data analytics say that a particular customer has checked out hiking boots but has abandoned most purchases at the cart. Now you can focus on personalizing this customer’s experience by focusing on cart abandonment issues such as additional charges, postage shipping cost, payment options etc.


Several eCommerce websites use data to train their chatbots to serve as personal shopping assistants for their customers. These bots use different data points to give relevant shopping ideas.


You can also draw insights from data science to personalize offers, discounts, landing pages, product gallery, upselling suggestions, cross-selling ideas and more. 

Use data science for decision making & automation

The information provided by data science serves as the foundation for decision-making for eCommerce businesses. In a competitive market, a key piece of information can help you outshine your competitors, gain more customers and provide a better customer experience.

Using data science for business decisions will also help you improve the performance of the company. An informed decision is always better than an educated guess.

ChatGPT – An insight to fun facts for all Data Scientists 
Ayesha Saleem
| January 3, 2023

In this blog, we asked ChatGPT to come up with some interesting and fun facts of the core areas related to data science, Artificial Intelligence, machine learning, and Statistics. The new AI tool surely knows the struggles of professionals and how to put it in a fun way. 


Some fun facts for Mathematicians by ChatGPT:   

Mathematicians - ChatGPT
Mathematicians’ fun facts by ChatGPT


Here are some fun facts for all statisticians to make you laugh by ChatGPT:

  • Statisticians have a sense of humor too! The probability of someone laughing at a joke you tell is directly proportional to the number of statistical jokes you know.  
  • A statistician’s favorite thing to do is to take a sample. 
  • A statistician’s favorite drink is a “mean” martini. 
  • A statistician’s favorite time of day is “mean time.” 
  • Statisticians have a tendency to “mean” well. 
  • Statisticians are always looking for a “standard deviation” from the norm. 
  • Statisticians are always looking for a “mean” to get ahead. 
  • Statisticians are never “mean” to each other – they are always “normally distributed.”
  • Mathematicians are always on the lookout for new “equations” to solve.  
  • A mathematician’s favorite thing is to “prove” a theorem.  
  • Mathematicians are known to have a “matrix” of connections in the industry. 
  • Mathematicians have been known to “calculate” the most unlikely scenarios. 
  • A mathematician’s favorite type of math is “abstract” math – it keeps things interesting! 
  • Mathematicians are always looking for ways to “optimize” their equations. 
  • Mathematicians have a saying: “The more complex the problem, the better!” 
  • Mathematicians are known to be “precise” – they never leave room for error in their calculations.  



Some fun facts for Data Scientists by ChatGPT  

ChatGPT - Data Scientists
ChatGPT fun facts for Data Scientists


Here are a few funny facts about data scientists: 

  • Data scientists have been known to “mine” for data in the most unlikely places. 
  • A data scientist’s favorite type of data is “big data” – the bigger, the better! 
  • A data scientist’s favorite tool is the “data hammer” – they can pound any data into submission. 
  • Data scientists have a saying: “The data never lies, but it can be misleading.” 
  • Data scientists have been known to “data dunk” their colleagues – throwing them into a pool of data and seeing if they can swim. 
  • Data scientists are always “data mining” for new insights and discovering “data gold.” 
  • Data scientists are known to have “data-phoria” – a state of excitement or euphoria when they uncover a particularly interesting or valuable piece of data. 
  • Data scientists have been known to “data mash” – combining different datasets to create something new and interesting. 


 Enroll in our Data Science Bootcamp course to become a Data Scientist today


Some fun facts for Machine Learning professionals by ChatGPT 

Machine learning professionals
Machine learning professionals’ fun facts by ChatGPT


Here are some fun facts about machine learning professionals   

  • Machine learning professionals are always on the lookout for new “learning opportunities.” 
  • A machine learning professional’s favorite thing is to “train” their algorithms. 
  • Machine learning professionals are known to have a “neural network” of friends in the industry. 
  • Machine learning professionals have been known to “deep learn” on the job – immersing themselves in their work and picking up new skills along the way. 
  • A machine learning professional’s favorite type of data is “clean” data – it makes their job much easier! 
  • Machine learning professionals are always looking for ways to “optimize” their algorithms. 
  • Machine learning professionals have a saying: “The more data, the merrier!” 
  • Machine learning professionals are known to be “adaptive” – they can quickly adjust to new technologies and techniques. 


Some fun facts for AI experts by ChatGPT 

AI experts - ChatGPT
ChatGPT fun fact for AI experts


Here are a few funny facts about artificial intelligence experts:   

  • AI experts are always on the lookout for new “intelligent” ideas. 
  • AI experts have been known to “teach” their algorithms to do new tasks. 
  • AI experts are known to have a “neural network” of connections in the industry. 
  • AI experts have been known to “deep learn” on the job – immersing themselves in their work and picking up new skills along the way. 
  • AI experts are always looking for ways to “optimize” their algorithms. 
  • AI experts have a saying: “The more data, the smarter the AI!” 
  • AI experts are known to be “adaptive” – they can quickly adjust to new technologies and techniques. 
  • AI experts are always looking for ways to make their algorithms more “human-like.”  
  • The term “artificial intelligence” was first coined in 1956 by computer scientist John McCarthy. 
  • The first recorded instance of artificial intelligence was in the early 1800s when mathematician Charles Babbage designed a machine that could perform basic mathematical calculations. 
  • One of the earliest demonstrations of artificial intelligence was the “Turing Test,” developed by Alan Turing in 1950. The test is a measure of a machine’s ability to exhibit intelligent behavior equivalent to, or indistinguishable from, that of a human. 
  • The first self-driving car was developed in the 1980s by researchers at Carnegie Mellon University. 
  • In 1997, a computer program called Deep Blue defeated world chess champion Garry Kasparov, marking the first time a computer had beaten a human at chess. 
  • In 2011, a machine translation system developed by Google called Google Translate was able to translate entire documents from Chinese to English with near-human accuracy. 
  • In 2016, a machine learning algorithm developed by Google DeepMind called AlphaGo defeated the world champion at the ancient Chinese board game Go, which is considered to be much more complex than chess. 
  • Artificial intelligence has the potential to revolutionize a wide range of industries, including healthcare, finance, and transportation.  


Some fun facts for Data Engineers by ChatGPT 

ChatGPT fun facts for data engineers
ChatGPT fun facts for data engineers


Here are a few funny facts about data engineers by ChatGPT: 

  • Data engineers are always on the lookout for new “pipelines” to build. 
  • A data engineer’s favorite thing is to “ingest” large amounts of data. 
  • Data engineers are known to have a “data infrastructure” of connections in the industry. 
  • Data engineers have been known to “scrape” the internet for new data sources. 
  • A data engineer’s favorite type of data is “structured” data – it makes their job much easier! 
  • Data engineers are always looking for ways to “optimize” their data pipelines. 
  • Data engineers have a saying: “The more data, the merrier!” 
  • Data engineers are known to be “adaptive” – they can quickly adjust to new technologies and techniques. 



Do you have a more interesting answer by ChatGPT?

People across the world are generating interesting responses using ChatGPT. The new AI tool has an immense contribution to the knowledge of professionals associated with different industries. Not only does it produce witty responses but also share information that is not known before by many. Share with us your use of this amazing AI tool as a Data Scientist.

Data science pathway 2023 – Kickstart your learning journey today!
Ali Haider Shalwani
| December 15, 2022

In the past few years, the number of people entering the field of data science has increased drastically because of higher salaries, an increasing job market, and more demand.   


Undoubtedly, there are unlimited programs to learn data science, several companies offering in-depth Data Science Bootcamp, and a ton of channels on YouTube that are covering data science content. The abundance of data science content can easily confuse one with where to begin or how to start their data science career.   

data science pathway
Data science pathway 2023


To ease this data science journey for beginners, intermediate, or starters, we are going to list a couple of data science tutorials, crash courses, webinars, and videos. The aim of this blog is to help beginners navigate their data science path, and also help them to determine if data science is the most perfect career choice for them or not.   


If you are planning to add value to your data science skillset, check out our Python for Data Science training.  


Let’s get started with the list: 


 1. A day in the life of a data scientist

 This talk will introduce you to what a typical data scientist’s job looks like. It will familiarize you with the day-to-day work that a data scientist does and differentiate between the different roles and responsibilities that data scientists have across companies.   


This talk will help you understand what a typical day in the data scientist’s life looks like and assist you to decide if data science is the perfect choice for your career.   



2. Data mining crash course

Data mining has become a vital part of data science and analytics in today’s world. And, if you planning to jumpstart your career in the field of data science, it is important for you to understand data mining. Data mining is a process of digging into different types of data and data sets to discover hidden connections between them.

The concept of data mining includes several steps that we are going to cover in this course.  In this talk, we will cover how data mining is used in feature selection, connecting different data attributes, data aggregation, data exploration, and data transformation.

Additionally, we will cover the importance of checking data quality, reducing data noise, and visualizing the data to demonstrate the importance of good data.  



3. Intro to data visualization with R & ggplot2 

While tools like Excel, Power BI, and Tableau are often the go-to solutions for data visualizations, none of these tools can compete with R in terms of the sheer breadth of, and control over, crafted data visualizations. Thereby, it is important for one to learn about data visualization with R & ggplot2.   


In this tutorial, you will get a brief introduction to data visualization with the ggplot2 package. The focus of the tutorial will be using ggplot2 to analyze your data visually with a specific focus on discovering the underlying signals/patterns of your business.   




 4. Crash course in data visualization: Tell a story with your data

Telling a story with your data is more important than ever. The best insights and machine learning models will not create an impact unless you are able to effectively communicate with your stakeholders. Hence, it is very important for a data scientist to have an in-depth understanding of data visualization.   

In this course, we will cover chart theory and pair programs that will help us create a chart using Python, Pandas, and Plotly.   



5. Feature engineering 

To become a proficient data scientist, it is significant for one to learn about feature engineering. In this talk, we will cover ways to do feature engineering both with dplyr (“mutate” and “transmute”) and base R (“ifelse”). Additionally, we’ll go over four different ways to combine datasets.   


With this talk, you will learn how to impute missing values as well as create new values based on existing columns.  



6. Intro to machine learning with R & caret 

The R programming language is experiencing rapid increases in popularity and wide adoption across industries. This popularity is due, in part, to R’s huge collection of open-source machine-learning algorithms. If you are a data scientist working with R, the caret package (short for Classification and Regression Training) is a must-have tool in your toolbelt.   

In this talk, we will provide an introduction to the caret package. The focus of the talk will be using caret to implement some of the most common tasks of the data science project lifecycle and to illustrate incorporating caret into your daily work.   



7. Building robust machine learning models 

Modern machine learning libraries make the model building look deceptively easy. An unnecessary emphasis (admittedly, annoying to the speaker) on tools like R, Python, SparkML, and techniques like deep learning is prevalent.   

Relying on tools and techniques while ignoring the fundamentals is the wrong approach to model building. Thereby, our aim here is to take you through the fundamentals of building robust machine-learning models.  



8. Text analytics crash course with R

 Industries across the globe deal with structured and unstructured data. To generate insights companies, work towards analyzing their text data. The data pipeline for transforming unstructured text into valuable insights consists of several steps that each data scientist must learn about.   

This course will take you through the fundamentals of text analytics and teach you how to transform text data using different machine-learning models.   



9. Translating data into effective decisions

As data scientists, we are constantly focused on learning new ML techniques and algorithms. However, in any company, value is created primarily by making decisions. Therefore, it is important for a data scientist to embrace uncertainty in a data-driven way.   

In this talk, we present a systematic process where ML is an input to improve our ability to make better decisions, thereby taking us closer to the prescriptive ideal.   



10. Data science job interviews 

Once you are through your data science learning path, it is important to work on your data science interviews in order to uplift your career. In this talk, you will learn how to solve SQL, probability, ML, coding, and case interview questions that are asked by FAANG + Wall Street.  

We will also share the contrarian job-hunting tips that can help you to find a job at Facebook, Google, or an ML startup.  




Step up to the data science pathway today!

We hope that the aforementioned 12 talks assist you to get started with your data science learning path. If you are looking for a more detailed guide, then do check out our Data Science Roadmap. 


If you want to receive data science blogs, infographics, cheat sheets, and other useful resources right into your inbox, subscribe to our weekly & monthly newsletter. 


Whether you are new to data science or an expert, our upcoming talks, tutorials, and crash courses can help you learn diverse data science & engineering concepts, so make sure to stay tuned with us. 


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