This blog outlines a collection of 12 AI tools that can assist with day-to-day activities and make tasks more efficient and streamlined.
This blog outlines a collection of 12 AI tools that can assist with day-to-day activities and make tasks more efficient and streamlined.
Looking for AI jobs? Well, here are our top 5 AI jobs along with all the skills needed to land them
Rapid technological advances and the promotion of machine learning have shifted manual processes to automated ones. This has not only made the lives of humans easier but has also generated error-free results. To only associate AI with IT is baseless. You can find AI integrated into our day-to-day lives. From self-driven trains to robot waiters, from marketing chatbots to virtual consultants, all are examples of AI.
We can find AI everywhere without even knowing it. It is hard to explain how quickly it has become a part of our daily routine. AI will automatically find suitable searches, foods, and products even without you uttering a word. It is not hard to say that robots will replace humans very shortly.
The evolution of AI has increased the demand for AI experts. With the diversified AI job roles and emerging career opportunities, it won’t be difficult to find a suitable job matching your interests and goals. Here are the top 5 AI jobs picks that may come in handy along with the skills that will help you land them effortlessly.
Must-have skills for AI jobs
To land the AI job you need to train yourself and become an expert in multiple skills. These skills can only be mastered through great zeal of effort, hard work, and enthusiasm to learn them. Every job required its own set of core skills i.e. some may require data analysis, so others might demand expertise in machine learning. But even with the diverse job roles, the core skills needed for AI jobs remain constant which are,
Read blog about AI and Machine learning trends for 2023
Who are they?
They are responsible for discovering and designing self-driven AI systems that can run smoothly without human intervention. Their main task is to automate predictive models.
What do they do?
From designing ML systems, drafting ML algorithms, and selecting appropriate data sets they sand then analyzing large data along with testing and verifying ML algorithms.
Qualifications are required? Individuals with bachelor’s or doctoral degrees in computer science or mathematics along with proficiency in a modern programming language will most likely get this job. Knowledge about cloud applications, expertise in mathematics, computer science, machine learning, programming language, and related certifications are preferred,
Who are they? They design and develop robots that can be used to perform the error-free day-to-day task efficiently. Their services are used in space exploration, healthcare, human identification, etc.
What do they do? They design and develop robots to solve problems that can be operated with voice commands. They operate different software and understand the methodology behind it to construct mechanical prototypes. They collaborate with other field specialists to control programming software and use them accordingly.
Qualifications required? A robotics scientist must have a bachelor’s degree in robotics/ mechanical engineering/ electrical engineering or electromechanical engineering. Individuals with expertise in mathematics, AI certifications, and knowledge about CADD will be preferred.
Who are they? They evaluate and analyze data and extract valuable insights that assist organizations in making better decisions.
What do they do? They gather, organize and interpret a large amount of data using ML and predict analytics into much more valuable perspicuity. They use tools and data platforms like Hadoop, Spark, Hive, and programming languages especially Java, SQL, and Python to go beyond statistical analysis.
Qualification required? They must have a master’s or doctoral degree in computer sciences with hands-on knowledge of programming languages, data platforms, and cloud tools.
Master these data science tools to grow your career as Data Scientist
Who are they? They analyze data and evaluate gathered information using restrained-based examinations.
What do they do? Research scientists have expertise in different AI skills from ML, NLP, data processing and representation, and AI models which they use for solving problems and seeking modern solutions.
Qualifications required? Bachelor or doctoral degree in computer science or other related technical fields. Along with good communication, knowledge about AI, parallel computing, AI algorithms, and models is highly recommended for those who are thinking of pursuing this career opportunity.
Who are they? They organize and generate the business interface and are responsible for maintaining it.
What do they do? They organize business data, extract insights from it, keep a close eye on market trends and assist organizations in achieving profitable results. They are also responsible for maintaining complex data in cloud base platforms.
Qualifications required? Bachelor’s degree in computer science, and other related technical fields with added AI certifications. Individuals with experience in data mining, SSRS, SSIS, and BI technologies and certifications in data science will be preferred.
A piece of advice for those who want to pursue AI as their career,” invest your time and money”. Take related short courses, acquire ML and AI certifications, and learn about what data science and BI technologies are all about and practices. With all these, you can become an AI expert having a growth-oriented career in no time.
With the surge in demand and interest in AI and machine learning, many contemporary trends are emerging in this space. As a tech professional, this blog will excite you to see what’s next in the realm of Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning trends.
In today’s economy, data is the main commodity. To rephrase, intellectual capital is the most precious asset that businesses must safeguard. The quantity of data they manage, as well as the hazards connected with it, is only going to expand after the emergence of AI and ML. Large volumes of private information are backed up and archived by many companies nowadays, which poses a growing privacy danger. Don Evans, CEO of Crewe Foundation
The future currency is data. In other words, it’s the most priceless resource that businesses must safeguard. The amount of data they handle, and the hazards attached to it will only grow when AI and ML are brought into the mix. Today’s businesses, for instance, back up and store enormous volumes of sensitive customer data, which is expected to increase privacy risks by 2023.
There is a blurring of boundaries between AI and the Internet of Things. While each technology has merits of its own, only when they are combined can they offer novel possibilities? Smart voice assistants like Alexa and Siri only exist because AI and the Internet of Things have come together. Why, therefore, do these two technologies complement one another so well?
The Internet of Things (IoT) is the digital nervous system, while Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the decision-making brain. AI’s speed at analyzing large amounts of data for patterns and trends improves the intelligence of IoT devices. As of now, just 10% of commercial IoT initiatives make use of AI, but that number is expected to climb to 80% by 2023. Josh Thill, Founder of Thrive Engine
Why then do these two technologies complement one other so well? IoT and AI can be compared to the brain and nervous system of the digital world, respectively. IoT systems have become more sophisticated thanks to AI’s capacity to quickly extract insights from data. Software developers and embedded engineers now have another reason to include AI/ML skills in their resumes because of this development in AI and machine learning.
The growth of augmented intelligence should be a relieving trend for individuals who may still be concerned about AI stealing their jobs. It combines the greatest traits of both people and technology, offering businesses the ability to raise the productivity and effectiveness of their staff.
40% of infrastructure and operations teams in big businesses will employ AI-enhanced automation by 2023, increasing efficiency. Naturally, for best results, their staff should be knowledgeable in data science and analytics or have access to training in the newest AI and ML technologies.
Moving on from the concept of Artificial Intelligence to Augmented Intelligence, where decisions models are blended artificial and human intelligence, where AI finds, summarizes, and collates information from across the information landscape – for example, company’s internal data sources. This information is presented to the human operator, who can make a human decision based on that information. This trend is supported by recent breakthroughs in Natural Language Processing (NLP) and Natural Language Understanding (NLU). Kuba Misiorny, CTO of Untrite Ltd
Despite being increasingly commonplace, there are trust problems with AI. Businesses will want to utilize AI systems more frequently, and they will want to do so with greater assurance. Nobody wants to put their trust in a system they don’t fully comprehend.
As a result, in 2023 there will be a stronger push for the deployment of AI in a visible and specified manner. Businesses will work to grasp how AI models and algorithms function, but AI/ML software providers will need to make complex ML solutions easier for consumers to understand.
The importance of experts who work in the trenches of programming and algorithm development will increase as transparency becomes a hot topic in the AI world.
Composite AI is a new approach that generates deeper insights from any content and data by fusing different AI technologies. Knowledge graphs are much more symbolic, explicitly modeling domain knowledge and, when combined with the statistical approach of ML, create a compelling proposition. Composite AI expands the quality and scope of AI applications and, as a result, is more accurate, faster, transparent, and understandable, and delivers better results to the user. Dorian Selz, CEO of Squirro
It’s a major advance in the evolution of AI and marrying content with context and intent allows organizations to get enormous value from the ever-increasing volume of enterprise data. Composite AI will be a major trend for 2023 and beyond.
There has been concern that AI will eventually replace humans in the workforce ever since the concept was first proposed in the 1950s. Throughout 2018, a deep learning algorithm was constructed that demonstrated accurate diagnosis utilizing a dataset consisting of more than 50,000 normal chest pictures and 7,000 scans that revealed active Tuberculosis. Since then, I believe that the healthcare business has mostly made use of Machine Learning (ML) and Deep Learning applications of artificial intelligence. Marie Ysais, Founder of Ysais Digital Marketing
Learn more about the role of AI in healthcare:
Pathology-assisted diagnosis, intelligent imaging, medical robotics, and the analysis of patient information are just a few of the many applications of artificial intelligence in the healthcare industry. Leading stakeholders in the healthcare industry have been presented with advancements and machine-learning models from some of the world’s largest technology companies. Next year, 2023, will be an important year to observe developments in the field of artificial intelligence.
Advanced algorithms are taking on the skills of human doctors, and while AI may increase productivity in the medical world, nothing can take the place of actual doctors. Even in robotic surgery, the whole procedure is physician-guided. AI is a good supplement to physician-led health care. The future of medicine will be high-tech with a human touch.
The low-code/No Code ML revolution accelerates creating a new breed of Citizen AI. These tools fuel mainstream ML adoption in businesses that were previously left out of the first ML wave (mostly taken advantage of by BigTech and other large institutions with even larger resources). Maya Mikhailov Founder of Savvi AI
Low-code intelligent automation platforms allow business users to build sophisticated solutions that automate tasks, orchestrate workflows, and automate decisions. They offer easy-to-use, intuitive drag-and-drop interfaces, all without the need to write a line of code. As a result, low-code intelligent automation platforms are popular with tech-savvy business users, who no longer need to rely on professional programmers to design their business solutions.
Cognitive analytics is another emerging trend that will continue to grow in popularity over the next few years. The ability for computers to analyze data in a way that humans can understand is something that has been around for a while now but is only recently becoming available in applications such as Google Analytics or Siri—and it’ll only get better from here!
Virtual assistants are another area where NLP is being used to enable more natural human-computer interaction. Virtual assistants like Amazon Alexa and Google Assistant are becoming increasingly common in homes and businesses. In 2023, we can expect to see them become even more widespread as they evolve and improve. Idrees Shafiq-Marketing Research Analyst at Astrill
Virtual assistants are becoming increasingly popular, thanks to their convenience and ability to provide personalized assistance. In 2023, we can expect to see even more people using virtual assistants, as they become more sophisticated and can handle a wider range of tasks. Additionally, we can expect to see businesses increasingly using virtual assistants for customer service, sales, and marketing tasks.
The methods and devices used by companies to safeguard information fall under the category of information security. It comprises settings for policies that are essentially designed to stop the act of stopping unlawful access to, use of, disclosure of, disruption of, modification of, an inspection of, recording of, or data destruction.
With AI models that cover a broad range of sectors, from network and security architecture to testing and auditing, AI prediction claims that it is a developing and expanding field. To safeguard sensitive data from potential cyberattacks, information security procedures are constructed on the three fundamental goals of confidentiality, integrity, and availability, or the CIA. Daniel Foley, Founder of Daniel Foley SEO
The continued growth of the wearable market. Wearable devices, such as fitness trackers and smartwatches, are becoming more popular as they become more affordable and functional. These devices collect data that can be used by AI applications to provide insights into user behavior. Oberon, Founder, and CEO of Very Informed
It can be characterized as a combination of tools and methods with heavy reliance on artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning to assess the performance of persons participating in the business process. In comparison to prior versions of process mining, these goes further in figuring out what occurs when individuals interact in different ways with various objects to produce business process events.
The methodologies and AI models vary widely, from clicks of the mouse for specific reasons to opening files, papers, web pages, and so forth. All of this necessitates various information transformation techniques. The automated procedure using AI models is intended to increase the effectiveness of commercial procedures. Salim Benadel, Director at Storm Internet
An emerging tech trend that will start becoming more popular is Robotic Process Automation or RPA. It is like AI and machine learning, and it is used for specific types of job automation. Right now, it is primarily used for things like data handling, dealing with transactions, processing/interpreting job applications, and automated email responses. It makes many businesses processes much faster and more efficient, and as time goes on, increased processes will be taken over by RPA. Maria Britton, CEO of Trade Show Labs
Robotic process automation is an application of artificial intelligence that configures a robot (software application) to interpret, communicate and analyze data. This form of artificial intelligence helps to automate partially or fully manual operations that are repetitive and rule based. Percy Grunwald, Co-Founder of Hosting Data
Most individuals say AI is good for automating normal, repetitive work. AI technologies and applications are being developed to replicate creativity, one of the most distinctive human skills. Generative AI algorithms leverage existing data (video, photos, sounds, or computer code) to create new, non-digital material.
Deepfake films and the Metaphysic act on America’s Got Talent have popularized the technology. In 2023, organizations will increasingly employ it to manufacture fake data. Synthetic audio and video data can eliminate the need to record film and speech on video. Simply write what you want the audience to see and hear, and the AI creates it. Leonidas Sfyris
With the rise of personalization in video games, new content has become increasingly important. Companies are not able to hire enough artists to constantly create new themes for all the different characters so the ability to put in a concept like a cowboy and then the art assets created for all their characters becomes a powerful tool.
By delving deeply into contemporary networked systems, Applied Observability facilitates the discovery and resolution of issues more quickly and automatically. Applied observability is a method for keeping tabs on the health of a sophisticated structure by collecting and analyzing data in real time to identify and fix problems as soon as they arise.
Utilize observability for application monitoring and debugging. Telemetry data including logs, metrics, traces, and dependencies are collected by Observability. The data is then correlated in actuality to provide responders with full context for the incidents they’re called to. Automation, machine learning, and artificial intelligence (AIOps) might be used to eliminate the need for human interaction in problem-solving. Jason Wise, Chief Editor at Earthweb
As more and more business processes are conducted through digital channels, including social media, e-commerce, customer service, and chatbots, NLP will become increasingly important for understanding user intent and producing the appropriate response.
Read more about NLP tasks and techniques in this blog:
In 2023, we can expect to see increased use of Natural Language Processing (NLP) for communication and data analysis. NLP has already seen widespread adoption in customer service chatbots, but it may also be utilized for data analysis, such as extracting information from unstructured texts or analyzing sentiment in large sets of customer reviews. Additionally, deep learning algorithms have already shown great promise in areas such as image recognition and autonomous vehicles.
In the coming years, we can expect to see these algorithms applied to various industries such as healthcare for medical imaging analysis and finance for stock market prediction. Lastly, the integration of AI tools into various industries will continue to bring about both exciting opportunities and ethical considerations. Nicole Pav, AI Expert.
Share with us in comments if you know about any other trending or upcoming AI and machine learning.
What can be a better way to spend your days listening to interesting bits about trending AI and Machine learning topics? Here’s a list of the 10 best AI and ML podcasts.
Artificial intelligence and machine learning are fundamentally altering how organizations run and how individuals live. It is important to discuss the latest innovations in these fields to gain the most benefit from technology. The TWIML AI Podcast outreaches a large and significant audience of ML/AI academics, data scientists, engineers, tech-savvy business, and IT (Information Technology) leaders, as well as the best minds and gather the best concepts from the area of ML and AI.
The podcast is hosted by a renowned industry analyst, speaker, commentator, and thought leader Sam Charrington. Artificial intelligence, deep learning, natural language processing, neural networks, analytics, computer science, data science, and other technologies are discussed.
One individual, one interview, one account. This podcast examines the effects of AI on our world. The AI podcast creates a real-time oral history of AI that has amassed 3.4 million listens and has been hailed as one of the best AI and machine learning podcasts. They always bring you a new story and a new 25-minute interview every two weeks. Consequently, regardless of the difficulties, you are facing in marketing, mathematics, astrophysics, paleo history, or simply trying to discover an automated way to sort out your kid’s growing Lego pile, listen in and get inspired.
Data Skeptic launched as a podcast in 2014. Hundreds of interviews and tens of millions of downloads later, we are a widely recognized authoritative source on data science, artificial intelligence, machine learning, and related topics.
Data Skeptic runs in seasons. By speaking with active scholars and business leaders who are somehow involved in our season’s subject, we probe it.
We carefully choose each of our visitors using a system internally. Since we do not cooperate with PR firms, we are unable to reply to the daily stream of unsolicited submissions. Publishing quality research to the arxiv is the greatest approach to getting on the show. It is crawled. We will locate you.
Data Skeptic is a boutique consulting company in addition to its podcast. Kyle participates directly in each project our team undertakes. Our work primarily focuses on end-to-end machine learning, cloud infrastructure, and algorithmic design.
The Data Skeptic Podcast features interviews and discussion of topics related to data science, statistics, machine learning, artificial intelligence and the like, all from the perspective of applying critical thinking and the scientific method to evaluate the veracity of claims and efficacy of approaches.
Pro-tip: Enroll in the data science boot camp today to learn the basics of the industry
Podcast.ai is entirely generated by artificial intelligence. Every week, they explore a new topic in-depth, and listeners can suggest topics or even guests and hosts for future episodes. Whether you are a machine learning enthusiast, just want to hear your favorite topics covered in a new way or even just want to listen to voices from the past brought back to life, this is the podcast for you.
The podcast aims to put incremental advances into a broader context and consider the global implications of developing technology. AI is about to change your world, so pay attention.
Talking machines is a podcast hosted by Katherine Gorman and Neil Lawrence. The objective of this show is to bring you clear conversations with experts in the field of machine learning, insightful discussions of industry news, and useful answers to your questions. Machine learning is changing the questions we can ask of the world around us, here we explore how to ask the best questions and what to do with the answers.
If you are interested in learning about unusual applications of machine learning and data science. In each episode of linear digressions, your hosts explore machine learning and data science through interesting apps. Ben Jaffe and Katie Malone host the show, they assure themselves to produce the most exciting additions in the industry such as AI-driven medical assistants, open policing data, causal trees, the grammar of graphics and a lot more.
Making artificial intelligence practical, productive, and accessible to everyone. Practical AI is a show in which technology professionals, businesspeople, students, enthusiasts, and expert guests engage in lively discussions about Artificial Intelligence and related topics (Machine Learning, Deep Learning, Neural Networks, GANs (Generative adversarial networks), MLOps (machine learning operations) (machine learning operations), AIOps, and more).
The focus is on productive implementations and real-world scenarios that are accessible to everyone. If you want to keep up with the latest advances in AI, while keeping one foot in the real world, then this is the show for you!
Enrico Bertini and Moritz Stefaner discuss the latest developments in data analytics, visualization, and related topics. The data stories podcast consists of regular new episodes on a range of discussion topics related to data visualization. It shares the importance of data stories in different fields including statistics, finance, medicine, computer science, and a lot more to name. The podcast’s hosts Enrico and Moritz invite industry leaders, experienced professionals, and instructors in data visualization to share the stories and the importance of representation of data visuals into appealing charts and graphs.
The Artificial intelligence podcast is hosted by Dr. Tony Hoang. This podcast talks about the latest innovations in the artificial intelligence and machine learning industry. The recent episode of the podcast discusses text-to-image generator, Robot dog, soft robotics, voice bot options, and a lot more.
Smart machines employing artificial intelligence and machine learning are prevalent in everyday life. The objective of this podcast series is to inform students and instructors about the advanced technologies introduced by AI and the following:
Do not forget to share in comments the names of your most favorite AI and ML podcasts. Read this amazing blog if you want to know about Data Science podcasts.
Most people have heard the terms “data science” and “AI” at least once in their lives. Indeed, both of these are extremely important in the modern world as they are technologies that help us run quite a few of our industries.
But even though data science and Artificial Intelligence are somewhat related to one another, they are still very different. There are things they have in common which is why they are often used together, but it is crucial to understand their differences as well.
As the name suggests, data science is a field that involves studying and processing data in big quantities using a variety of technologies and techniques to detect patterns, make conclusions about the data, and help in the decision-making process. Essentially, it is an intersection of statistics and computer science largely used in business and different industries.
The standard data science lifecycle includes capturing data and then maintaining, processing, and analyzing it before finally communicating conclusions about it through reporting. This makes data science extremely important for analysis, prediction, decision-making, problem-solving, and many other purposes.
Artificial Intelligence is the field that involves the simulation of human intelligence and the processes within it by machines and computer systems. Today, it is used in a wide variety of industries and allows our society to function as it currently does by using different AI-based technologies.
Some of the most common examples in action include machine learning, speech recognition, and search engine algorithms. While AI technologies are rapidly developing, there is still a lot of room for their growth and improvement. For instance, there is no powerful enough content generation tool that can write texts that are as good as those written by humans. Therefore, it is always preferred to hire an experienced writer to maintain the quality of work.
As mentioned above, machine learning is a type of AI-based technology that uses data to “learn” and improve specific tasks that a machine or system is programmed to perform. Though machine learning is seen as a part of the greater field of AI, its use of data puts it firmly at the intersection of data science and AI.
By far the most important point of connection between data science and Artificial Intelligence is data. Without data, neither of the two fields would exist and the technologies within them would not be used so widely in all kinds of industries. In many cases, data scientists and AI specialists work together to create new technologies or improve old ones and find better ways to handle data.
As explained earlier, there is a lot of room for improvement when it comes to AI technologies. The same can be somewhat said about data science. That’s one of the reasons businesses still hire professionals to accomplish certain tasks like custom writing requirements, design requirements, and other administrative work.
There are quite a few differences between both. These include:
To give you an even better idea of what data science and Artificial Intelligence are used for, here are some of the most interesting examples of their application in practice:
It is not always easy to tell which of these examples is about data science and which one is about Artificial Intelligence because many of these applications use both of them. This way, it becomes even clearer just how much overlap there is between these two fields and the technologies that come from them.
At the end of the day, data science and AI remain some of the most important technologies in our society and will likely help us invent more things and progress further. As a regular citizen, understanding the similarities and differences between the two will help you better understand how data science and Artificial Intelligence are used in almost all spheres of our lives.
Applications leveraging AI powered search are on the rise. My colleague, Sam Partee, recently introduced vector similarity search (VSS) in Redis and how it can be applied to common use cases. As he puts it:
“Users have come to expect that nearly every application and website provide some type of search functionality. With effective search becoming ever-increasingly relevant (pun intended), finding new methods and architectures to improve search results is critical for architects and developers. “
– Sam Partee: Vector Similarity Search: from Basics to Production
For example, in eCommerce, allowing shoppers to browse product inventory with a visual similarity component brings online shopping one step closer to mirroring an in-person experience.
However, this is only the tip of the iceberg. Here, we will pick up right where Sam left off with another common use case for vector similarity: Document Search.
We will cover:
Lastly, we will share about an exciting upcoming hackathon co-hosted by Redis, MLOps Community, and Saturn Cloud from October 24 – November 4 that you can join in the coming weeks!
Whether we realize it or not, we take advantage of document search and processing capabilities in everyday life. We see its impact while searching for a long-lost text message in our phone, automatically filtering spam from our email inbox, and performing basic Google searches.
Businesses use it for information retrieval (e.g. insurance claims, legal documents, financial records), and even generating content-based recommendations (e.g. articles, tweets, posts).
Traditional search, i.e. lexical search, emphasizes the intersection of common keywords between docs. However, a search query and document may be very similar to one another in meaning and not share any of the same keywords (or vice versa). For example, in the sentences below, all readers should be able to parse that they are communicating the same thing. But – only two words overlap.
“The weather looks dark and stormy outside.” <> “The sky is threatening thunder and lightning.”
Another example…with pure lexical search, “USA” and “United States” would not trigger a match though these are interchangeable terms.
This is where lexical search breaks down on its own.
Search has evolved from simply finding documents to providing answers. Advances in NLP and large language models (GPT-3, BERT, etc) have made it incredibly easy to overcome this lexical gap AND expose semantic properties of text. Sentence embeddings form a condensed vector-like representation of unstructured data that encodes “meaning”.
These embeddings allow us to compute similarity metrics (e.g. cosine similarity, euclidean distance, and inner product) to find similar documents, i.e. neural (or vector) search. Neural search respects word order and understands the broader context beyond the explicit terms used.
Immediately this opens up a host of powerful use cases
What’s even better is that ready-made models from Hugging Face Transformers can fast-track text-to-embedding transformations. Though, it’s worth noting that many use cases require fine-tuning to ensure quality results:
In a production software environment, document search must take advantage of a low-latency database that persists all docs and manages a search index that can enable nearest neighbors vector similarity operations between documents.
RediSearch was introduced as a module to extend this functionality over a Redis cluster that is likely already handling web request caching or online ML feature serving (for low-latency model inference).
Below we will highlight the core components of a typical production workflow.
In this phase, documents must be gathered, embedded, and stored in the vector database. This process happens up front before any client tries to search and will also consistently run in the background on document updates, deletions, and insertions.
Up front, this might be iteratively done in batches from some data warehouse. Also, it’s common to leverage streaming data structures (e.g., Kafka, Kinesis, or Redis Streams) to orchestrate the pipeline in real time.
Scalable document processing services might take advantage of a high-throughput inference server like NVIDIA’s Triton. Triton enables teams to deploy, run, and scale trained AI models from any standard backend on GPU (or CPU) hardware.
Depending on the source, volume, and variety of data, a number of pre-processing steps will also need to be included in the pipeline (including embedding models to create vectors from text).
After a client enters a query along with some optional filters (e.g. year, category), the query text is converted into an embedding projected into the same vector space as the pre-processed documents. This allows for discovery of the most relevant documents from the entire corpus.
With the right vector database solution, these searches could be performed over hundreds of millions of documents in 100ms or less.
We recently put this into action and built redis-arXiv-search on top of the arXiv dataset (provided by Kaggle) as a live demo. Under the hood, we’re using Redis Vector Similarity Search, a Dockerized Python FastAPI, and a React Typescript single page app (SPA).
Paper abstracts were converted into embeddings and stored in RediSearch. With this app, we show how you can search over these papers with natural language.
Let’s try an example: “machine learning helps me get healthier”. When you enter this query, the text is sent to a Python server that converts the text to an embedding and performs a vector search.
As you can see, the top four results are all related to health outcomes and policy. If you try to confuse it with something even more complex like: “jay z and beyonce”, the top results are as follows:
We are pretty certain that the names of these two icons don’t show up verbatim in the paper abstracts… Because of the semantic properties encoded in the sentence embeddings, this application is able to associate “Jay Z” and “Beyonce” with topics like Music, Celebrities, and Spotify.
That was the happy path. Realistically, most production-grade document retrieval systems rely on hundreds of millions or even billions of docs. It’s the price to pay for a system that can actually solve real-world problems over unstructured data.
Beyond scaling the embedded workflows, you’ll also need to have a database with enough horsepower to build the search index in a timely fashion.
In 2022, giving out free computers is the best way to make friends with anybody. Thankfully, our friends at Saturn Cloud have partnered with us to share access to GPU hardware.
They have a solid free tier that gives us access to an NVIDIA T4 with the ability to upgrade for a fee. Recently, Google Colab also announced a new pricing structure, a “Pay As You Go” format, which allows users to have flexibility in exhausting their compute quota over time.
These are both great options when running workloads on your CPU bound laptop or instance won’t cut it.
What’s even better is that Hugging Face Transformers can take advantage of GPU acceleration out-of-the-box. This can speed up ad-hoc embedding workflows quite a bit. However, for production use cases with massive amounts of data, a single GPU may not cut it.
What if data will not fit into RAM of a single GPU instance, and you need the boost? There are many ways a data engineer might address this issue, but here I will focus on one particular approach leveraging Dask and cuDF.
The RAPIDS team at NVIDIA is dedicated to building open-source tools for executing data science and analytics on GPUs. All of the Python libraries have a comfortable feel to them, empowering engineers to take advantage of powerful hardware under the surface.
Scaling out workloads on multiple GPUs w/ RAPIDS tooling involves leveraging multi-node Dask clusters and cuDF data frames. Most Pythonista’s are familiar with the popular Pandas data frame library. cuDF, built on Apache Arrow, provides an interface very similar to Pandas, running on a GPU, all without having to know the ins and outs of CUDA development.
In the above workflow, a cuDF data frame of arXiv papers was loaded and partitions were created across a 3 node Dask cluster (with each worker node as an NVIDIA T4). In parallel, a user-defined function was applied to each data frame partition that processed and embedded the text using a Sentence Transformer model.
This approach provided linear scalability with the number of nodes in the Dask cluster. With 3 worker nodes, the total runtime decreased by a factor of 3.
Even with multi-GPU acceleration, data is mapped to and from machines. It’s heavily dependent on RAM, especially after the large embedding vectors have been created.
A few variations to consider:
Inspired by the initial work on the arXiv search demo, Redis is officially launching a Vector Search Engineering Lab (Hackathon) co-sponsored by MLOps Community and Saturn Cloud. Read more about it here.
This is the future. Vector search & document retrieval is now more accessible than ever before thanks to open-source tools like Redis, RAPIDS, Hugging Face, Pytorch, Kaggle, and more! Take the opportunity to get ahead of the curve and join in on the action. We’ve made it super simple to get started and acquire (or sharpen) an emerging set of skills.
In the end, you will get to showcase what you’ve built and win $$ prizes.
The hackathon will run from October 24 – November 4 and include folks across the globe, professionals and students alike. Register your team (up to 4 people) today! You don’t want to miss it.
The use of AI in culture raises interesting ethical reflections termed as AI ethics nowadays.
In 2016, a Rembrandt painting, “The Next Rembrandt”, was designed by a computer and created by a 3D printer, 351 years after the painter’s death.
The achievement of this artistic prowess becomes possible when 346 Rembrandt paintings were together analyzed. The keen analysis of paintings pixel by pixel resulted in an upscale of deep learning algorithms to create a unique database.
Every detail of Rembrandt’s artistic identity could then be captured and set the foundation for an algorithm capable of creating an unprecedented masterpiece. To bring the painting to life, a 3D printer recreated the texture of brushstrokes and layers of paint on the canvas for a breath-taking result that could trick any art expert.
The ethical dilemma arose when it came to crediting the author of the painting. Who could it be?
We cannot overlook the transformations brought by intelligent machine systems in today’s world for the better. To name a few, artificial intelligence contributed to optimizing planning, detecting fraud, composing art, conducting research, and providing translations.
Undoubtedly, it all contributed to the more efficient and consequently richer world of today. Leading global tech companies emphasize adopting boundless landscape of artificial intelligence and step ahead of the competitive market.
Amidst the boom of overwhelming technological revolutions, we cannot undermine the new frontier for ethics and risk assessment.
Regardless of the risks AI offers, there are many real-world problems that are begging to be solved by data scientists. Check out this informative session by Raja Iqbal (Founder and lead instructor at Data Science Dojo) on AI For Social Good
Some of the key ethical issues in AI you must learn about are:
Access to personal identifiable information must only be accessible for the authorized users only. The other key aspects of privacy to consider in artificial intelligence are information privacy, privacy as an aspect of personhood, control over information about oneself, and the right to secrecy.
Business today is going digital. We are associated with the digital sphere. Most digital data available online connects to a single Internet. There is increasingly more sensor technology in use that generates data about non-digital aspects of our lives. AI not only contributes to data collection but also drives possibilities for data analysis.
Much of the most privacy-sensitive data analysis today–such as search algorithms, recommendation engines, and AdTech networks–are driven by machine learning and decisions by algorithms. However, as artificial intelligence evolves, it defines ways to intrude privacy interests of users.
For instance, facial recognition introduces privacy issues with the increased use of digital photographs. Machine recognition of faces has progressed rapidly from fuzzy images to rapid recognition of individual humans.
Usage of internet and online activities keep us engaged every day. We do not realize that our data is constantly collected, and information is tracked. Our personal data is used to manipulate our behavior online and offline as well.
If you are thinking about exactly when businesses make use of the information gathered and how they manipulate us, then marketers and advertisers are the best examples. To sell the right product to the right customer, it is significant to know the behavior of your customer.
Their interests, past purchase history, location, and other key demographics. Therefore, advertisers retrieve the personal information of potential customers that is available online.
Social media has become the hub of manipulating user behaviors by marketers to maximize profits. AI with its advanced social media algorithms identifies vulnerabilities in human behavior and influences our decision-making process.
Artificial intelligence integrates such algorithms with digital media that exploit human biases detected by AI algorithms. It implies personalized addictive strategies for consumption of (online) goods or benefits from the vulnerable state of individuals to promote products and services that match well with their temporary emotions.
Danaher stated, “we are creating decision-making processes that constrain and limit opportunities for human participation”
Artificial Intelligence supports automated decision-making, thus neglecting the free will of personnel to speak of their choice. AI processes work in a way that no one knows how the output is generated. Therefore, the decision will remain opaque even for the experts
AI systems use machine learning techniques in neural networks to retrieve patterns from a given dataset. With or without “correct” solutions provided, i.e., supervised, semi-supervised or unsupervised.
Read this blog to learn more about AI powered document search
Machine learning captures existing patterns in the data with the help of these techniques. And then label these patterns in such a way that it gets useful for the decision the system makes, while the programmer does not really know which patterns in the data the system has used.
As AI is now widely used to manipulate human behavior, it is also actively driving robots. It can get problematic if their processes or appearance involve deception or threatening human dignity
The key ethical issue here is, “Should robots be programmed to deceive us?” If we answer this question with a yes, then the next question to ask is “what should be the limits of deception?” If we say that robots can deceive us if it does not seriously harm us, then the robot might lie about its abilities or pretend to have more knowledge than it has.
If we believe that robots should not be programmed to deceive humans, then the next ethical question becomes “should robots be programmed to lie at all?” The answer would depend on what kind of information they are giving and whether humans are able to provide an alternative source.
Robots are now being deployed in the workplace to do jobs that are dangerous, difficult, or dirty. The automation of jobs is inevitable in the future, and it can be seen as a benefit to society or a problem that needs to be solved. The problem arises when we start talking about human robot interaction and how robots should behave around humans in the workplace.
An autonomous system can be defined as a self-governing or self-acting entity that operates without external control. It can also be defined as a system that can make its own decisions based on its programming and environment.
The next step in understanding the ethical implications of AI is to analyze how it affects society, humans, and our economy. This will allow us to predict the future of AI and what kind of impact it will have on society if left unchecked.
In societies where AI is rapidly replacing humans can get harmed or suffer in the longer run. For instance, thinking of AI writers as a replacement for human copywriters when it is just designed to bring efficiency to a writer’s job, provide assistance, and help in getting rid of writer’s block while generating content ideas at scale.
Secondly, autonomous vehicles are the most relevant examples for a heated debate topic of ethical issues in AI. It is not yet clear what the future of autonomous vehicles will be. The main ethical concern around autonomous cars is that they could cause accidents and fatalities.
Some people believe that because these cars are programmed to be safe, they should be given priority on the road. Others think that these vehicles should have the same rules as human drivers.
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Before we get into the ethical issues associated with machines, we need to know that machine ethics is not about humans using machines. But it is solely related to the machines operating independently as subjects.
The topic of machine ethics is a broad and complex one that includes a few areas of inquiry. It touches on the nature of what it means for something to be intelligent, the capacity for artificial intelligence to perform tasks that would otherwise require human intelligence, the moral status of artificially intelligent agents, and more.
Read this blog to learn about Big Data Ethics
The field is still in its infancy, but it has already shown promise in helping us understand how we should deal with certain moral dilemmas.
In the past few years, there has been a lot of research on how to make AI more ethical. But how can we define ethics for machines?
AI programmed machines with rules for good behavior and to avoid making bad decisions based on the principles. It is not difficult to imagine that in the future, we will be able to tell if an AI has ethical values by observing its behavior and its decision-making process.
Three laws of robotics by Isaac for machine ethics are:
First Law—A robot may not injure a human being or, through inaction, allow a human being to come to harm.
Second Law—A robot must obey the orders given it by human beings except where such orders would conflict with the First Law.
Third Law—A robot must protect its own existence if such protection does not conflict with the First or Second Laws.
Artificial Moral Agents
The development of artificial moral agents (AMA) is a hot topic in the AI space. The AMA has been designed to be a moral agent that can make moral decisions and act according to these decisions. As such, it has the potential to have significant impacts on human lives.
The development of AMA is not without ethical issues. The first issue is that AMAs (Artificial Moral Agents) will have to be programmed with some form of morality system which could be based on human values or principles from other sources.
This means that there are many possibilities for diverse types of AMAs and several types of morality systems, which may lead to disagreements about what an AMA should do in each situation. Secondly, we need to consider how and when these AMAs should be used as they could cause significant harm if they are not used properly
Over the years, we went from, “AI is impossible” (Dreyfus 1972) and “AI is just automation” (Lighthill 1973) to “AI will solve all problems” (Kurzweil 1999) and “AI may kill us all” (Bostrom 2014).
Several questions arise with the increasing dependency on AI and robotics. Before we rely on these systems further, we must have clarity about what the systems themselves should do, and what risks they have in the long term.
Let us know in the comments if you also think it also challenges the human view of humanity as the intelligent and dominant species on Earth.
There is so much to explore when it comes to spatial visualization using Python’s
For problems related to crime mapping, housing prices or travel route optimization, spatial visualization could be the most resourceful tool in getting a glimpse of how the instances are geographically located. This is beneficial as we are getting massive amounts of data from several sources such as cellphones, smartwatches, trackers, etc. In this case, patterns and correlations, which otherwise might go unrecognized, can be extracted visually.
This blog will attempt to show you the potential of spatial visualization using the
Folium library with Python. This tutorial will give you insights into the most important visualization tools that are extremely useful while analyzing spatial data.
Folium is an incredible library that allows you to build Leaflet maps. Using latitude and longitude points,
Folium can allow you to create a map of any location in the world. Furthermore,
Folium creates interactive maps that may allow you to zoom in and out after the map is rendered.
We’ll get some hands-on practice with building a few maps using the Seattle Real-time Fire 911 calls dataset. This dataset provides Seattle Fire Department 911 dispatches, and every instance of this dataset provides information about the address, location, date/time and type of emergency of a particular incident. It’s extensive and we’ll limit the dataset to a few emergency types for the purpose of explanation.
Folium can be downloaded using the following commands.
$ pip install folium
$ conda install -c conda-forge folium
Start by importing the required libraries.
import pandas as pd import numpy as np import folium
Let us now create an object named ‘seattle_map’ which is defined as a
folium.Map object. We can add other
folium objects on top of the
folium.Map to improve the map rendered. The map has been centered to the longitude and latitude points in the location parameters. The zoom parameter sets the magnification level for the map that’s going to be rendered. Moreover, we have also set the tiles parameter to ‘OpenStreetMap’ which is the default tile for this parameter. You can explore more tiles such as StamenTerrain or Mapbox Control in
seattle_map = folium. Map (location = [47.6062, -122.3321], tiles = 'OpenStreetMap', zoom_start = 11) seattle_map
We can observe the map rendered above. Let’s create another map object with a different tile and zoom_level. Through ‘Stamen Terrain’ tile, we can visualize the terrain data which can be used for several important applications.
We’ve also inserted a
folium. Marker to our ‘seattle_map2’ map object below. The marker can be placed to any location specified in the square brackets. The string mentioned in the popup parameter will be displayed once the marker is clicked as shown below.
seattle_map2 = folium. Map (location=[47.6062, -122.3321], tiles = 'Stamen Terrain', zoom_start = 10) #inserting marker folium.Marker( [47.6740, -122.1215], popup = 'Redmond' ).add_to(seattle_map2) seattle_map2
We are interested to use the Seattle 911 calls dataset to visualize the 911 calls in the year 2019 only. We are also limiting the emergency types to 3 specific emergencies that took place during this time.
We will now import our dataset which is available through this link (in CSV format). The dataset is huge, therefore, we’ll only import the first 10,000 rows using pandas
read_csv method. We’ll use the head method to display the first 5 rows.
(This process will take some time because the data-set is huge. Alternatively, you can download it to your local machine and then insert the file path below)
path = "https://data.seattle.gov/api/views/kzjm-xkqj/rows.csv?accessType=DOWNLOAD" seattle911 = pd.read_csv(path, nrows = 10000) seattle911.head()
Using the code below, we’ll convert the datatype of our Datetime variable to Date-time format and extract the year, removing all other instances that occurred before 2019.
seattle911['Datetime'] = pd.to_datetime(seattle911['Datetime'], format='%m/%d/%Y %H:%M', utc=True) seattle911['Year'] = pd.DatetimeIndex(seattle911['Datetime']).year seattle911 = seattle911[seattle911.Year == 2019]
We’ll now limit the Emergency type to ‘Aid Response Yellow’, ‘Auto Fire Alarm’ and ‘MVI – Motor Vehicle Incident’. The remaining instances will be removed from the ‘seattle911’ dataframe.
seattle911 = seattle911[seattle911.Type.isin(['Aid Response Yellow', 'Auto Fire Alarm', 'MVI - Motor Vehicle Incident'])]
We’ll remove any instance that has a missing longitude or latitude coordinate. Without these values, the particular instance cannot be visualized and will cause an error while rendering.
#drop rows with missing latitude/longitude values seattle911.dropna(subset = ['Longitude', 'Latitude'], inplace = True) seattle911.head()
Now let’s step towards the most interesting part. We’ll map all the instances onto the map object we created above, ‘seattle_map’. Using the code below, we’ll loop over all our instances up to the length of the dataframe. Following this, we will create a
folium.CircleMarker (which is similar to the
folium.Marker we added above). We’ll assign the latitude and longitude coordinates to the location parameter for each instance. The radius of the circle has been assigned to 3, whereas the popup will display the address of the particular instance.
As you can notice, the color of the circle depends on the emergency type. We will now render our map.
for i in range(len(seattle911)): folium.CircleMarker( location = [seattle911.Latitude.iloc[i], seattle911.Longitude.iloc[i]], radius = 3, popup = seattle911.Address.iloc[i], color = '#3186cc' if seattle911.Type.iloc[i] == 'Aid Response Yellow' else '#6ccc31' if seattle911.Type.iloc[i] =='Auto Fire Alarm' else '#ac31cc',).add_to(seattle_map) seattle_map
Let us now move towards slightly advanced features provided by
Folium. For this, we will use the National Obesity by State dataset which is also hosted on data.gov. There are 2 types of files we’ll be using, a csv file containing the list of all states and the percentage of obesity in each state, and a geojson file (based on JSON) that contains geographical features in form of polygons.
Before using our dataset, we’ll create a new
folium.map object with location parameters including coordinates to center the US on the map, whereas, we’ve set the ‘zoom_start’ level to 4 to visualize all the states.
usa_map = folium.Map( location=[37.0902, -95.7129], tiles = 'Mapbox Bright', zoom_start = 4) usa_map
We will assign the URLs of our datasets to ‘obesity_link’ and ‘state_boundaries’ variables, respectively.
obesity_link = 'http://data-lakecountyil.opendata.arcgis.com/datasets/3e0c1eb04e5c48b3be9040b0589d3ccf_8.csv' state_boundaries = 'http://data-lakecountyil.opendata.arcgis.com/datasets/3e0c1eb04e5c48b3be9040b0589d3ccf_8.geojson'
We will use the ‘state_boundaries’ file to visualize the boundaries and areas covered by each state on our
folium.Map object. This is an overlay on our original map and similarly, we can visualize multiple layers on the same map. This overlay will assist us in creating our choropleth map that is discussed ahead.
The ‘obesity_data’ dataframe can be viewed below. It contains 5 variables. However, for the purpose of this demonstration, we are only concerned with the ‘NAME’ and ‘Obesity’ attributes.
obesity_data = pd.read_csv(obesity_link) obesity_data.head()
Now comes the most interesting part! Creating a choropleth map. We’ll bind the ‘obesity_data’ data frame with our ‘state_boundaries’ geojson file. We have assigned both the data files to our variables ‘data’ and ‘geo_data’ respectively. The columns parameter indicates which DataFrame columns to use, whereas, the key_on parameter indicates the layer in the GeoJSON on which to key the data.
We have additionally specified several other parameters that will define the color scheme we’re going to use. Colors are generated from Color Brewer’s sequential palettes.
By default, linear binning is used between the min and the max of the values. Custom binning can be achieved with the bins parameter.
folium. Choropleth( geo_data = state_boundaries, name = 'choropleth', data = obesity_data, columns = ['NAME', 'Obesity'], key_on = 'feature.properties.NAME', fill_color = 'YlOrRd', fill_opacity = 0.9, line_opacity = 0.5, legend_name = 'Obesity Percentage').add_to(usa_map) folium.LayerControl().add_to(usa_map) usa_map
Folium. We can visualize the obesity pattern geographically and uncover patterns not visible before. It also helped us in gaining clarity about the data, more than just simplifying the data itself.
You might now feel powerful enough after attaining the skill to visualize spatial data effectively. Go ahead and explore
Folium‘s documentation to discover the incredible capabilities that this open-source library has to offer.
Thanks for reading! If you want more datasets to play with, check out this blog post. It consists of 30 free datasets with questions for you to solve.
Raja Iqbal, Chief Data Scientist and CEO of Data Science Dojo, held a community talk on AI for Social Good. Let’s look at some key takeaways.
This discussion took place on January 30th in Austin, Texas. Below, you will find the event abstract and my key takeaways from the talk.I’ve also included the video at the bottom of the page.
“It’s not hard to see machine learning and artificial intelligence in nearly every app we use – from any website we visit, to any mobile device we carry, to any goods or services we use. Where there are commercial applications, data scientists are all over it. What we don’t typically see, however, is how AI could be used for social good to tackle real-world issues such as poverty, social and environmental sustainability, access to healthcare and basic needs, and more.
What if we pulled together a group of data scientists working on cutting-edge commercial apps and used their minds to solve some of the world’s most difficult social challenges? How much of a difference could one data scientist make let alone many?
In this discussion, Raja Iqbal, Chief Data Scientist and CEO of Data Science Dojo, will walk you through the different social applications of AI and how many real-world problems are begging to be solved by data scientists. You will see how some organizations have made a start on tackling some of the biggest problems to date, the kinds of data and approaches they used, and the benefit these applications have had on thousands of people’s lives. You’ll learn where there’s untapped opportunity in using AI to make impactful change, sparking ideas for your next big project.”
1. We all have a social responsibility to build models that don’t hurt society or people
2. Data scientists don’t always work with commercial applications
3. You don’t always realize if you’re creating more harm than good.
“You always ask yourself whether you could do something, but you never asked yourself whether you should do something.”
4. We are still figuring out how to protect society from all the data being gathered by corporations.
5. There is not a better time for data analysis than today. APIs and SKs are easy to use. IT services and data storage are significantly cheaper than 20 years ago, and costs keep decreasing.
6. Laws/Ethics are still being considered for AI and data use. Individuals, researchers, and lawmakers are still trying to work out the kinks. Here are a few situations with legal and ethical dilemmas to consider:
7. In each stage of data processing there are possible issues that arise. Everyone has inherent bias in their thinking process which effects the objectivity of data.
8. Modeler’s Hippocratic Oath
US-AI vs China-AI – What does the race for AI mean for data science worldwide? Why is it getting a lot of attention these days?
Although it may still be recovering from the effects of the government shutdown, data science has received a lot of positive attention from the United States Government. Two major recent milestones include the OPEN Government Data Act, which passed in January as part of the Foundations for Evidence-Based Policymaking Act, and the American AI Initiative, which was signed as an executive order on February 11th.
The first thing to consider is why and more specifically the US administration has passed these recent measures. Although it’s not mentioned in either of the documents, any political correspondent who has been following these topics could easily explain that they are intended to stake a claim against China.
China has stated its intention to become the world leader in data science and AI by 2030. And with far more government access, data sets (a benefit of China being a surveillance state), and an estimated $15 billion in machine learning, they seem to be well on their way. In contrast, the US has only $1.1 billion budgeted annually for machine learning.
So rather than compete with the Chinese government directly, the US appears to have taken the approach of convincing the rest of the world to follow their lead, and not China’s. They especially want to direct this message to the top data science companies and researchers in the world (especially Google) to keep their interest in American projects.
On the surface, both the OPEN Government Data Act and the American AI Initiative strongly encourage government agencies to amp up their data science efforts. The former is somewhat self-explanatory in name, as it requires agencies to publish more machine-readable publicly available data and requires more use of this data in improved decision making. It imposes a few minimal standards for this and also establishes the position of Chief Data Officers at federal agencies. The latter is somewhat similar in that it orders government agencies to re-evaluate and designate more of their existing time and budgets towards AI use and development, also for better decision making.
Critics are quick to point out that the American AI Initiative does not allocate more resources for its intended purpose, nor does either measure directly impose incentives or penalties. This is not much of a surprise given the general trend of cuts to science funding under the Trump administration. Thus, the likelihood that government agencies will follow through with what these laws ‘require’ has been given skeptical estimations.
However, this is where it becomes important to remember the overall strategy of the current US administration. Both documents include copious amounts of values and standards that the US wants to uphold when it comes to data, machine learning, and artificial intelligence. These may be the key aspects that can hold up against China, having a government that receives a hefty share of international criticism for its use of surveillance and censorship. (Again, this has been a major sticking point for companies like Google.)
These are some of the major priorities brought forth in both measures: Make federal resources, especially data and algorithms, available to all data scientists and researchers; Prepare the workforce for technology changes like AI and optimization; Work internationally towards AI goals while maintaining American values; and finally, Create regulatory standards, to protect security and civil liberties in the use of data science.
So there you have it. Both countries are undeniably powerhouses for data science. China may have the numbers in its favor, but the US would like the world to know that they have an American spirit.
In short, the phrase “a rising tide lifts all ships” seems to fit here. While the US and China compete for data science dominance at the government level, everyone else can stand atop this growing body of innovations and make their own.
The thing data scientists can get excited about in the short term is the release of a lot of new data from US federal sources or the re-release of such data in machine-readable formats. The emphasis is on the public part – meaning that anyone, not just US federal employees or even citizens, can use this data. To briefly explain for those less experienced in the realm of machine learning and AI, having as much data to work with as possible helps scientists to train and test programs for more accurate predictions.
A lot of what made the government shutdown a dark period for data scientists suggests the possibility of a golden age shortly.
Learn about the different types of AI as a Service, including examples from the top three leading cloud providers – Azure, AWS, and GCP.
Artificial Intelligence as a Service (AIaaS) is an AI offering that you can use to incorporate AI functionality without in-house expertise. It enables organizations and teams to benefit from AI capabilities with less risk and investment than would otherwise be required.
Multiple types of AIaaS are currently available. The most common types include:
In addition to being a sign of how far AI has advanced in recent years, AIaaS has several wider implications for AI projects and technologies. A few exciting ways that AIaaS can help transform AI are covered below:
Robust AI development requires a complex system of integrations and support. If teams are only able to use AI development tools on a small range of platforms, advancements take longer to achieve because fewer organizations are working on compatible technologies. However, when vendors offer AIaaS, they help development teams overcome these challenges and speed advances.
Several significant AIaaS vendors have already encouraged growth. For example, AWS in partnership with NVIDIA provides access to GPUs used for AI as a Service. Or, Siemens and SAS, have partnered to include AI-based analytics in Siemens’ Industrial Internet of things (IIoT) software. As these vendors implement AI technologies, they help standardize the environmental support of AI.
AI as a Service eliminates much of the expertise and resources that are needed to develop and perform AI computations. This elimination can decrease the overall cost and increase the accessibility of AI for smaller organizations. This increased accessibility can drive innovation since teams that were previously prevented from using advanced AI tools can now compete with larger organizations.
Additionally, when small organizations are better equipped to incorporate AI capabilities, it is more likely to be adopted in previously lacking industries. This opens markets for AI that were previously inaccessible or unappealing and can drive the development of new offerings.
The natural cost curve of technologies decreases as resources become more widely available and demand increases. As demand increases for AIaaS, vendors can reliably invest to scale up their operations, driving down the cost for consumers. Additionally, as demand increases, hardware and software vendors will compete to produce those resources at a more competitive cost, benefiting AIaaS vendors and traditional AI developers alike.
Currently, all three major cloud providers offer some form of AIaaS services:
Azure provides AI capabilities in three different offerings—AI Services, AI Tools and Frameworks, and AI Infrastructure. Microsoft also recently announced that it is going to make the Azure Internet of Things Edge Runtime public. This enables developers to modify and customize applications for edge computing.
AI Services include:
AI Tools & Frameworks include Visual Studio tools, Azure Notebooks, virtual machines optimized for data science, various Azure migration tools, and the AI Toolkit for Azure IoT Edge.
Build a predictive model in Azure.
Amazon offers AI capabilities focused on AWS services and its consumer devices, including Alexa. These capabilities overlap significantly since many of AWS’ cloud services are built on the resources used for its consumer devices.
AWS’ primary services include:
Google has made serious efforts to market Google Cloud as an AI-first option, even rebranding its research division as “Google AI”. They have also invested in acquiring a significant number of AI start-ups, including DeepMind and Onward. All of this is reflected in their various offerings, including:
Cloud computing vendors and third-party service providers continue to extend capabilities into more realms, including AI and machine learning. Today, there are cognitive computing APIs that enable developers to leverage ready-made capabilities like NLP and computer vision. If you are into building your own models, you can use machine learning frameworks to fast-track development.
There are also bots and digital assistants that you can use to automate various services. Some services require configuration, but others are fully managed and come with a variety of licensing. Be sure to check the shared responsibility model offered by your provider, to ensure that you are fully compliant with regulatory requirements.
Artificial intelligence and machine learning are part of our everyday lives. These data science movies are my favorite.
Advanced artificial intelligence (AI) systems, humanoid robots, and machine learning are not just in science fiction movies anymore. We come across this technological advancement in our everyday life. Today our cellphones, cars, TV sets, and even household appliances are using machine learning to improve themselves.
As we advance towards faster connectivity and the possibility of making the Internet of Things (IoT) more common, the idea of machines taking over and controlling humans might sound funny, but there are some challenges that need attention, including ethical and moral dimensions of machines thinking and acting like humans.
Here we are going to talk about some amazing movies that bring to life these moral and ethical aspects of machine learning, artificial intelligence, and the power of data science. These data science movies are a must-watch for any enthusiast willing to learn data science.
This classic film by Stanley Kubrick addresses the most interesting possibilities that exist within the field of Artificial Intelligence. Scientists, like always, are misled by their pride when they develop a highly advanced 9000 series of computers. This AI system is programmed into a series of memory banks giving it the ability to solve complex problems and think like humans.
What humans don’t comprehend is that this superior and helpful technology has the ability to turn against them and signal the destruction of mankind. The movie is based on the Discovery One space mission to the planet Jupiter. Most aspects of this mission are controlled by H.A.L the advanced A.I program. H.A.L is portrayed as a humanistic control system with an actual voice and ability to communicate with the crew.
Initially, H.A.L seems to be a friendly advanced computer system, making sure the crew is safe and sound. But as we advance into the storyline, we realize that there is a glitch in this system, and what H.A.L is trying to do is fail the mission and kill the entire human crew. As the lead character, Dave tries to dismantle H.A.L we hear the horrifying words “I’m Sorry Dave.” This phrase has become iconic as it serves as a warning against allowing computers to take control of everything.
Christopher Nolan’s cinematic success won an Oscar for best visual effects and grossed over $677 million worldwide. The film is centered around astronauts’ journey to the far reaches of our galaxy to find a suitable planet for life as Earth is slowly dying. The lead character played by Oscar winner Matthew McConaughey, an astronaut and spaceship pilot, along with mission commander Brand and science specialists are heading towards a newly discovered wormhole.
The mission takes the astronauts on a spectacular interstellar journey through time and space, but at the same time they miss out on their own life back at home light years away. On board the spaceship, Endurance is a pair of quadrilateral robots called TARS and CASE. They surprisingly resemble the monoliths from 2001: A Space Odyssey.
TARS is one of the crew members of mission Endurance. TARS’ personality is witty, sarcastic, and humorous, traits programmed into him to make him a suitable companion for its human crew on this decades-long journey.
CASE’s mission is maintenance and operations of the Endurance in the absence of human crew members. CASE’s personality is quiet and reserved as opposed to TARS. TARS and CASE are true embodiments of the progress that human beings have made in AI technology, thus promising us great adventures in the future.
Based on the real-life story of Alan Turing, A.K.A. the father of modern computer science, The Imitation Game is centered around Turing and his team of code-breakers at top secret British Government Code and Cipher School. They’re determined to decipher the Nazi German military code called “Enigma”. Enigma is a key part of the Nazi military strategy to safely transmit important information to its units.
To crack this Enigma, Turing creates a primitive computer system that would consider permutations at a faster rate than any human. This achievement helped Allied forces ensure victory over Nazi German in the second world war. The movie not only portrays the impressive life of Alan Turning but also describes the important process of creating the first ever machine of its kind giving birth to the field of cryptography and cyber security.
The cult classic, Terminator, starring Arnold Schwarzenegger as a cyborg assassin from the future is the perfect combination of action, sci-fi technology, and personification of machine learning.
The humanistic cyborg is created by Cyberdyne Systems and is known as T-800 model 101. Designed specifically for infiltration and combat and is sent on a mission to kill Sarah Connor before she gives birth to John Connor, who would become the ultimate savior for humanity after the robotic uprising.
In this classic, we get to see advanced artificial intelligence in the works and how it has considered humanity the biggest threat to the world. Bent upon total destruction of the human race, only freedom fighters led by John Connor stand in their way. Therefore, sending The Terminator back in time to alter their future is the top priority.
The sequel to the 1982 original Blade runner has impressive visuals capturing the audience’s attention throughout the film. The story is about bio-engineered humans known as “Replicants” after the uprising of 2022 they are being hunted down by LAPD Blade Runner. Blade Runner is an officer who hunts and retires (kills) rogue replicants. Ryan Gosling stars as “K” hunting down replicants who are considered a threat to the world. Every decision he makes is based on analysis. The films explore the relationships and emotions of artificially intelligent beings and raise moral questions regarding freedom to live and the life of self-aware technology.
Will Smith stars as Chicago policeman Del Spooner in the year 2035. He is highly suspicious of the A.I technology, data science, and robots are being used as household helpers. One of these mass-produced robots (cueing in the data science / AI angle), named Sonny, goes rogue and is held responsible for the death of its owner. Its owner falls from a window on the 15th floor. Del investigates this murder and discovers a larger threat to humanity by Artificial Intelligence. As the investigation continues, there are multiple murder attempts on Del but he manages to barely escape with his life. The police detective continues to unravel mysterious threats from the A.I technology and tries to stop the mass uprising.
Minority Report and data science? That is correct! It is a 2002 action thriller directed by Steven Spielberg and starring Tom Cruise. The most common use of data science is using current data to infer new information, but here data are being used to predict crime predispositions. A group of humans gifted with psychic abilities (PreCogs) provide the Washington police force with information about crimes before they are committed.
Using visual data and other information by PreCogs, it is up to the PreCrime police unit to use data to explore the finer details of a crime in order to prevent it. However, things take a turn for the worst when one-day PreCogs predict John Anderson one of their own, is going to commit murder. To prove his innocence, he goes on a mission to find the “Minority Report” which is the prediction of the PreCog Agatha that might tell a different story and prove John’s innocence.
Her (2013) is a Spike Jones science fiction film starring Joaquin Phoenix as Theodore Twombly, a lonely and depressed writer. He is going through a divorce at the time and, to make things easier, purchases an advanced operating system with an A.I. virtual assistant designed to adapt and evolve. The virtual assistant names itself Samantha. Theodore is amazed at the operating system’s ability to emotionally connect with him. Samantha uses its highly advanced intelligence system to help with every one of Theodore’s needs, but now he’s facing an inner conflict of being in love with a machine.
The story is centered around a 26-year-old programmer, Caleb, who wins a competition to spend a week at a private mountain retreat belonging to the CEO of Blue Book, a search engine company. Soon afterward Caleb realizes he’s participating in an experiment to interact with the world’s first real artificially intelligent robot. In this British science fiction, A.I do not want world domination but simply want the same civil rights as humans.
The Machine is an Indie-British film centered around two artificial intelligence engineers who come together to create the first-ever, self-aware artificial intelligence machines. These machines are created for the Ministry of Defense. The Government’s intention is to create a lethal soldier for war. The cyborg told its designer, “I’m a part of the new world and you’re part of the old.” this chilling statement gives you the idea of what is to come next.
Transcendence is a story about a brilliant researcher in the field of Artificial Intelligence, Dr. Will Caster, played by Johnny Depp. He’s working on a project to create a conscious machine that combines the collective intelligence of everything along with the full range of human emotions. Dr. Caster has gained fame due to his ambitious project and controversial experiments. He’s also become a target for anti-technology extremists who is willing to do anything to stop him.
However, Dr. Caster becomes more determined to accomplish his ambitious goals and achieve the ultimate power. His wife Evelyn and best friend Max are concerned with Will’s unstoppable appetite for knowledge which is evolving into a terrifying quest for power.
A.I Artificial Intelligence is a science fiction drama directed by Steven Spielberg. The story takes us to the not-so-distant future where ocean waters are rising due to global warming and most coastal cities are flooded. Humans move to the interior of the continents and keep advancing their technology. One of the newest creations is realistic robots known as “Mechas”. Mechas are humanoid robots, very complex but lack emotions.
This changes when David, a prototype Mecha child capable of experiencing love, is developed. He is given to Henry and his wife Monica, whose son contracted a rare disease and has been placed in cryostasis. David is providing all the love and support for his new family, but things get complicated when Monica’s real son returns home after a cure is discovered. The film explores every possible emotional interaction humans could have with an emotionally capable A.I. technology.
Billy Beane, played by Brad Pitt, and his assistant, Peter Brand (Jonah Hill), are faced with the challenge of building a winning team for the Major League Baseball’s Oakland Athletics’ 2002 season with a limited budget. To overcome this challenge Billy uses Brand’s computer-generated statistical analysis to analyze and score players’ potential and assemble a highly competitive team. Using historical data and predictive modeling they manage to create a playoff-bound MLB team with a limited budget.
The 2011 American drama film written and directed by J.C. Chandor is based on the events of the 2007-08 global financial crises. The story takes place over a 24-hour period at a large Wall Street investment bank. One of the junior risk analysts discovers a major flaw in the risk models which has led their firm to invest in the wrong things, winding up at the brink of financial disaster.
A seemingly simple error is in fact affecting millions of lives. This is not only limited to the financial world. An economic crisis like this caused by flawed behavior between humans and machines can have trickle-down effects on ordinary people. Technology doesn’t exist in a bubble, it affects everyone around it and spreads exponentially. Margin Call explores the impact of technology and data science on our lives.
Ben Campbell, a mathematics student at MIT, is accepted at the prestigious Harvard Medical School but he’s unable to afford the $300,000 tuition. One of his professors at MIT, Micky Rosa (Kevin Spacey), asks him to join his blackjack team consisting of five other fellow students. Ben accepts the offer to win enough cash to pay his Harvard tuition. They fly to Las Vegas over the weekend to win millions of dollars using numbers, codes, and hand signals. This movie gives insights into Newton’s method and Fibonacci numbers from the perspective of six brilliant students and their professor.
Thanks for reading we hope you will enjoy our recommendations on data science-based movies. Also, check out the 18 Best Data Science Podcasts.
Want to learn more about AI, Machine Learning, and Data Science? Check out Data Science Dojo’s online Data Science Bootcamp program!
Artificial Intelligence (AI) has added ease to the job of content creators and webmasters. It has wonder us by introducing different inventions for work. Here you will learn how it is helping webmasters and content creators!
Technology has worked wonders for us. From using the earliest generation of computers with the capability of basic calculation to the era of digitization, where everything is digital, the world has changed quite swiftly. How did this happen?
The obvious answer would be “advancement in technology.” However, when you dig deep, the answer “advancement in technology” won’t be substantial. Another question may arise, “how advanced technology made possible and how has it changed the entire landscape?”. The answer to this particular question is the development of advanced algorithms that are capable of solving bigger problems.
These advanced algorithms are developed on the basis of Artificial Intelligence. Although, advanced technologies are often pronounced together and, in some situations, work in tandem with each other.
However, we will keep our focus only on Artificial Intelligence in this writing. You will find several definitions of Artificial Intelligence, but a simple definition of AI will be the ability of machines to work on their own without any input from mankind. This technology has revolutionized the landscape of technology and made the jobs of many people easier.
Content creators and webmasters around the world are also among those people. This writing is mainly focused on the topic of how it is helping content creators and webmasters to make their jobs easier. We put together a massive amount of details to help you understand the said topic.
Content creators and webmasters around the world want to serve their audience with the type of content they want. The worldwide audience also tends to appreciate the type of content that is capable of answering their questions and resolving their confusion.
This is where AI-backed tools can help webmasters and content creators to get ideas about the content their audience needs. For instance, AI-backed tools will come up with high-ranking queries and keywords searched on google regarding a specific niche or topic, and content creators can articulate content accordingly. Webmasters will also publish the content on their website after getting ideas about the choice of their audience.
The topmost concern of any content creator or webmaster will be the articulation of plagiarism-free content. Just a couple of decades earlier, it was quite problematic and laborious for content creators and webmasters to spot plagiarism in a given content. They had to dig a massive amount of content for this purpose.
This entire task of content validation took a huge amount of effort and time; besides, it was tiresome as well. However, it is not a difficult task these days. Whether you are a webmaster or a content creator, you can simply check plagiarism by pasting the content or its URL on an online plagiarism detector. Once you paste the content, you will get the plagiarism report in a matter of seconds.
It is because of this technology, that this laborious task became so easy and quick. The algorithms of the plagiarism checkers are based on this technology. This technology works on its own to understand the meaning of content given by the user and then find similar content, even if it is in a different language.
Not only that but the AI-backed algorithm of such a tool can also check patch plagiarism (the practice of changing a few words in a phrase). This whole process of finding plagiarism is easy because it enables webmasters and content creators to mold or rephrase content to avoid penalties imposed by search engines.
As mentioned earlier, an effective option to remove plagiarism from content is rephrasing or rewriting. However, in the fast-paced business environment, content creators and webmasters don’t have substantial time to rewrite or rephrase the plagiarized content.
Now a question like “what is the easiest method of paraphrasing plagiarized content?” may strike your mind. The answer to this question will be using a capable paraphrase tool. Advanced rewriting tools these days make it quite easier for everyone to remove plagiarism from their content.
These tools make use of AI-backed algorithms. These AI-backed algorithms first understand the meaning of the whole writing. Once the task of understanding the content is done, the tool rewrites the entire content by changing words where needed to remove plagiarism from it.
The best thing about this entire process is it happens in a quick time. If you try to do it yourself, it will take plenty of time and effort as well. Using an AI-backed paraphrasing tool will allow you to rewrite an article, business copy, blog, or anything else in a few minutes.
Another headache for webmasters and content creators is the use of their images by other sources. Not a long time ago, finding images or visuals created by you that are being used by other sources without your consent was difficult. You had to enter relevant queries and various other kinds of methods to find out the culprit.
However, it is quite easier these days, and credit obviously goes to AI. You may ask, “how?”. Well! We have an answer to this question. There are advanced image search methods that make use of machine learning and artificial intelligence to help you find similar images.
Suppose you are a webmaster or a content creator looking for the stolen images published from your end. All you have to do is search by image one by one, and you will get to see similar image results in a matter of seconds.
If you discover that certain sources are utilizing photographs that are your intellectual property without your permission, you can ask them to remove them, give you a backlink, or face the repercussions of copyright laws. This image search solution has made things a lot easier for content creators and webmasters and worried about copied and stolen images. No worries, because AI is here to assist you!
Artificial intelligence has certainly made a lot of things easier for us. If we focus our lens on the jobs of content creators and webmasters, it is helping them as well. From the creation of content to detecting plagiarism and paraphrasing it to remove plagiarism, it has shown to be quite beneficial to webmasters and content providers. It can also search for stolen or copied images using it. All these factors have made a huge impact on the web content creation industry. We hope it will help them in a number of other ways in the coming days because technology is seeing advancements rather swiftly.
Explore Google DialogFlow, a conversational AI Platform and use it to build a smart, contextually aware Chatbot.
Chatbots have become extremely popular in recent years and their use in the e-commerce industry has skyrocketed. They have found a strong foothold in almost every task that requires text-based public dealing. They have become so critical with customer support, for example that almost 25% of all customer service operations are expected to use them by the end of 2020.
Building a comprehensive and production-ready chatbot from scratch, however, is an almost impossible task. Tech companies like Google and Amazon have been able to achieve this feat after spending years and billions of dollars in research, something that not everyone with a use for a chatbot can afford.
Luckily, almost every player in the tech market (including Google and Amazon) allows businesses to purchase their technology platforms to design customized chatbots for their own use. These platforms have pre-trained language models and easy-to-use interfaces that make it extremely easy for new users to set up and deploy customized chatbots in no time.
In the previous blogs in our series on chatbots, we talked about how to build AI and rule based chatbots in Python. In this blog, we’ll be taking you through how to build a simple AI chatbot using Google’s DialogFlow:
DialogFlow is a natural language understanding platform (based on Google’s AI) that makes it easy to design and integrate a conversational user interface into your mobile app, web application, device, bot, interactive voice response system, and so on. Using DialogFlow, you can provide new and engaging ways for users to interact with your product.
We’re going to run through some of the basics of DialogFlow just so that you understand the vernacular when we build our chatbot.
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An Agent is what DialogFlow calls your chatbot. A DialogFlow Agent is a trained generative machine learning model that understands natural language flows and the nuances of human conversations. DialogFlow translates input text during a conversation to structured data that your apps and services can understand.
Intents are the starting point of a conversation in DialogFlow. When a user starts a conversation with a chatbot, DialogFlow matches the input to the best intent available.
A chatbot can have as many intents as required depending on the level of conversational detail a user wants the bot to have. Each intent has the following parameters:
Entities are information types of intent parameters which control how data from an input is extracted. They can be thought of as data types used in programming languages. DialogFlow includes many pre-defined entity types corresponding to common information types such as dates, times, days, colors, email addresses etc.
You can also define custom entity types for information that may be specific to your use case. In the example shared above, the “appointment type” would be an example of a custom entity.
DialogFlow uses contexts to keep track of where users are in a conversation. During the flow of a conversation, multiple intents may need to be called. DialogFlow uses contexts to carry a conversation between them. To make an intent follow on from another intent, you would create an output context from the first intent and place the same context in the input context field of the second intent.
In the example shared above, the conversation might have flowed in a different way.
In this specific conversation, the agent is performing 2 different tasks: authentication and booking.
When the user initiates the conversation, the Authentication Intent is called that verifies the user’s membership number. Once that has been verified, the Authentication Intent activates the Authentication Context and the Booking Intent is called.
In this situation, the Booking Intent knows that the user is allowed to book appointments because the Authentication Context is active. You can create and use as many contexts as you want in a conversation for your use case.
A conversation with a DialogFlow Agent flows in the following way:
In this tutorial, we’ll be building a simple customer services agent for a bank. The chatbot (named BankBot) will be able to:
It’s extremely easy to get started with DialogFlow. The first thing you’ll need to do is log in to DialogFlow. To do that, go to
https://dialogflow.cloud.google.com and login with your Google Account (or create one if you don’t have it).
Once you’re logged in, click on ‘Create Agent’ and give it a name.
To keep things simple, we’ll be focusing on training BankBot to respond to one static query initially; responding to when a user asks the Bank’s operational timings. For this we will teach BankBot a few phrases that it might receive as inputs and their corresponding responses.
The first thing we’ll do is create a new Intent. That can be done by clicking on the ‘+’ sign next to the ‘Intents’ tab on the left side panel. This intent will specifically be for answering queries about our bank’s working hours. Once on the ‘Create Intent’ Screen (as shown below), fill in the ‘Intent Name’ field.
Once the intent is created, we need to teach BankBot what phrases to look for. A list of sample phrases needs to be entered under ‘Training Phrases’. We don’t need to enter every possible phrase as BankBot will keep on learning from the inputs it receives thanks to Google’s machine learning.
After the training phrases, we need to tell BankBot how to respond if this intent is matched. Go ahead and type in your response in the ‘Responses’ field.
DialogFlow allows you to customize your responses based on the platform (Google Assistant, Facebook Messenger, Kik, Slack etc.) you will be deploying your chatbot on.
Once you’re happy with the response, go ahead and save the Intent by clicking on the Save button at the top.
Once you’ve saved your intent, you can see how its working right within DialogFlow.
To test BankBot, type in any user query in the text box labeled ‘Try it Now’.
Getting BankBot to set an appointment is mostly the same as answering static queries, with one extra step. To book an appointment, BankBot will need to know the date and time the user wants the appointment for. This can be done by teaching BankBot to extract this information from the user query – or to ask the user for this information in-case it is not provide in the initial query.
This process will be the same as how we created an intent in the previous example.
This will also be same as in the previous example except for one important difference. In this situation, there are 3 distinct ways in which the user can structure his initial query:
We’ll need to make sure to add examples of all 3 cases in our Training Phrases. We don’t need to enter every possible phrase as BankBot will keep on learning from the inputs it receives.
BankBot will need additional information (the date and time) to book an appointment for the user. This can be done by defining the date and time as ‘Parameters’ in the Intent.
For every defined parameter, DialogFlow requires the following information:
DialogFlow automatically extracts any parameters it finds in user inputs (notice that the time and date information in the training phrases has automatically been color-coded according to the parameters).
After the training phrases, we need to tell BankBot how to respond if this intent is matched. Go ahead and type in your response in the ‘Responses’ field.
DialogFlow allows you to customize your responses based on the platform (Google Assistant, Facebook Messenger, Kik, Slack etc.) you will be deploying your chatbot on.
Once you’re happy with the response, go ahead and save the Intent by clicking on the Save button at the top.
Once you’ve saved your intent, you can see how its working right within DialogFlow.
To test BankBot, type in any user query in the text box labeled ‘Try it Now’
Example 1: All parameters present in the initial query.
Example 2: When complete information is not present in the initial query.
DialogFlow has made it exceptionally easy to build extremely functional and fully customizable chatbots with little effort. The purpose of this tutorial was to give you an introduction to building chatbots and to help you get familiar with the foundational concepts of the platform.
Other Conversational AI tools use almost the same concepts as were discussed, so these should be transferable to any platform.
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