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Comprehensive AI act – Tech revolution by European Union

Data Science Dojo
Data Science Dojo

December 10

The European Union’s adoption of the AI Act marks a significant milestone in regulating the use of artificial intelligence (AI). This act is the world’s first comprehensive AI law, setting a precedent for how AI should be developed, marketed, and used while respecting human rights, ensuring safety, and promoting democratic values.

 

EU AI Act

Key aspects of the EU AI act

  1. Risk-based classification: AI systems are classified according to their potential risk, with specific regulations tailored to each category. This includes prohibited, high-risk, and lower-risk AI systems, ensuring a balanced approach that considers both innovation and safet​​y.
  2. Prohibitions and restrictions: Certain uses of AI are banned, including those that pose unacceptable risks, such as cognitive behavioral manipulation and social scoring. Additionally, restrictions are placed on the use of facial recognition technology in public spaces​​​​.
  3. Human oversight and rights protection: The act emphasizes the need for human oversight in AI decision-making processes and the protection of fundamental rights. This is crucial to prevent potential abuses and ensure that AI systems do not infringe on individual libertie​s.
  4. Transparency and accountability: Transparency in how AI systems operate and their decision-making processes is mandated, along with accountability mechanisms. This is essential to building trust and allowing for effective oversight and contro​​l.

 

 

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Statements from officials

 

  • Ursula von der Leyen, President of the European Commission, emphasized the AI Act’s role in ensuring safe AI that respects fundamental rights and democrac​​y.

  • Commissioner Breton highlighted the historic nature of the act, which positions the EU as a leader in setting clear rules for AI use.

Provisions of the AI Act regarding high-risk AI systems

 

 

EU's Artificial Intelligence (AI) Act - Civilsdaily

 

 

Under the AI Act, high-risk AI systems face more stringent rules and regulations to ensure their safe use. High-risk AI systems are those that have a significant impact on safety or fundamental rights.

These systems fall into either of two broad categories.

  • The first category includes AI systems used in products that come under the EU’s product safety legislation, which encompasses fields as diverse as toys, aviation, cars, and medical devices.
  • The second category covers eight specific areas, including biometric identification of natural persons, management of critical infrastructure, education and vocational training, employment and access to self-employment, law enforcement, and legal matters, among others.

To ensure the safety and transparency of these high-risk AI systems, the AI Act mandates that all such systems be extensively evaluated before being introduced to the market and subject them to consistent monitoring throughout their operational lifecycle.

This prior verification aims at ensuring compliance with important provisions concerning the quality of datasets used, technical and documentation requirements, transparency and provision of information to users, and effective oversight.

Overall, the AI Act imposes extensive obligations on both providers and users of high-risk AI systems. By imposing stringent measures, the act ensures that businesses and individuals using these systems do so responsibly and safely, promoting trust in AI systems while ensuring consumer protection.

 

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Transparency requirements for AI systems

Under the Artificial Intelligence Act, AI systems are required to meet several transparency requirements.

First of all, users should be made aware when they are interacting with an AI system. This is particularly applicable to AI systems that generate or manipulate image, audio, or video content.

Moreover, generative AI systems like ‘ChatGPT’ are bound to disclose that the content being generated by them has been derived from an AI model.

 

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Companies are also required to design such systems in such a way that they prevent the generation of illegal content.

In addition, if these systems use copyrighted data for training, they are required to publish summaries of that data.

For high-risk AI systems, transparency is critical, as these systems are required to pass a risk assessment before being introduced to the market, and users should have the right to be informed about this assessment and make an informed decision regarding the use of such systems.

Finally, the legislation mandates tech companies conducting business in the EU to disclose the data used to train their AI systems. This allows transparency into the mechanism of training AI models as well as ensuring users’ data rights and privacy.

These transparency requirements aim to ensure that AI is used in a responsible and ethical manner that respects individual rights.

Need for AI regulation

  • Ethical and safe development: The AI Act aims to ensure that AI development aligns with EU values, including human rights and ethical standards.
  • Consumer and citizen protection: By regulating AI, the EU aims to protect its citizens from potential harm caused by AI systems, such as privacy breaches or discriminatory practices.
  • Fostering innovation: The act is designed not only to regulate but also to encourage innovation in AI, positioning Europe as a global hub for trustworthy A​​I.
  • Global impact: The EU AI Act is expected to have a significant global impact, influencing how AI is regulated worldwide and potentially setting a global standard for AI governanc​e.

 

In conclusion, the EU AI Act represents a comprehensive approach to regulating AI, balancing the need for innovation with the imperative to protect citizens and uphold democratic values. It’s a pioneering effort that could shape the future of AI regulation globally.

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