Learn to build large language model applications: vector databases, langchain, fine tuning and prompt engineering. Learn more

prompt engineering

Large language models (LLMs) are trained on massive textual data to generate creative and contextually relevant content. Since enterprises are utilizing LLMs to handle information effectively, they must understand the structure behind these powerful tools and the challenges associated with them.

One such component worthy of attention is the llm context window. It plays a crucial role in the development and evolution of LLM technology to enhance the way users interact with information.

In this blog, we will navigate the paradox around LLM context windows and explore possible solutions to overcome the challenges associated with large context windows. However, before we dig deeper into the topic, it’s essential to understand what LLM context windows are and their importance in the world of language models.

What are LLM context windows?

An LLM context window acts like a lens providing perspective to a large language model. The window keeps shifting to ensure a constant flow of information for an LLM as it engages with the user’s prompts and inputs. Thus, it becomes a short-term memory for LLMs to access when generating outputs.


Understanding the llm context window
A visual to explain context windows – Source: TechTarget


The functionality of a context window can be summarized through the following three aspects:

  • Focal word – Focuses on a particular word and the surrounding text, usually including a few nearby sentences in the data
  • Contextual information – Interprets the meaning and relationship between words to understand the context and provide relevant output for the users
  • Window size – Determines the amount of data and contextual information that is quickly accessible to the LLM when generating a response

Thus, context windows bae their function on the above aspects to assist LLMs in creating relevant and accurate outputs. These aspects also lay down a basis for the context window paradox that we aim to explore here.


Large language model bootcamp


What is the context window paradox?

It is a dilemma that revolves around the size of context windows. While it is only logical to expect large context windows to be beneficial, there are two sides to this argument.

Curious about the Curse of Dimensionality, Context Window Paradox, Lost in the Middle Problem in LLMs and more? Catch Jerry Liu, Co-founder and CEO of LlamaIndex, simplifying these complex topics for you.

Tune in to our podcast now!

Side One

It elaborates on the benefits of large context windows. With a wider lens, LLMs get access to more textual data and information. It enables an LLM to study more data, forming better connections between words and generating improved contextual information.

Thus, the LLM generates enhanced outputs with better understanding and a coherent flow of information. It also assists language models to handle complex tasks more efficiently.

Side Two

While larger windows give access to more contextual information, it also increases the amount of data for LLMs to process. It makes it challenging to identify useful knowledge from irrelevant details in large amounts of data, overwhelming LLMs at the cost of degraded performance.

Thus, it makes the size of LLM context windows a paradoxical matter where users have to look for the right trade-off between improved contextual information and the high performance of LLMs. It leads one to decide how much information is a good amount for an efficient LLM.

Before we elaborate further on the paradox, let’s understand the role and importance of context windows in LLMs.

Why do context windows matter in LLMs?

LLM context windows are important in ensuring the efficient working of LLMs. Their multifaceted role is described below.

Understanding language nuances

The focused perspective of context windows provides surrounding information in data, enabling LLMs to better understand the nuances of language. The model becomes trained to grasp the meaning and intent behind words. It empowers an LLM to perform the following tasks:

Machine translation

An LLM uses a context window to identify the nuances of language and contextual information to create the most appropriate translation. It caters to the understanding of context within an entire sentence or paragraph to ensure efficient machine translation.

Question answering

Understanding contextual information is crucial when answering questions. With relevant information on the situation and setting, it is easier to generate an informative answer. Using a context window, LLMs can identify the relevant parts of the conversation and avoid irrelevant tangents.

Coherent text generation

LLMs use context windows to generate text that aligns with the preceding information. By analyzing the context, the model can maintain coherence, tone, and overall theme in its response. This is important for tasks like:


Conversational engagement relies on a high level of coherence. It is particularly used in chatbots where the model remembers past interactions within a conversation. With the use of context windows, a chatbot can create a more natural and engaging conversation.

Here’s a step-by-step guide to building LLM chatbots.



Creative textual responses

LLMs can create creative content like poems, essays, and other texts. A context window allows an LLM to understand the desired style and theme from the given dataset to create creative responses that are more relevant and accurate.

Contextual learning

Context is a crucial element for LLMs which becomes more accessible with context windows. Analyzing the relevant data with a focus on words and text of interest allows an LLM to learn and adapt their responses. It becomes useful for uses like:

Virtual assistants

Virtual assistants are designed to help users in real-time. Context window enables the assistant to remember past requests and preferences to provide more personalized and helpful service.

Open-ended dialogues

In ongoing conversations, the context window allows the LLM to track the flow of the dialogue and tailor its responses accordingly.

Hence, context windows act as a lens through which LLMs view and interpret information. The size and effectiveness of this perspective significantly impact the LLM’s ability to understand and respond to language in a meaningful way. This brings us back to the size of a context window and the associated paradox.

The context window paradox: Is bigger, not better?

While a bigger context window ensures LLM’s access to more information and better details for contextual relevance, it comes at a cost. Let’s take a look at some of the drawbacks for LLMs that come with increasing the context window size.

Information overload

Too much information can overwhelm a language model just like humans. Too much text leads to an information overload that includes irrelevant information that can become a distraction for an LLM.

It makes it difficult for LLMs to focus on key knowledge aspects within the context, making it difficult to generate effective responses to queries. Moreover, a large textual dataset also requires more computational resources, resulting in more expense and slower LLM performance.

Getting lost in data

Even with a larger window for data access, an LLM can process limited information effectively. In a wider span of data, an LLM can focus on the edges. It results in LLMs prioritizing the data at the start and end of a window, missing out on important information in the middle.

Moreover, mismanaged truncation to fit a large window size can result in the loss of essential information. As a result, it can compromise the quality of the results produced by the LLM.

Poor information management

A wider LLM context window means a larger context that can lead to poor handling and management of information or data. With too much noise in the data, it becomes difficult for an LLM to differentiate between important and unimportant information.

It can create redundancy or contradictions in produced results, harming the credibility and efficiency of a large language model. Moreover, it creates a possibility for bias amplification, leading to misleading outputs.

Long-range dependencies

With a focus on concepts spread far apart in large context windows, it can become challenging for an LLM to understand relationships between words and concepts. It limits the LLM’s ability for tasks requiring historical analysis or cause-and-effect relationships.

Thus, large context windows offer advantages but with some limitations. The best approach is to find the right balance between context size, efficiency, and the specific task at hand is crucial for optimal LLM performance.


How generative AI and LLMs work


Techniques to address context window paradox

Let’s look at some techniques that can assist you in optimizing the use of large context windows. Each one explores ways to find the optimal balance between context size and LLM performance.

Prioritization and attention mechanisms

Attention mechanism techniques can be used to focus on crucial and most relevant information within a context window. Hence, an LLM does not have to deal with the entire flow of information and can only focus on the highlighted parts within the window, enhancing its overall performance.

Strategic truncation

Since all the information within a context window is not important or equally relevant, truncation can be used to strategically remove unrelated details. The core elements of the text needed for the task are preserved while the unnecessary information is removed, avoiding information overload on the LLM.



Retrieval augmented generation (RAG)

This technique integrates an LLM with a retrieval system containing a vast external knowledge base to find information specifically relevant to the current prompt and context window. This allows the LLM to access a wider range of information without being overwhelmed by a massive internal window.

Prompt engineering

It focuses on crafting clear instructions for the LLM to efficiently utilize the context window. Clear and focused prompts can guide the LLM toward relevant information within the context, enhancing the LLM’s efficiency in utilizing context windows.


Here’s a 10-step guide to becoming a prompt engineer


Optimizing training data

It is a useful practice to organize training data, creating well-defined sections, summaries, and clear topic shifts, helping the LLM learn to navigate larger contexts more effectively. The structured information makes it easier for an LLM to process data within the context window.

These techniques can help us address the context window paradox and leverage the benefits of larger context windows while mitigating their drawbacks.

The Future of Context Windows in LLMs

We have looked at the varying aspects of LLM context windows and the paradox involving their size. With the right approach, technique, and balance, it is possible to choose the optimal context window size for an LLM. Moreover, it also highlights the need to focus on the potential of context windows beyond the paradox around their size.

The future is expected to transition from cramming more information into a context window to ward smarter context utilization. Moreover, advancements in attention mechanisms and integration with external knowledge bases will also play a role, allowing LLMs to pinpoint truly relevant information regardless of window size.


Explore a hands-on curriculum that helps you build custom LLM applications!


Ultimately, the goal is for LLMs to become context masters, understanding not just the “what” but also the “why” within the information they process. This will pave the way for LLMs to tackle even more intricate tasks and generate responses that are both informative and human-like.

April 22, 2024

Prompt engineering is the process of designing and refining prompts that are given to large language models (LLMs) to get them to generate the desired output.

The beginning of prompt engineering

The history of prompt engineering can be traced back to the early days of artificial intelligence when researchers were experimenting with ways to get computers to understand and respond to natural language.

Learn in detail about —> Prompt Engineering

Best practices for prompt engineering
Best practices for prompt engineering

One of the earliest examples of prompt engineering was the work of Terry Winograd in the 1970s. Winograd developed a system called SHRDLU that could answer questions about a simple block world. SHRDLU was able to do this by using a set of prompts that were designed to help it understand the context of the question.

Large language model bootcamp

In the 1980s, prompt engineering became more sophisticated as researchers developed new techniques for training LLMs. One of the most important techniques was backpropagation, which allowed Large Language Models to learn from their mistakes. This made it possible to train LLMs on much larger datasets, leading to significant performance improvements.

In the 2010s, the development of deep learning led to a new wave of progress in prompt engineering. Deep learning models are able to learn much more complex relationships between words than previous models. This has made it possible to create prompts that are much more effective at controlling the output of LLMs.

Today, prompt engineering is a critical tool for researchers and developers who are working with LLMs. It is used in a wide variety of applications, including machine translation, text summarization, and creative writing.

Myths vs facts in prompt engineering

Have you tried any of these fun prompts?

  • In the field of machine translation, one researcher tried to get an LLM to translate the phrase “I am a large language model” into French. The LLM responded with “Je suis un grand modèle linguistique”, which is a grammatically correct translation, but it also happens to be the name of a popular French cheese.
  • In the field of text summarization, one researcher tried to get an LLM to summarize the plot of the movie “The Shawshank Redemption”. The LLM responded with a summary that was surprisingly accurate, but it also included a number of jokes and puns.
  • In the field of creative writing, one researcher tried to get an LLM to write a poem about a cat. The LLM responded with a poem that was both funny and touching.

These are just a few examples of the many funny prompts that people have tried with LLMs. As LLMs become more powerful, it is likely that we will see even more creative and entertaining uses of prompt engineering.

Want to improve your prompting skills? Click below:

Learn More                  

Some unknown facts about Prompt Engineering

  • It is a relatively new field, and there is still much that we do not know about it. However, it is a rapidly growing field, and there are many exciting new developments happening all the time.
  • The effectiveness of a prompt can depend on a number of factors, including the specific LLM being used, the training data that the LLM has been trained in, and the context in which the prompt is being used.
  • There are a number of different techniques that can be used for prompt engineering, and the best technique to use will depend on the specific application.
  • It can be used to control a wide variety of aspects of the output of an LLM, including the length, style, and content of the output.
  • It can be used to generate creative and interesting text, as well as to solve complex problems.
  • It is a powerful tool that can be used to unlock the full potential of LLMs.


Learn how to become a prompt engineer in 10 steps 

10 steps to become a prompt engineer
10 steps to become a prompt engineer

Here are some specific examples of important and unknown facts about prompting:

  • It is possible to use prompts to control the creativity of an LLM. For example, one study found that adding the phrase “in a creative way” to a prompt led to more creative outputs from the LLM.
  • Prompts can be used to generate text that is consistent with a particular style. For example, one study found that adding the phrase “in the style of Shakespeare” to a prompt led to outputs that were more Shakespearean in style.
  • Prompts can be used to solve complex problems. For example, one study found that adding the phrase “prove that” to a prompt led to the LLM generating mathematical proofs.
  • It is a complex and challenging task. There is no one-size-fits-all approach to prompt engineering, and the best way to create effective prompts will vary depending on the specific application.
  • It is a rapidly evolving field. There are new developments happening all the time, and the field is constantly growing and changing.

Most popular myths and facts of prompt engineering

In this ever-evolving realm, it’s crucial to discern fact from fiction to stay ahead of the curve. Our team of experts has meticulously sifted through the noise to present you with the most accurate insights, dispelling myths that might have clouded your understanding. Let’s delve into the heart of prompting and uncover the truths that can drive your success.

Myth: Prompt engineering is just about keywords

Fact: Prompt engineering is a symphony of elements

Gone are the days when prompt engineering was solely about sprinkling keywords like confetti. Today, it’s a meticulous symphony of various components working harmoniously. While keywords remain pivotal, they’re just one part of the grand orchestra. Structured data, user intent analysis, and contextual relevance are the unsung heroes that make your prompt engineering soar. Balancing these elements crafts a narrative that resonates with both users and search engines.

Myth: More prompts, higher results

Fact: Quality over quantity

Quantity might impress at first glance, but it’s quality that truly wields power in the world of prompt engineering. Crafting a handful of compelling, highly relevant prompts that align seamlessly with your content yields far superior results than flooding your page with irrelevant ones. Remember, it’s the value you provide that keeps users engaged, not the sheer number of prompts you throw their way.

Myth: Prompt engineering is a one-time task

Fact: Ongoing optimization is the key

Imagine your website as a garden that requires constant tending. Similarly, prompt engineering demands continuous attention. Regularly analyzing the performance of your prompts and adapting to shifting trends is paramount. This ensures that your content remains evergreen and resonates with the dynamic preferences of your audience.

Myth: Creativity has no place in prompt engineering

Fact: Creativity elevates engagement

While prompt engineering involves a systematic approach, creativity is the secret ingredient that adds flavor to the mix. Crafting prompts that spark curiosity, evoke emotion, or present a unique perspective can exponentially boost user engagement. Metaphors, analogies, and storytelling are potent tools that, when woven into your prompts, make your content unforgettable.

Myth: Only text prompts matter

Fact: Diversify with various formats

Text prompts are undeniably significant, but limiting yourself to them is a missed opportunity. Embrace a diverse range of prompt formats to cater to different learning styles and preferences.

Visual prompts, such as infographics and videos, engage visual learners, while audio prompts cater to those who prefer auditory learning. The more versatile your prompt formats, the broader your audience reaches.

Myth: Prompt engineering and SEO are unrelated

Fact: Symbiotic relationship

Prompt engineering and SEO are not isolated islands; they’re interconnected domains that thrive on collaboration. Solid prompt engineering bolsters SEO by providing search engines with the context they crave. Conversely, a well-optimized website enhances prompt engineering, as it ensures your content is easily discoverable by your target audience.

Myth: Complex language boosts credibility

Fact: Clarity trumps complexity

Using complex jargon might seem like a credibility booster, but it often does more harm than good. Clear, concise prompts that resonate with a broader audience hold more weight. Remember, the goal is not to showcase your vocabulary prowess but to communicate effectively and establish a genuine connection with your readers.

Myth: Prompt engineering is set-and-forget

Fact: Continuous monitoring is vital

Once you’ve orchestrated your prompts, it’s not time to sit back and relax. The digital landscape is in perpetual motion, and so should be your approach to prompt engineering. Monitor the performance of your prompts regularly, employing data analytics to identify patterns and make informed adjustments that keep your content relevant and engaging.

Myth: Only experts can master prompt engineering

Fact: Learning and iteration lead to mastery

While prompt engineering might appear daunting, it’s a skill that can be honed with dedication and a willingness to learn. Don’t shy away from experimentation and iteration. Embrace the insights gained from your data, be open to refining your approach, and gradually you’ll find yourself mastering the art of prompt engineering.

Get on the journey of prompt engineering

Prompt engineering is a dynamic discipline that demands both strategy and creativity. Dispelling these myths and embracing the facts will propel your content to new heights, setting you apart from the competition. Remember, prompt engineering is not a one-size-fits-all solution; it’s an evolving journey of discovery that, when approached with dedication and insight, can yield remarkable results

August 21, 2023

Large language models (LLMs) are a type of artificial intelligence (AI) that are trained on a massive dataset of text and code. They can generate text, translate languages, write different kinds of creative content, and answer your questions in an informative way.

Before we dive into the impact Large Language Models will create on different areas of work, let’s test your knowledge in the domain.

Are you a Large Language Models expert? Test your knowledge with our quiz | Data Science Dojo

Large Language Models quiz to test your knowledge



Are you interested in leveling up your knowledge of Large Language Models? Click below:

Learn More                  


Why are LLMs the next big thing to learn about?

Knowing about LLMs can be important for scaling your career in a number of ways.


Large language model bootcamp


  • LLMs are becoming increasingly powerful and sophisticated. As LLMs become more powerful and sophisticated, they are being used in a variety of applications, such as machine translation, chatbots, and creative writing. This means that there is a growing demand for people who understand how to use LLMs effectively.
  • Prompt engineering is a valuable skill that can be used to improve the performance of LLMs in a variety of tasks. By understanding how to engineer prompts, you can get the most out of LLMs and use them to accomplish a variety of tasks. This is a valuable skill that can be used to improve the performance of LLMs in a variety of tasks.
  • Learning about LLMs and prompt engineering can help you to stay ahead of the curve in the field of AI. As LLMs become more powerful and sophisticated, they will have a significant impact on a variety of industries. By understanding how LLMs work, you will be better prepared to take advantage of this technology in the future.

Here are some specific examples of how knowing about LLMs can help you to scale your career:

  • If you are a software engineer, you can use LLMs to automate tasks, such as code generation and testing. This can free up your time to focus on more strategic work.
  • If you are a data scientist, you can use LLMs to analyze large datasets and extract insights. This can help you to make better decisions and improve your business performance.
  • If you are a marketer, you can use LLMs to create personalized content and generate leads. This can help you to reach your target audience and grow your business.


Overall, knowing about LLMs can be a valuable asset for anyone who is looking to scale their career. By understanding how LLMs work and how to use them effectively, you can become a more valuable asset to your team and your company.

Here are some additional reasons why knowing about LLMs can be important for scaling your career:

  • LLMs are becoming increasingly popular. As LLMs become more popular, there will be a growing demand for people who understand how to use them effectively. This means that there will be more opportunities for people who have knowledge of LLMs.
  • LLMs are a rapidly developing field. The field of LLMs is constantly evolving, and there are new developments happening all the time. This means that there is always something new to learn about LLMs, which can help you to stay ahead of the curve in your career.
  • LLMs are a powerful tool that can be used to solve a variety of problems. LLMs can be used to solve a variety of problems, from machine translation to creative writing. This means that there are many different ways that you can use your knowledge of LLMs to make a positive impact in the world.


Read more about —->> How to deploy custom LLM applications for your business 

August 1, 2023

In today’s era of advanced artificial intelligence, language models like OpenAI’s GPT-3.5 have captured the world’s attention with their astonishing ability to generate human-like text. However, to harness the true potential of these models, it is crucial to master the art of prompt engineering.

How to curate a good prompt?

A well-crafted prompt holds the key to unlocking accurate, relevant, and insightful responses from language models. In this blog post, we will explore the top characteristics of a good prompt and discuss why everyone should learn prompt engineering. We will also delve into the question of whether prompt engineering might emerge as a dedicated role in the future.

Best practices for prompt engineering
Best practices for prompt engineering – Data Science Dojo


Prompt engineering refers to the process of designing and refining input prompts for AI language models to produce desired outputs. It involves carefully crafting the words, phrases, symbols, and formats used as input to guide the model in generating accurate and relevant responses. The goal of prompt engineering is to improve the performance and output quality of the language model.


Here’s a simple example to illustrate prompt engineering:

Imagine you are using a chatbot AI model to provide information about the weather. Instead of a generic prompt like “What’s the weather like?”, prompt engineering involves crafting a more specific and detailed prompt like “What is the current temperature in New York City?” or “Will it rain in London tomorrow?”


Read about —> Which AI chatbot is right for you in 2023


By providing a clear and specific prompt, you guide the AI model to generate a response that directly answers your question. The choice of words, context, and additional details in the prompt can influence the output of the AI model and ensure it produces accurate and relevant information.

Quick exercise –> Choose the most suitable prompt


Prompt engineering is crucial because it helps optimize the performance of AI models by tailoring the input prompts to the desired outcomes. It requires creativity, understanding of the language model, and attention to detail to strike the right balance between specificity and relevance in the prompts.

Different resources provide guidance on best practices and techniques for prompt engineering, considering factors like prompt formats, context, length, style, and desired output. Some platforms, such as OpenAI API, offer specific recommendations and examples for effective prompt engineering.


Why everyone should learn prompt engineering:


Prompt engineering - Marketoonist
Prompt Engineering | Credits: Marketoonist


1. Empowering communication: Effective communication is at the heart of every interaction. By mastering prompt engineering, individuals can enhance their ability to extract precise and informative responses from language models. Whether you are a student, professional, researcher, or simply someone seeking knowledge, prompt engineering equips you with a valuable tool to engage with AI systems more effectively.

2. Tailored and relevant information: A well-designed prompt allows you to guide the language model towards providing tailored and relevant information. By incorporating specific details and instructions, you can ensure that the generated responses align with your desired goals. Prompt engineering enables you to extract the exact information you seek, saving time and effort in sifting through irrelevant or inaccurate results.

3. Enhancing critical thinking: Crafting prompts demand careful consideration of context, clarity, and open-endedness. Engaging in prompt engineering exercises cultivates critical thinking skills by challenging individuals to think deeply about the subject matter, formulate precise questions, and explore different facets of a topic. It encourages creativity and fosters a deeper understanding of the underlying concepts.

4. Overcoming bias: Bias is a critical concern in AI systems. By learning prompt engineering, individuals can contribute to reducing bias in generated responses. Crafting neutral and unbiased prompts helps prevent the introduction of subjective or prejudiced language, resulting in more objective and balanced outcomes.


Top characteristics of a good prompt with examples

Prompting example
An example of a good prompt – Credits Gridfiti



A good prompt possesses several key characteristics that can enhance the effectiveness and quality of the responses generated. Here are the top characteristics of a good prompt:

1. Clarity:

A good prompt should be clear and concise, ensuring that the desired question or topic is easily understood. Ambiguous or vague prompts can lead to confusion and produce irrelevant or inaccurate responses.


Good Prompt: “Explain the various ways in which climate change affects the environment.”

Poor Prompt: “Climate change and the environment.”

2. Specificity:

Providing specific details or instructions in a prompt help focus the generated response. By specifying the context, parameters, or desired outcome, you can guide the language model to produce more relevant and tailored answers.


Good Prompt: “Provide three examples of how rising temperatures due to climate change impact marine ecosystems.”
Poor Prompt: “Talk about climate change.”

3. Context:

Including relevant background information or context in the prompt helps the language model understand the specific domain or subject matter. Contextual cues can improve the accuracy and depth of the generated response.


Good Prompt: “In the context of agricultural practices, discuss how climate change affects crop yields.”

Poor Prompt: “Climate change effects

4. Open-endedness:

While specificity is important, an excessively narrow prompt may limit the creativity and breadth of the generated response. Allowing room for interpretation and open-ended exploration can lead to more interesting and diverse answers.


Good Prompt: “Describe the short-term and long-term consequences of climate change on global biodiversity.”

Poor Prompt: “List the effects of climate change.”


Large language model bootcamp

5. Conciseness:

Keeping the prompt concise helps ensure that the language model understands the essential elements and avoids unnecessary distractions. Lengthy or convoluted prompts might confuse the model and result in less coherent or relevant responses.

Good Prompt: “Summarize the key impacts of climate change on coastal communities.”

Poor Prompt: “Please explain the negative effects of climate change on the environment and people living near the coast.”

6. Correct grammar and syntax:

A well-structured prompt with proper grammar and syntax is easier for the language model to interpret accurately. It reduces ambiguity and improves the chances of generating coherent and well-formed responses.


Good Prompt: “Write a paragraph explaining the relationship between climate change and species extinction.”
Poor Prompt: “How species extinction climate change.”

7. Balanced complexity:

The complexity of the prompt should be appropriate for the intended task or the model’s capabilities. Extremely complex prompts may overwhelm the model, while overly simplistic prompts may not challenge it enough to produce insightful or valuable responses.


Good Prompt: “Discuss the interplay between climate change, extreme weather events, and natural disasters.”

Poor Prompt: “Climate change and weather.”

8. Diversity in phrasing:

When exploring a topic or generating multiple responses, varying the phrasing or wording of the prompt can yield diverse perspectives and insights. This prevents the model from repeating similar answers and encourages creative thinking.


Good Prompt: “How does climate change influence freshwater availability?” vs. “Explain the connection between climate change and water scarcity.”

Poor Prompt: “Climate change and water.

9. Avoiding leading or biased language:

To promote neutrality and unbiased responses, it’s important to avoid leading or biased language in the prompt. Using neutral and objective wording allows the language model to generate more impartial and balanced answers.


Good Prompt: “What are the potential environmental consequences of climate change?”

Poor Prompt: “How does climate change devastate the environment?”

10. Iterative refinement:

Crafting a good prompt often involves an iterative process. Reviewing and refining the prompt based on the generated responses can help identify areas of improvement, clarify instructions, or address any shortcomings in the initial prompt.


Prompt iteration involves an ongoing process of improvement based on previous responses and refining the prompts accordingly. Therefore, there is no specific example to provide, as it is a continuous effort.

By considering these characteristics, you can create prompts that elicit meaningful, accurate, and relevant responses from the language model.


Read about —-> How LLMs (Large Language Models) technology is making chatbots smarter in 2023?


Two different approaches of prompting

Prompting by instruction and prompting by example are two different approaches to guide AI language models in generating desired outputs. Here’s a detailed comparison of both approaches, including reasons and situations where each approach is suitable:

1. Prompting by instruction:

  • In this approach, the prompt includes explicit instructions or explicit questions that guide the AI model on how to generate the desired output.
  • It is useful when you need specific control over the generated response or when you want the model to follow a specific format or structure.
  • For example, if you want the AI model to summarize a piece of text, you can provide an explicit instruction like “Summarize the following article in three sentences.”
  • Prompting by instruction is suitable when you need a precise and specific response that adheres to a particular requirement or when you want to enforce a specific behavior in the model.
  • It provides clear guidance to the model and allows you to specify the desired outcome, length, format, style, and other specific requirements.


Learn to build LLM applications


Examples of prompting by instruction:

  1. In a classroom setting, a teacher gives explicit verbal instructions to students on how to approach a new task or situation, such as explaining the steps to solve a math problem.
  2. In Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA), a therapist provides a partial physical prompt by using their hands to guide a student’s behavior in the right direction when teaching a new skill.
  3. When using AI language models, an explicit instruction prompt can be given to guide the model’s behavior. For example, providing the instruction “Summarize the following article in three sentences” to prompt the model to generate a concise summary.


Tips for prompting by instruction:

    • Put the instructions at the beginning of the prompt and use clear markers like “A:” to separate instructions and context.
    • Be specific, descriptive, and detailed about the desired context, outcome, format, style, etc.
    • Articulate the desired output format through examples, providing clear guidelines for the model to follow.


2. Prompting by example:

  • In this approach, the prompt includes examples of the desired output or similar responses that guide the AI model to generate responses based on those examples.
  • It is useful when you want the model to learn from specific examples and mimic the desired behavior.
  • For example, if you want the AI model to answer questions about a specific topic, you can provide example questions and their corresponding answers.
  • Prompting by example is suitable when you want the model to generate responses similar to the provided examples or when you want to capture the style, tone, or specific patterns from the examples.
  • It allows the model to learn from the given examples and generalize its behavior based on them.


Examples of prompting by example:

  1. In a classroom, a teacher shows students a model essay as an example of how to structure and write their own essays, allowing them to learn from the demonstrated example.
  2. In AI language models, providing example questions and their corresponding answers can guide the model in generating responses similar to the provided examples. This helps the model learn the desired behavior and generalize it to new questions.
  3. In an online learning environment, an instructor provides instructional prompts in response to students’ discussion forum posts, guiding the discussion and encouraging deep understanding. These prompts serve as examples for the entire class to enhance the learning experience.


Tips for prompting by example:

    • Provide a variety of examples to capture different aspects of the desired behavior.
    • Include both positive and negative examples to guide the model on what to do and what not to do.
    • Gradually refine the examples based on the model’s responses, iteratively improving the desired behavior.


Which prompting approach is right for you?

Prompting by instruction provides explicit guidance and control over the model’s behavior, while prompting by example allows the model to learn from provided examples and mimic the desired behavior. The choice between the two approaches depends on the level of control and specificity required for the task at hand. It’s also possible to combine both approaches in a single prompt to leverage the benefits of each approach for different parts of the task or desired behavior.

To become proficient in prompt engineering, register now in our upcoming Large Language Models Bootcamp

July 12, 2023

Related Topics

Machine Learning
Generative AI
Data Visualization
Data Security
Data Science
Data Engineering
Data Analytics
Computer Vision
Artificial Intelligence